Jisho

×

西

6 strokes
Radical:
west 西 (襾, 覀)
Parts:
西
Variants:
west, Spain
Kun:
にし
On:
セイサイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
259 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 西 【セイ】 Spain, Spanish (language)
  • 西遊記 【サイユウキ】 Monkey (Monkey King, Magic Monkey), Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature)
  • 南西 【ナンセイ】 southwest
  • 北北西 【ホクホクセイ】 north-northwest
  • 西遊記 【サイユウキ】 Monkey (Monkey King, Magic Monkey), Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature)
  • 西方 【セイホウ】 western direction, Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise), western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo)
  • 西瓜 【スイカ】 watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)
  • 西班牙 【スペイン】 Spain

Kun reading compounds

  • 西 【にし】 west
  • 西方 【せいほう】 western direction, Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise), western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo)
  • 南西 【なんせい】 southwest
  • 東は東西は西 【ひがしはひがしにしはにし】 East is East, and West is West

Readings

Japanese names:
いり、 ひし、 むら
Chinese:
xi1
Korean:
seo

Spanish

  • Oeste
  • España

Portuguese

  • oeste
  • Espanha

French

  • Ouest
  • Espagne
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
169 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
152 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
167 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4273 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
28 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
83 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
336 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
72 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
72 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1638 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4333 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2193 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2951 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1616 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34763 Morohashi
3520 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5514 New Nelson (John Haig)
1602 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1728 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
198 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
128 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3275 2001 Kanji
0a6.20 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-1 SKIP code
1060.0 Four corner code
32-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
897f Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
lack, yawn
Parts:
Variants:
Europe
Kun:
うた.うは.く
On:
オウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
421 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 欧州 【オウシュウ】 Europe
  • 欧米 【オウベイ】 Europe and America, the West
  • 東欧 【トウオウ】 Eastern Europe
  • 西欧 【セイオウ】 Western Europe

Readings

Japanese names:
おお、 ひろ
Chinese:
ou1
Korean:
gu

Spanish

  • Europa

Portuguese

  • Europa

French

  • Europe
1034 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
766 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2413 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1416 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
649 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1022 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1061 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
554 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1121 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1098 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
596 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
787 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1715 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16024P Morohashi
887 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2931 New Nelson (John Haig)
1699 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1834 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1198 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3462 2001 Kanji
4j4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
7778.2 Four corner code
18-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b27 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Chinese:
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code