Jisho

×

12 strokes (also 11)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
overdo, exceed, go beyond, error
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
285 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 過 【カ】 surplus-, excess-, over-, per- (chemical with more of a certain element than found in other compounds of the same constituents)
  • 過去 【カコ】 the past, bygone days, one's past (that one would prefer remained secret), past (tense), preterit, preterite, previous life
  • 超過 【チョウカ】 excess, being more than
  • 一過 【イッカ】 passing (e.g. of a typhoon), going past

Kun reading compounds

  • 過ぎる 【すぎる】 to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond, to pass (of time), to elapse, to have expired, to have ended, to be over, to exceed, to surpass, to be above, to be no more than ..., to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
  • 過ごす 【すごす】 to pass (time), to spend, to overdo (esp. of one's alcohol consumption), to drink (alcohol), to take care of, to support, to overdo, to do too much, to ... without acting on it
  • 過ち 【あやまち】 fault, error, indiscretion, faux pas
  • 過ちを犯す 【あやまちをおかす】 to make an error
  • 過つ 【あやまつ】 to err
  • 過ぎる 【よぎる】 to go by, to cross, to pass by, to flash across
  • 過ぎる 【よぎる】 to go by, to cross, to pass by, to flash across

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
guo4, guo1
Korean:
gwa

Spanish

  • pasar
  • extralimitarse
  • exceder
  • fallo
  • error
  • traspasar
  • fallar

Portuguese

  • sobrepujar
  • exceder
  • ir além de
  • erro

French

  • passer
  • dépasser
  • excéder
  • erreur
562 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
659 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
629 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
399 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4723 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
368 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
963 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1804 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
413 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
419 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
284 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
705 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3891 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2003 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2704 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1302 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39002P Morohashi
3137 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6090 New Nelson (John Haig)
1293 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1389 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
230 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
750 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3649 2001 Kanji
2q9.18 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-9 SKIP code
3730.2 Four corner code
1-18-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
904e Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
ice
Parts:
cool, cold (beer, person), chill
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
667 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷 【レイ】 refrigerator, cold, cool, cold sake
  • 冷蔵庫 【レイゾウコ】 refrigerator, fridge
  • 寒冷 【カンレイ】 cold, coldness, chilliness
  • 空冷 【クウレイ】 air cooling

Kun reading compounds

  • 冷たい 【つめたい】 cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing, (emotionally) cold, coldhearted, unfeeling, indifferent, unfriendly, distant
  • 冷たい暗黒物質 【つめたいあんこくぶっしつ】 cold dark matter
  • 冷える 【ひえる】 to grow cold (from room temperature, e.g. in refrigerator), to get chilly, to cool down
  • 冷や 【ひや】 cold water, cold sake, cold, cool, chilled, unheated
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • お冷 【おひや】 cold (drinking) water, (glass of) cold water, cold boiled rice
  • 冷ややか 【ひややか】 cold, chilly, cool, cold (attitude, stare, etc.), frigid, indifferent, distant, surly, curt, composed, cool, calm
  • 冷やす 【ひやす】 to cool (from room temperature), to chill, to refrigerate, to calm down, to cool off, to regain one's composure, to relax, to be frightened (at), to be scared (of)
  • 冷やかす 【ひやかす】 to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at, to cool, to refrigerate, to window-shop, to look at without buying
  • 冷める 【さめる】 to cool down, to get cold, to cool off (excitement, temper, etc.), to subside, to dampen, to fade, to wane, to be cold (eyes, expression, etc.), to be composed
  • 冷ます 【さます】 to cool (e.g. from a high temperature to room temperature), to let cool, to dampen, to throw a damper on, to spoil

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
leng3
Korean:
raeng

Spanish

  • frío
  • enfriar
  • enfriarse
  • helarse
  • helar

Portuguese

  • fresco
  • frio (cerveja
  • pessoa)
  • calafrio

French

  • froid
  • fraîche (bière)
  • froide (personne)
  • refroidir
535 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
634 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
604 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
607 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
642 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
792 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
348 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
349 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
832 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
851 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
662 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
166 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
88 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
57 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
61 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1416 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1622 Morohashi
80 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
419 New Nelson (John Haig)
1404 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1506 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
493 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
344 2001 Kanji
2b5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
3812.7 Four corner code
1-46-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51b7 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
kneel
Parts:
Variants:
instead, on the contrary, rather, step back, withdraw, retreat
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
959 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷却 【レイキャク】 cooling, refrigeration
  • 売却 【バイキャク】 selling off, disposal by sale, sale

Kun reading compounds

  • 却って 【かえって】 on the contrary, rather, instead, all the more
  • 退ける 【しりぞける】 to repel, to drive away, to repulse, to reject

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
que4
Korean:
gag

Spanish

  • retirarse
  • echarse atrás
  • rechazar

Portuguese

  • ao invés
  • ao contrário
  • melhor

French

  • au lieu de
  • au contraire
  • plutôt
1145 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1252 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
808 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1680 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1114 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1783 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1915 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1616 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
252 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1436 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
761 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1034 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1407 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2856 Morohashi
1118 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
631 New Nelson (John Haig)
1395 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1497 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1101 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
2e5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-2 SKIP code
4772.0 Four corner code
1-21-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5374 Unicode hex code