Jisho

×

西

6 strokes
Radical:
west 西 (襾, 覀)
Parts:
西
Variants:
west, Spain
Kun:
にし
On:
セイサイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
259 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 西 【セイ】 Spain, Spanish (language)
  • 西遊記 【サイユウキ】 Monkey (Monkey King, Magic Monkey), Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature)
  • 南西 【ナンセイ】 southwest
  • 北北西 【ホクホクセイ】 north-northwest
  • 西遊記 【サイユウキ】 Monkey (Monkey King, Magic Monkey), Journey to the West (classic of Chinese literature)
  • 西方 【セイホウ】 western direction, Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise), western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo)
  • 西瓜 【スイカ】 watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)
  • 西班牙 【スペイン】 Spain

Kun reading compounds

  • 西 【にし】 west
  • 西方 【せいほう】 western direction, Western Pure Land (Amitabha's Buddhist paradise), western fighter in a match (e.g. sumo)
  • 南西 【なんせい】 southwest
  • 東は東西は西 【ひがしはひがしにしはにし】 East is East, and West is West

Readings

Japanese names:
いり、 ひし、 むら
Chinese:
xi1
Korean:
seo

Spanish

  • Oeste
  • España

Portuguese

  • oeste
  • Espanha

French

  • Ouest
  • Espagne
96 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
169 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
152 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
167 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4273 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
28 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
83 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
336 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
72 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
72 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
40 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1638 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4333 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2193 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2951 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1616 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
34763 Morohashi
3520 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5514 New Nelson (John Haig)
1602 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1728 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
198 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
128 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3275 2001 Kanji
0a6.20 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-1 SKIP code
1060.0 Four corner code
32-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
897f Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
square
Parts:
direction, person, alternative
Kun:
かた-かた-がた
On:
ホウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
46 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 方 【ホウ】 direction, way, side, area (in a particular direction), side (of an argument, etc.), one's part, type, category, field (of study, etc.), indicates one side of a comparison, way, method, manner, means, length (of each side of a square)
  • 方言 【ホウゲン】 dialect
  • 途方 【トホウ】 way, destination, reason
  • 右方 【ウホウ】 right side, style of Japanese court music

Kun reading compounds

  • 方 【かた】 direction, way, person, lady, gentleman, method of, manner of, way of, care of ..., person in charge of ..., side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
  • 方々 【かたがた】 they (of people), gentlemen (of the ...), you (usu. plural), various
  • 親方 【おやかた】 master, boss, chief, foreman, supervisor, stable master, craftsman, artisan, foster parent
  • 出方 【でかた】 attitude, approach, move, theater usher, theatre usher

Readings

Japanese names:
から、 な、 なた、 ふさ、 まさ、 みち、 も、 わ
Chinese:
fang1
Korean:
bang

Spanish

  • dirección
  • lado
  • cuadrado
  • método
  • manera
  • persona
  • forma de hacer

Portuguese

  • direção
  • pessoa
  • alternativa

French

  • direction
  • personne
  • alternative
138 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
223 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
204 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
28 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2082 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
26 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
182 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
85 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
70 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
70 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
43 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
957 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2459 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1243 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1709 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
501 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13620 Morohashi
1963 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2389 New Nelson (John Haig)
490 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
529 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
25 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
102 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
445 2001 Kanji
4h0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
3-3-1 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
42-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
65b9 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
clean, purify, cleanse, exorcise, Manchu Dynasty
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1383 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 浄化槽 【ジョウカソウ】 water-purification tank, septic tank
  • 浄化 【ジョウカ】 purification, cleanup (e.g. of politics), purge
  • 自浄 【ジジョウ】 self-purification, self-cleansing
  • 不浄 【フジョウ】 uncleanliness, dirtiness, impurity, filthiness, defilement, menses, feces (faeces), bathroom

Kun reading compounds

  • 清める 【きよめる】 to purify, to cleanse, to exorcise, to purge, to ward off
  • 清い 【きよい】 clear, pure, noble

Readings

Chinese:
jing4
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • puro
  • inocente

Portuguese

  • limpar
  • purificar
  • limpeza
  • exorcisar
  • Disnastia Manchu

French

  • nettoyer
  • laver
  • purifier
  • dynastie Mandchoue
1417 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1559 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2548 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
976 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1472 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
823 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
664 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
675 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1495 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1187 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
457 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
282 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
342 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1163 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17451 Morohashi
382 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3128 New Nelson (John Haig)
1155 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1239 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1274 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
347 2001 Kanji
3a6.18 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
3715.7 Four corner code
30-84 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d44 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
soil, earth, ground, Turkey
Kun:
つち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
307 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth (third of the five elements), Turkey
  • 土地 【トチ】 plot of land, lot, soil, locality, region, place
  • 浄土 【ジョウド】 pure land (esp. the Western Pure Land paradise of Amitabha), (Buddhist) paradise, Pure Land Buddhism
  • 郷土 【キョウド】 native place, birth-place, one's old home, province, region, locality
  • 土 【ド】 Saturday, earth (third of the five elements), Turkey
  • 時計 【トケイ】 watch, clock, timepiece
  • 下土 【カド】 lower world, this world, the earth
  • 率土 【ソット】 face of the earth

Kun reading compounds

  • 土 【つち】 earth, soil, dirt, clay, mud, the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land, low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud), (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in Onmyōdō)
  • 土方 【どかた】 construction worker, laborer (labourer), navvy
  • 盛り土 【もりど】 embankment (for road, railway, etc.), raising the ground level, fill
  • 赤土 【あかつち】 red clay, tuff loam, dark-red paint

Readings

Japanese names:
つ、 つく、 は、 ひじ
Chinese:
tu3
Korean:
to, du

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • Turquía

Portuguese

  • solo
  • terra
  • chão
  • Turquia

French

  • sol
  • terre
  • terrain
  • Turquie
17 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
19 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
60 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
316 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1050 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
19 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
37 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
42 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
24 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
22 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
347 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4211 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2127 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2875 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
152 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4867 Morohashi
3403 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
966 New Nelson (John Haig)
150 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
161 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
360 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
22 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1472 2001 Kanji
3b0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
4010.0 Four corner code
37-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
571f Unicode hex code