Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
limit, restrict, to best of ability
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
405 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 限定 【ゲンテイ】 limit, restriction
  • 限界 【ゲンカイ】 limit, bound
  • 上限 【ジョウゲン】 upper limit, supremum
  • 有限 【ユウゲン】 finite, limited

Kun reading compounds

  • 限る 【かぎる】 to restrict, to limit, to confine, to be restricted to, to be limited to, to be confined to, to be best (for), to be the best plan, to be the only way (to)
  • 限り 【かぎり】 limit, limits, bounds, degree, extent, scope, the end, the last, as long as ..., as far as ..., as much as ..., to the limits of ..., all of ..., unless ..., (not) included in ..., (not) part of ..., ... only (e.g. "one time only", "today only"), end of one's life, final moments, death, funeral, burial
  • 限りない 【かぎりない】 eternal, unlimited, endless
  • 中限 【なかぎり】 next-month delivery

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian4
Korean:
han

Spanish

  • limitar
  • restringir
  • confinar

Portuguese

  • limite
  • restringir
  • o melhor possível

French

  • limite
  • limiter
  • restreindre
  • autant que possible
601 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
691 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
665 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
474 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4987 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
600 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
985 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
847 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
866 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
975 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
728 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
475 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
296 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
357 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1478 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41627 Morohashi
398 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6439 New Nelson (John Haig)
1466 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1576 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
370 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
696 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3665 2001 Kanji
2d6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
1-2-6 SKIP code
7723.2 Four corner code
1-24-34 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9650 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
evening, sunset
Parts:
outside
Kun:
そとほかはず.すはず.れると-
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
81 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 外 【ガイ】 outside of, not covered by
  • 外圧 【ガイアツ】 external pressure, outside pressure, foreign pressure
  • 渉外 【ショウガイ】 public relations, client liaison, client relations
  • 在外 【ザイガイ】 overseas, abroad
  • 外科 【ゲカ】 surgery, department of surgery (hospital, etc.)
  • 外科医 【ゲカイ】 surgeon

Kun reading compounds

  • 外 【そと】 outside, exterior, the open (air), other place, somewhere else, outside one's group (family, company, etc.)
  • 外壁 【がいへき】 outer wall
  • 大外 【おおそと】 far out wide (horse racing), far outside
  • 家の外 【いえのそと】 outside the house
  • 他 【ほか】 other (place, thing, person), the rest, et al., outside, beyond, nothing except, nothing but, nothing apart from, nothing aside from, no choice (but to), besides..., in addition to...
  • 外人 【がいじん】 foreigner (esp. one of European ancestry), gaijin, outsider
  • この外 【このほか】 besides, moreover, in addition
  • 思いのほか 【おもいのほか】 unexpectedly, surprisingly
  • 外す 【はずす】 to remove, to take off, to detach, to unfasten, to undo, to drop (e.g. from a team), to remove (from a position), to exclude, to expel, to leave (e.g. one's seat), to go away from, to step out, to slip away, to dodge (a question, blow, etc.), to evade, to sidestep, to avoid (e.g. peak season), to miss (a target, chance, punch, etc.)
  • 外れる 【はずれる】 to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear), to miss the mark, to get it wrong (e.g. guess, expectation), to draw a blank (e.g. lottery), to be removed, to be excluded, to be contrary to, to go against

Readings

Japanese names:
うい、 け、 ふか
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wai4
Korean:
oe

Spanish

  • fuera
  • exterior
  • otro
  • desatar
  • estar desatado
  • estar desconectado

Portuguese

  • Exterior

French

  • extérieur
56 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
91 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
120 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1168 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
42 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
38 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
139 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.11 Japanese for Busy People
83 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
83 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
404 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
215 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
135 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
112 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5750 Morohashi
186 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1125 New Nelson (John Haig)
111 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
116 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
69 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
105 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2554 2001 Kanji
2m3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
2320.0 Four corner code
1-19-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5916 Unicode hex code

