Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
Kun:
ま.けるま.かすお.う
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
443 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 負 【フ】 negative, minus
  • 負債 【フサイ】 debt, liabilities
  • 自負 【ジフ】 pride, self-confidence, thinking highly of oneself, being proud of one's abilities or achievements
  • 正負 【セイフ】 positive and negative, +-, plus and minus

Kun reading compounds

  • 負ける 【まける】 to lose, to be defeated, to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield, to be inferior to, to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.), to reduce the price, to give a discount, to throw in (something extra) for free
  • 負けるが勝ち 【まけるがかち】 he that fights and runs away may live to fight another day, sometimes you have to lose to win, losing is winning
  • 負かす 【まかす】 to defeat
  • 負う 【おう】 to bear, to carry on one's back, to take responsibility for, to accept a duty, to receive (wound), to incur (damage), to be injured, to owe
  • 負うた子に教えられて浅瀬を渡る 【おうたこにおしえられてあさせをわたる】 some things can be learned from the young, a fool may give a wise man counsel, to be led across the shallows by the child on one's shoulders

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fu4
Korean:
bu

Spanish

  • llevar
  • tomar a su cargo
  • deber
  • ser derrotado
  • llevarse la victoria

Portuguese

  • derrotar
  • negativa
  • menos
  • carregar
  • dever a
  • assumir uma responsabilidade

French

  • défaite
  • perdre
  • moins
  • négatif
  • assumer
  • porter sur le dos
  • devoir à quelqu'un
  • faire un rabais
312 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
406 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
383 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
473 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4488 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
503 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
918 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
981 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
510 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
519 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
717 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1722 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2594 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1327 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1799 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
63 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36660X Morohashi
2091 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5769 New Nelson (John Haig)
63 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
67 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
346 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2561 2001 Kanji
2n7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-7-2 SKIP code
2780.6 Four corner code
1-41-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ca0 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
child, sign of the rat, 11PM-1AM, first sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
-こ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
72 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 子 【シ】 child (esp. a boy), viscount, founder of a school of thought (esp. Confucius), master, masters and philosophers (categorization of Chinese classical literature), you, -er (i.e. man who spends all his time doing...)
  • 子孫 【シソン】 descendant, posterity, offspring
  • 男子 【ダンシ】 boy, man, male
  • 女子 【ジョシ】 woman, girl
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 恵比寿 【エビス】 Ebisu, god of fishing and commerce
  • 久留子 【クルス】 cross sign
  • 対子 【トイツ】 pair, eyes
  • 七対子 【チートイツ】 seven pairs, winning hand composed of seven pairs

Kun reading compounds

  • 子 【こ】 child, kid, teenager, youngster, young (non-adult) person, (one's) child, offspring, young woman, young (animal), offshoot, interest, new share, player who is not a dealer (in cards, mahjong, etc.), young geisha, young prostitute, bird egg, -er (often of young women)
  • 子 【こう】 child, interest
  • 判子 【はんこ】 seal (used in lieu of a signature), stamp, chop
  • 売れっ子 【うれっこ】 popular figure, person in demand, favorite, favourite
  • 子 【ね】 the Rat (first sign of the Chinese zodiac), hour of the Rat (around midnight, 11pm to 1am, or 12 midnight to 2am), north, eleventh month of the lunar calendar
  • 子忌み 【ねいみ】 collecting herbs and pulling out young pine trees by the roots (annual event held on the first day of the Rat of the New Year)
  • 庚子 【かのえね】 Metal Rat (37th year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1960, 2020, 2080)
  • 甲子 【きのえね】 Wood Rat (1st year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1924, 1984, 2044)

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 き、 ぎ、 く、 け、 ねっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zi3, zi2, zi5
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • chiquillo
  • niño

Portuguese

  • criança

French

  • enfant
  • signe de la 1ère branche terrestre
  • signe du Rat (zodiaque)
  • 23 h à 01 h
  • Nord (0°)
31 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
40 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
25 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
56 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1264 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
61 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
43 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
38 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
103 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
103 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
69 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
455 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4196 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2125 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2872 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
96 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6930 Morohashi
3390 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1281 New Nelson (John Haig)
95 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
99 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
42 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
18 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3547 2001 Kanji
2c0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
4-2-1 SKIP code
1740.7 Four corner code
1-27-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b50 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
rap 攴 (攵)
Parts:
teach, faith, doctrine
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
166 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 教室 【キョウシツ】 classroom, lecture room, department (in a university), class, lessons, course, school (for a particular discipline), teaching establishment
  • 教会 【キョウカイ】 church, congregation
  • 布教 【フキョウ】 propagation (e.g. a religion), proselytizing, missionary work
  • 説教 【セッキョウ】 sermon, preaching, homily, remonstration, scolding, lecturing

Kun reading compounds

  • 教える 【おしえる】 to teach, to instruct, to tell, to inform, to show, to preach
  • 教わる 【おそわる】 to be taught, to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
のり、 ひさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiao4, jiao1
Korean:
gyo

