Jisho

×

16 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
head, counter for large animals
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
433 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭角 【トウカク】 distinguishing oneself, standing out, top of the head
  • 教頭 【キョウトウ】 deputy head teacher, vice principal
  • 会頭 【カイトウ】 society president
  • 頭 【コウベ】 head
  • 頭打ち 【アタマウチ】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 竜頭 【リュウズ】 crown (of a watch), stem, cannon (of a bell)
  • 飛竜頭 【ヒリョウズ】 filhos (traditional Portuguese dessert), deep-fried tofu mixed with thinly sliced vegetables
  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭角 【トウカク】 distinguishing oneself, standing out, top of the head
  • 鳥兜 【トリカブト】 aconite (esp. species Aconitum japonicum), wolfsbane, monkshood, traditional bugaku hat

Kun reading compounds

  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭打ち 【あたまうち】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 石頭 【いしあたま】 obstinate person, stubbornness, pigheadedness, hard head (like a rock)
  • ごま塩頭 【ごましおあたま】 salt and pepper hair, dark hair streaked with gray
  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭文字 【かしらもじ】 first letter of a word, capital letter (at the start of a word or sentence), initials (of one's name)
  • 鯛の尾より鰯の頭 【たいのおよりいわしのかしら】 better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion
  • め組の頭 【めぐみのかしら】 fire brigade chief (in Edo), chief fireman
  • 頭 【こうべ】 head
  • 頭を振る 【かぶりをふる】 to shake one's head (in denial)

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ、 がみ、 ちゃん、 つむり、 づ
Chinese:
tou2, tou5
Korean:
du

Spanish

  • cabeza
  • principio
  • delantera

Portuguese

  • cabeça
  • sufixo para contagem de animais grandes

French

  • tête
  • compteur de gros animaux
294 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
203 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
186 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
386 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4469 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
519 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
275 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2504 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
276 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
276 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
166 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1889 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2019 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1073 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1450 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1453 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43490 Morohashi
1604 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6639 New Nelson (John Haig)
1441 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1549 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
234 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
238 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3061 2001 Kanji
9a7.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-9 SKIP code
1118.6 Four corner code
38-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
982d Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo)
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw (cash), to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code