18 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
Variants:
appear, existing
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1536 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 顕 【ケン】 exposure, clarity, exoteric Buddhism, public Buddhist teachings
  • 顕在 【ケンザイ】 being actual (as opposed to hidden or latent), being apparent, being obvious, being tangible, being revealed
  • 貴顕 【キケン】 distinguished person
  • 丕顕 【ヒケン】 great and brilliant, splendid

Kun reading compounds

  • 明らか 【あきらか】 clear, obvious, evident, plain, definite, bright, light
  • 現れる 【あらわれる】 to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise, to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 あきら
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian3
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • claro
  • distinguido
  • aclararse
  • aparecer
  • existir

Portuguese

  • aparecer
  • existente

French

  • apparaître
  • existant
1224 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1682 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5137 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1245 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1901 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2757 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1170 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1227 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1647 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1894 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2274 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1175 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1605 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1806 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43609P Morohashi
1806 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6646 New Nelson (John Haig)
1789 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1928 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1911 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3861 2001 Kanji
9a9.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-9 SKIP code
6118.6 Four corner code
1-24-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9855 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
step
Parts:
delicate, minuteness, insignificance
Kun:
かす.か
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1108 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 微 【ビ】 minuteness, one millionth
  • 微細 【ビサイ】 minute, micro, detailed, delicate, subtle
  • 細微 【サイビ】 minute, meager, meagre, mean
  • 翠微 【スイビ】 approx. 80% of the way up a mountainside, view of a light green mountain, mountain that appears green from afar

Kun reading compounds

  • 微か 【かすか】 faint, dim, weak, slight, vague, indistinct, hazy, poor, wretched, meagre, meager, scanty

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wei1, wei2
Korean:
mi

Spanish

  • insignificante
  • diminuto
  • pequeño
  • secreto

Portuguese

  • delicado
  • miudeza
  • insignificancia

French

  • ténu
  • délicat
  • insignifiant
1735 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1228 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1631 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1668 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1283 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1419 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1508 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1149 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
635 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
788 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
461 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
587 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
898 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10203 Morohashi
639 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1765 New Nelson (John Haig)
889 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
954 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1622 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2066 2001 Kanji
3i10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
2824.0 Four corner code
1-40-89 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fae Unicode hex code

19 strokes
Radical:
metal, gold 金 (釒)
Parts:
Variants:
mirror, speculum, barrel-head, round rice-cake offering
Kun:
かがみ
On:
キョウケイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
1506 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 鏡面 【キョウメン】 mirror surface, lens surface
  • 鏡台 【キョウダイ】 dresser
  • 内視鏡 【ナイシキョウ】 endoscope
  • 万華鏡 【マンゲキョウ】 kaleidoscope
  • 明鏡 【メイキョウ】 polished mirror, clear mirror
  • 鸞鏡 【ランキョウ】 mirror with a mythical Chinese bird carved into the back, (in Japan) 9th note of the ancient chromatic scale (approx. A sharp)

Kun reading compounds

  • 鏡 【かがみ】 mirror, looking-glass, barrel head, page added at the beginning of a document mentioning its purpose, date, author, etc., mirror-shaped mochi
  • 鏡板 【かがみいた】 panel, scene-panel, painted backdrop (panel at the back of a noh stage), on which a pine tree is painted
  • 懐中鏡 【かいちゅうかがみ】 pocket mirror
  • 化粧鏡 【けしょうかがみ】 bathroom mirror, vanity mirror

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 かが、 かがん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jing4
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • espejo
  • espéculo
  • lente

Portuguese

  • espelho
  • espéculo
  • cano principal
  • oferenda de bolinho de arroz

French

  • miroir
  • -scope
  • tonneau (saké)
  • gâteau de riz de Nouvel an
378 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
486 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
462 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1358 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4912 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
647 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1858 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2817 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
863 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
882 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1034 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1834 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2219 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1157 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1576 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
494 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40812 Morohashi
1766 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6341 New Nelson (John Haig)
483 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
522 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
638 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2857 2001 Kanji
8a11.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-11 SKIP code
8011.6 Four corner code
1-22-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
93e1 Unicode hex code