Spanish

  • educación
  • enseñanza
  • enseñar
  • instruir
  • ser enseñado

Portuguese

  • ensinar
  • doutrina

French

  • enseigner
  • foi
  • doctrine
191 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
112 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
101 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
97 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2052 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
247 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
179 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1408 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
245 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
245 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
214 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
940 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1887 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1002 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1356 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1262 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13213 Morohashi
1493 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2345 New Nelson (John Haig)
1254 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1343 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
58 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
202 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1466 2001 Kanji
4i6.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-4 SKIP code
1-6-4 SKIP code
4844.0 Four corner code
1-22-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6559 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
shallow, superficial, frivolous, wretched, shameful
Kun:
あさ.い
On:
セン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1253 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 浅学非才 【センガクヒサイ】 one's lack of learning or ability, shallow learning and limited ability
  • 浅学 【センガク】 shallow knowledge, superficial learning
  • 深浅 【シンセン】 depth, shade (of color, colour)

Kun reading compounds

  • 浅い 【あさい】 shallow, superficial, slight (wound), light (sleep), pale (colour), inadequate (knowledge), short (time), early, young
  • 浅煎り 【あさいり】 light roast (coffee)

Readings

Japanese names:
あざ、 さ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qian3, jian1
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

  • poco profundo
  • superficial

Portuguese

  • raso
  • frívolo
  • superficial
  • desprezível
  • obsceno

French

  • peu profond
  • superficiel
  • frivole
  • misérable
  • honteux
655 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
554 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
525 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
838 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2549 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
722 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
683 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
827 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
649 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
660 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
122 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1190 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
464 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
289 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
349 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
375 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17452 Morohashi
389 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3129 New Nelson (John Haig)
369 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
395 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
529 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
359 2001 Kanji
3a6.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
3315.0 Four corner code
1-32-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d45 Unicode hex code

19 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
rapids, current, torrent, shallows, shoal
Kun:
On:
ライ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1152 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

Kun reading compounds

  • 瀬 【せ】 shallows, shoal, rapids, current, torrent, position, place, chance, opportunity
  • 瀬戸物 【せともの】 earthenware, porcelain, china, pottery, crockery
  • 早瀬 【はやせ】 swift current, rapids
  • 高瀬 【たかせ】 shallow river, shallows, flatboat, river boat

Readings

Japanese names:
いわた、 がせ、 しげ、 せい、 せっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lai4
Korean:
roe

Spanish

  • corriente de agua
  • rápidos
  • torrente
  • tiempo
  • ocasión

Portuguese

  • corredeiras
  • corrente
  • torrente
  • baixios
  • banco de areia

French

  • rapides
  • courant
  • torrent
  • hauts fonds
1469 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
947 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2735 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1037 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1509 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2794 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1513 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1614 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1845 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1259 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
995 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
545 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
717 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1682 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18672P Morohashi
806 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3384 New Nelson (John Haig)
1666 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1795 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1914 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
361 2001 Kanji
3a16.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-16 SKIP code
3118.6 Four corner code
1-32-5 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
702c Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
广
transit, ford, ferry, cross, import, deliver, diameter, migrate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
446 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 渡来 【トライ】 visit (from abroad), introduction (from abroad), importation
  • 渡米 【トベイ】 going to the United States
  • 一寸 【チョット】 a little, a bit, slightly, just a minute, for a moment, briefly, somewhat, rather, fairly, pretty, quite, (not) easily, (not) readily, hey!, come on, excuse me, thanks, but no, not feasible, not possible
  • 譲渡 【ジョウト】 transfer, assignment, conveyance

Kun reading compounds

  • 渡る 【わたる】 to cross over, to go across, to extend, to cover, to range, to span
  • 渡る世間に鬼はない 【わたるせけんにおにはない】 all people aren't evil, don't distrust everyone, there is kindness to be found everywhere
  • 渡す 【わたす】 to ferry across (e.g. a river), to carry across, to traverse, to lay across, to build across, to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 たり、 わたな、 わたら、 わたり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
du4
Korean:
do

Spanish

  • vadear
  • cruzar
  • pasar
  • emigrar
  • entregar

Portuguese

  • transito
  • vau
  • balsa
  • cruzar
  • importar
  • entregar
  • diâmetro
  • emigrar

French

  • transit
  • gué
  • bac
  • traversée
  • import
  • livrer
  • diamètre
  • migrer
1636 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
615 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2635 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
897 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
695 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1586 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.14 Japanese for Busy People
378 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
379 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
205 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1225 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
746 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
445 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
560 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1203 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17765 Morohashi
611 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3247 New Nelson (John Haig)
1195 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1279 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1561 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
367 2001 Kanji
3a9.35 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
1-3-8 SKIP code
3014.7 Four corner code
1-37-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6e21 Unicode hex code