Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
Kun:
ま.けるま.かすお.う
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
443 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 負 【フ】 negative, minus
  • 負債 【フサイ】 debt, liabilities
  • 自負 【ジフ】 pride, self-confidence, thinking highly of oneself, being proud of one's abilities or achievements
  • 正負 【セイフ】 positive and negative, +-, plus and minus

Kun reading compounds

  • 負ける 【まける】 to lose, to be defeated, to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield, to be inferior to, to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.), to reduce the price, to give a discount, to throw in (something extra) for free
  • 負けるが勝ち 【まけるがかち】 he that fights and runs away may live to fight another day, sometimes you have to lose to win, losing is winning
  • 負かす 【まかす】 to defeat
  • 負う 【おう】 to bear, to carry on one's back, to take responsibility for, to accept a duty, to receive (wound), to incur (damage), to be injured, to owe
  • 負うた子に教えられて浅瀬を渡る 【おうたこにおしえられてあさせをわたる】 some things can be learned from the young, a fool may give a wise man counsel, to be led across the shallows by the child on one's shoulders

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fu4
Korean:
bu

Spanish

  • llevar
  • tomar a su cargo
  • deber
  • ser derrotado
  • llevarse la victoria

Portuguese

  • derrotar
  • negativa
  • menos
  • carregar
  • dever a
  • assumir uma responsabilidade

French

  • défaite
  • perdre
  • moins
  • négatif
  • assumer
  • porter sur le dos
  • devoir à quelqu'un
  • faire un rabais
312 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
406 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
383 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
473 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4488 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
503 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
918 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
981 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
510 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
519 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
717 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1722 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2594 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1327 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1799 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
63 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36660X Morohashi
2091 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5769 New Nelson (John Haig)
63 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
67 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
346 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2561 2001 Kanji
2n7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-7-2 SKIP code
2780.6 Four corner code
1-41-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ca0 Unicode hex code

2 strokes
Radical:
two
Parts:
Variants:
two, two radical (no. 7)
Kun:
ふたふた.つふたたび
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
9 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 二 【ニ】 two, 2
  • 二人 【フタリ】 two persons, two people, pair, couple
  • 一二 【イチニ】 the first and second, a few
  • 十二 【ジュウニ】 twelve, 12, queen (playing card)
  • 二乗 【ニジョウ】 squaring, multiplying (a number) by itself, second power
  • 次男 【ジナン】 second son
  • 不二 【フジ】 being two sides of the same coin, being the same (while appearing different), Very sincerely yours, peerless, unparalleled, unparallelled
  • 唯一不二 【ユイイツフジ】 one and only, unique

Kun reading compounds

  • 二 【に】 two, 2
  • 二つ 【ふたつ】 two
  • 二つ 【ふたつ】 two
  • 二つ目 【ふたつめ】 one after next, second
  • 再び 【ふたたび】 again, once more, a second time

Readings

Japanese names:
おと、 つぐ、 つぎ、 にい、 は、 ふ、 ふたつ、 ふだ、 わ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
er4
Korean:
i

Spanish

  • dos
  • 2

Portuguese

  • dois

French

  • deux
  • radical deux (no. 2)
2 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
2 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
61 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
6 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
273 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
2 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
9 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
4 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
3 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
3 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
31 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2421 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1224 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1688 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
2 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
247 Morohashi
1922 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
72 New Nelson (John Haig)
2 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
11 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
2 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3072 2001 Kanji
0a2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-1 SKIP code
1010.0 Four corner code
1-38-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e8c Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
paragraph, nape of neck, clause, item, term (expression)
Kun:
うなじ
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
884 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 項 【コウ】 clause, paragraph, item, argument, term (of an equation), nape (of the neck)
  • 項目 【コウモク】 item, heading, category, clause, headword (in a dictionary, encyclopedia, etc.), entry
  • 要項 【ヨウコウ】 important points, main points
  • 別項 【ベッコウ】 special heading, separate paragraph

Kun reading compounds

  • 項 【うなじ】 nape (of the neck), nucha

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xiang4
Korean:
hang

Spanish

  • párrafo
  • cláusula
  • articulo
  • tema

Portuguese

  • parágrafo
  • nuca
  • cláusula
  • item
  • termo (expressão)

