Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
eat, food 食 (飠)
Parts:
eat, food
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
328 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 食 【ショク】 food, foodstuff, eating, appetite, meal, portion
  • 食 【ショク】 eclipse (solar, lunar, etc.), occultation
  • 飽食 【ホウショク】 eating until one is full, eating one's fill, gorging (on), satiation, having adequate food, having all one needs (for daily living), plenty
  • 会食 【カイショク】 eating together, dining together, having a meal together
  • 食 【ショク】 food, foodstuff, eating, appetite, meal, portion
  • 食堂 【ジキドウ】 dining hall (at a temple)
  • 断食 【ダンジキ】 fasting, fast
  • 斎食 【サイジキ】 morning meal (for priests, monks, etc.), food offering at a Buddhist ceremony

Kun reading compounds

  • 食う 【くう】 to eat, to live, to make a living, to survive, to bite, to sting (as insects do), to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of, to encroach on, to eat into, to consume, to defeat a superior, to threaten a position, to consume time and-or resources, to receive something (usu. an unfavourable event), to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
  • 食うや食わず 【くうやくわず】 (living) from hand to mouth, living on the fringe of subsistence
  • 食らう 【くらう】 to eat, to drink, to wolf, to knock back, to receive (e.g. a blow), to be on the receiving end (of something undesirable), to undergo (trouble)
  • 食べる 【たべる】 to eat, to live on (e.g. a salary), to live off, to subsist on
  • 食べるラー油 【たべるラーゆ】 chili oil mixed with chopped garlic, onions, etc.
  • 食む 【はむ】 to eat (fodder, grass, etc.), to receive (a salary), to receive a stipend from one's lord

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi2, si4
Korean:
sig, sa

Spanish

  • alimento
  • comida
  • eclipse
  • comer

Portuguese

  • comer
  • comida
  • alimento

French

  • manger
  • nourriture
253 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
146 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
269 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5154 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
283 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
99 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1159 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
322 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
322 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
131 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1900 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2578 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1316 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1484 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
44014 Morohashi
2075 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6674 New Nelson (John Haig)
1472 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1582 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
207 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
180 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2865 2001 Kanji
8b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
8073.2 Four corner code
1-31-09 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
98df Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
heavens, sky, imperial
Kun:
あまつあめあま-
On:
テン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
512 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 天 【テン】 sky, heaven, God, svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth), deva (divine being of Buddhism), top (of a book), sole (of a Japanese sandal), beginning, start, tempura, India
  • 天下 【テンカ】 the whole world, the whole country, society, the public, supremacy over a nation, government of a country, the ruling power, having one's own way, doing as one pleases, peerless, incomparable, superlative, world-famous, shogun (Edo period)
  • 炎天 【エンテン】 blazing heat, scorching sun
  • 楽天 【ラクテン】 optimism

Kun reading compounds

  • 天津 【あまつ】 heavenly, imperial
  • 天津乙女 【あまつおとめ】 celestial maiden
  • 天 【あめ】 sky
  • 天地 【てんち】 heaven and earth, the universe, the world, nature, land, world, realm, sphere, top and bottom, gods of heaven and earth

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 あも、 た、 たかし、 て、 なま
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tian1
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

  • paraíso
  • cielo
  • imperial

Portuguese

  • paraíso
  • ceú
  • imperiais

French

  • cieux
  • ciel
  • impérial
119 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
67 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
58 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
364 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
16 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
78 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
41 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
93 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
141 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
141 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
462 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
410 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4250 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2148 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2898 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
435 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5833 Morohashi
3442 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1138 New Nelson (John Haig)
428 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
457 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
277 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
34 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3163 2001 Kanji
0a4.21 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-1 SKIP code
1043.0 Four corner code
1-37-23 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5929 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
script, literature
Parts:
sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan, literary radical (no. 67)
Kun:
ふみあや
On:
ブンモン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
190 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 文 【ブン】 sentence, composition, text, writings, the literary arts (as opposed to the military arts), academia, literature, statement
  • 文化 【ブンカ】 culture, civilization, civilisation, Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
  • 公文 【コウブン】 official document, archives
  • 異文 【イブン】 variant (in a manuscript or book), part of a text that differs from other versions
  • 紋 【モン】 (family) crest, coat of arms, pattern, figure, playing card suit (in karuta)
  • 文 【モン】 mon, one-thousandth of a kan (unit of currency 1336-1870), mon, traditional unit used for shoe and sock sizes (approx. 2.4 cm), letter, character, sentence, scripture, incantation
  • 人文 【ジンブン】 humanity, civilization, civilisation, culture
  • 縄文 【ジョウモン】 straw-rope pattern pressed into earthenware, Jōmon period (ca. 14000-1000 BCE)

Kun reading compounds

  • 文 【ふみ】 letter, writings
  • 文香 【ふみこう】 scented insert (to enclose with a letter), perfumed insert
  • 雁の文 【かりのふみ】 (a) letter
  • 日文 【ひふみ】 Hifumi (script)
  • 綾 【あや】 figure, design, twill weave, pattern of diagonal stripes, style (of writing), figure (of speech), design, plot, plan, minor market fluctuation, technical correction, cat's cradle, lease rod (in a loom)
  • 文無鳥 【あやなしどり】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 言葉は身の文 【ことばはみのあや】 words betray one's character

Readings

Japanese names:
かざり、 ふ、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wen2, wen4
Korean:
mun

Spanish

  • letras
  • literatura

Portuguese

  • sentença
  • literatura
  • estilo
  • arte
  • decoração
  • figuras
  • plano

French

  • phrase
  • littérature
  • style
  • art
  • décoration
  • figure (de style)
  • plan
  • radical littéraire (no. 67)
134 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
77 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
68 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
136 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2064 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
71 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
180 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
86 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
111 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
949 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2458 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1708 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1741 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13450 Morohashi
1962 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2364 New Nelson (John Haig)
1725 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1861 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
89 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
35 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
2j2.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
0040.0 Four corner code
1-42-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6587 Unicode hex code