Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
village, mile
Parts:
heavy, important, esteem, respect, heap up, pile up, nest of boxes, -fold
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
193 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 重 【ジュウ】 jūbako, multi-tiered food box, heavy, serious, extreme, -fold, -ply
  • 重圧 【ジュウアツ】 strong pressure, heavy pressure
  • 九重 【ココノエ】 ninefold, imperial palace, the Court
  • 加重 【カジュウ】 weighting (in averaging), aggravation
  • 重複 【チョウフク】 duplication, repetition, overlapping, redundancy, restoration
  • 重厚 【ジュウコウ】 profound, deep, grave, solid, dignified, stately, solemn, massive, composed
  • 加重 【カジュウ】 weighting (in averaging), aggravation
  • 九重 【ココノエ】 ninefold, imperial palace, the Court

Kun reading compounds

  • 重 【え】 -fold, -ply
  • 八重 【やえ】 multilayered, doubled
  • 九重 【ここのえ】 ninefold, imperial palace, the Court
  • 重い 【おもい】 heavy, weighty, heavy (feeling), depressed, gloomy, blue, uneasy, slow, sluggish, lumbering, ponderous, clumsy, important (position, responsibility, etc.), serious, grave, serious (punishment, illness, etc.), severe, critical, solid, established, dignified, sensible
  • 重い腰を上げる 【おもいこしをあげる】 to get off one's backside, to bestir oneself
  • 重り 【おもり】 weight, sinker (fishing)
  • 重ねる 【かさねる】 to pile up, to heap up, to stack up, to put on top of another, to repeat many times over, to go through repeatedly, to accumulate
  • 重なる 【かさなる】 to be piled up, to lie on top of one another, to come one after another, to happen over and over, to pile up (e.g. stress), to accumulate, to overlap (each other), to occur at the same time, to happen simultaneously
  • 主 【おも】 chief, main, principal, important, main secondary or supporting role (in kyogen)
  • 重き 【おもき】 importance, emphasis, stress
  • 身重 【みおも】 pregnant
  • 気重 【きおも】 heavy-hearted

Readings

Japanese names:
さね、 しげ、 しげる
Chinese:
zhong4, chong2
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • pesado
  • importante
  • apilar
  • amontonar

Portuguese

  • pesado
  • empilhar
  • pilha de caixas
  • -dobrar

French

  • lourd
  • empiler
  • entasser
  • s'emboîter
  • - couches
245 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
326 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
311 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
155 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
224 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
161 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
266 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1017 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.16 Japanese for Busy People
227 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
227 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
115 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1802 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4390 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2223 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2991 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1691 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40132 Morohashi
3573 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6207 New Nelson (John Haig)
1675 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1805 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
136 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
330 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2272 2001 Kanji
0a9.18 The Kanji Dictionary
4-9-2 SKIP code
2-1-8 SKIP code
2010.4 Four corner code
1-29-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
91cd Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
meat 肉 (⺼)
Parts:
西
loins, hips, waist, low wainscoting
Kun:
こし
On:
ヨウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1306 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 腰 【コシ】 counter for swords, hakama, obi, etc. worn around the waist, counter for quivers of arrows
  • 腰痛 【ヨウツウ】 lower back (or hip) pain, lumbago
  • 細腰 【サイヨウ】 slender hips, slim waist

Kun reading compounds

  • 腰 【こし】 back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region, body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
  • 腰 【こし】 counter for swords, hakama, obi, etc. worn around the waist, counter for quivers of arrows
  • お腰 【おこし】 buttocks, lower back, waist, hips, kimono underskirt
  • 太刀二腰 【たちふたこし】 two swords

Readings

Japanese names:
うすぐ
Chinese:
yao1
Korean:
yo

Spanish

  • caderas
  • cintura
  • anca
  • ijada
  • lomo

Portuguese

  • lombo
  • cadeiras
  • cintura
  • quadris

French

  • reins
  • hanche
  • taille
  • lambris à hauteur de taille
1879 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1168 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3799 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1009 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
851 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2090 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1298 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1373 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1087 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1041 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1311 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
711 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
952 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1619 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
29705X Morohashi
1036 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4850 New Nelson (John Haig)
1605 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1731 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1633 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3969 2001 Kanji
4b9.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-9 SKIP code
7124.4 Four corner code
1-25-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8170 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana-
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 雲上 【ウンジョウ】 above the clouds, the heavens
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, head (e.g. of a staircase), surface, before, previous, superiority, one's superior, one's elder, on top of that, besides, what's more, not only ... but, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning ..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), honorable, venerable, place of one's superior (e.g. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上向き 【うわむき】 pointing up, pointing upward, upturn, uptrend, upward tendency
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity (esp. during Edo period), Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to give, to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to summon (for geishas, etc.), to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get nervous, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, takings, earnings, proceeds, (crop) yield, return, profit, completion, end, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts), how something comes out, finish, green tea (esp. in a sushi restaurant), after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), former
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the Sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train, train heading toward the starting point of its route, upbound (esp. toward Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send someone out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
1-30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code