French

  • paragraphe
  • clause
  • nuque
  • article (item)
  • terme (expression)
1262 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
995 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1459 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1138 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1897 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1543 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1439 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1529 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1222 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1883 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
692 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
415 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
521 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
82 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43343 Morohashi
567 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6617 New Nelson (John Haig)
82 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
86 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1604 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3161 2001 Kanji
9a3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-9 SKIP code
1118.6 Four corner code
1-25-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9805 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
part, minute of time, segment, share, degree, one's lot, duty, understand, know, rate, 1%, chances, shaku/100
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
24 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 分 【ブン】 part, portion, share, amount, worth (as in "two days' worth"), enough (for), one's means, one's place, one's lot, one's social position, one's duty, one's part, condition, state (of affairs), extent, rate (as in "at this rate"), in proportion to, just as much as, to the same degree, content (e.g. alcohol), percentage, equivalent to (e.g. an old brother)
  • 分析 【ブンセキ】 analysis
  • 区分 【クブン】 division, section, demarcation, partition, segmentation, subdivision, (traffic) lane, compartment, classification, sorting
  • 等分 【トウブン】 division into equal parts, equal parts
  • 分 【フン】 minute (unit of time), fun (one tenth of a monme, 5.787 grains)
  • 分別 【フンベツ】 discretion, prudence, good sense, judgement, judgment, wisdom, discernment
  • 毎分 【マイフン】 every minute, per minute
  • 壊変毎分 【カイヘンマイフン】 disintegration per minute, dpm
  • 分 【ブ】 one-tenth, one percent (one-tenth of a wari), 3 mm (one-tenth of a sun), 2.4 mm (one-tenth of a mon, a traditional unit used to measure shoe sizes), 0.1 degree (one-tenth of a do, used to measure body temperature on any temperature scale), one-quarter of a ryō (obsolete unit of currency), thickness, advantageous circumstances, one-tenth of a monme of silver
  • 分 【ブン】 part, portion, share, amount, worth (as in "two days' worth"), enough (for), one's means, one's place, one's lot, one's social position, one's duty, one's part, condition, state (of affairs), extent, rate (as in "at this rate"), in proportion to, just as much as, to the same degree, content (e.g. alcohol), percentage, equivalent to (e.g. an old brother)
  • 一分 【イチブ】 one tenth, one hundredth, one percent, one tenth of a sun, one quarter ryō (an old coin)
  • 節分 【セツブン】 setsubun, last day of winter in the traditional Japanese calendar (usu. February 3 or 4), day of the bean scattering ceremony, last day of any season (according to the traditional Japanese calendar)

Kun reading compounds

  • 分ける 【わける】 to divide (into), to split (into), to part, to separate, to divide up, to classify, to sort out, to divide out, to share, to distribute, to deal out, to dish out, to distinguish, to discriminate, to differentiate (between), to break up (a fight), to mediate, to call a draw, to tie, to push one's way through (a crowd), to sell
  • 分け 【わけ】 sharing, division, draw, tie
  • 分ける 【わける】 to divide (into), to split (into), to part, to separate, to divide up, to classify, to sort out, to divide out, to share, to distribute, to deal out, to dish out, to distinguish, to discriminate, to differentiate (between), to break up (a fight), to mediate, to call a draw, to tie, to push one's way through (a crowd), to sell
  • 申し訳 【もうしわけ】 apology, excuse
  • 追分 【おいわけ】 forked road
  • 分かれる 【わかれる】 to branch, to fork, to diverge, to separate, to split, to divide, to disperse, to scatter
  • 分かる 【わかる】 to understand, to comprehend, to grasp, to see, to get, to follow, to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out, I know!, I think so too!
  • 分かつ 【わかつ】 to divide, to separate, to share, to distribute, to distinguish

Readings

Japanese names:
いた、 わけ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fen1, fen4
Korean:
bun

Spanish

  • parte
  • segmento
  • minuto
  • dividir
  • separar

Portuguese

  • parte
  • minuto
  • segmento
  • grau
  • dever
  • compreender
  • saber
  • valor
  • 1%
  • oportunidades
  • shaku/100

French

  • portion
  • minute
  • section
  • part
  • degré
  • son lot dans la vie
  • comprendre
  • savoir
  • devoir
  • taux
  • 1%
  • chances
  • bu = 1/100 de shaku = 3.03 mm
133 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
218 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
199 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
35 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
578 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
35 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
22 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
64 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.2 Japanese for Busy People
38 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
38 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
26 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
180 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2466 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1247 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1713 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
788 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1853 Morohashi
1972 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
454 New Nelson (John Haig)
781 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
844 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
28 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
101 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2045 2001 Kanji
2o2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
8022.7 Four corner code
1-42-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5206 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
turban, scarf
Parts:
linen, cloth, spread, distribute
Kun:
ぬのし.くきれ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
877 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 布 【ヌノ】 cloth, bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)
  • 布団 【フトン】 futon, Japanese bedding consisting of a mattress and a duvet, round cushion used for Zen meditation (traditionally made of woven bulrush leaves)
  • 配布 【ハイフ】 distribution
  • 塗布 【トフ】 application (of ointment, etc.), coating
  • 布衣 【ホイ】 linen kariginu, (during the Edo period) plain kariginu
  • 布衣始 【ホウイハジメ】 ceremony in which an abdicated emperor puts on informal court clothes (e.g. kariginu, eboshi)

Kun reading compounds

  • 布 【ぬの】 cloth, bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)
  • 布地 【ぬのじ】 cloth, fabric
  • 麻布 【あさぬの】 hemp cloth, linen
  • 磨き布 【みがきぬの】 polishing cloth
  • 敷く 【しく】 to spread out, to lay out, to take a position, to impose widely (e.g. over a city)
  • 布地 【ぬのじ】 cloth, fabric
  • ボロ切れ 【ボロきれ】 old cloth, rag

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 の、 ほ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bu4
Korean:
po

Spanish

  • paño
  • tela
  • difusión

Portuguese

  • Linho
  • pano

French

  • linge
706 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
799 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
778 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
749 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1468 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
737 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
494 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
170 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
675 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
688 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
887 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
557 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3691 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1886 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2566 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
412 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8778 Morohashi
2973 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1548 New Nelson (John Haig)
405 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
433 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
653 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
3f2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-3 SKIP code
4022.7 Four corner code
1-41-59 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e03 Unicode hex code