Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
suffering, trial, worry, hardship, feel bitter, scowl
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
623 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 苦 【ク】 pain, anguish, suffering, distress, anxiety, worry, trouble, difficulty, hardship, duhkha (suffering)
  • 苦境 【クキョウ】 difficult situation, adverse circumstances, predicament, trouble, dilemma, distress
  • 生活苦 【セイカツク】 life's struggles
  • 病苦 【ビョウク】 pain of sickness

Kun reading compounds

  • 苦しい 【くるしい】 painful, difficult, tough, hard, distressing, (psychologically) difficult, stressful, awkward (e.g. position), straitened (circumstances), tight (financial situation), needy, struggling, strained (interpretation, explanation, etc.), lame (e.g. excuse), forced (e.g. smile), far-fetched, hard to do, unpleasant
  • 苦しい言い訳 【くるしいいいわけ】 lame excuse, poor excuse
  • 苦しむ 【くるしむ】 to suffer, to groan, to be worried
  • 苦しめる 【くるしめる】 to torment, to pain, to inflict (physical) pain, to hurt, to harass, to cause (emotional) pain, to afflict, to distress, to bother, to trouble, to stump, to baffle
  • 苦い 【にがい】 bitter
  • 苦い薬 【にがいくすり】 bitter medicine
  • 苦る 【にがる】 to feel bitter, to scowl

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ku3
Korean:
go

Spanish

  • sufrimiento
  • pena
  • doloroso
  • penoso
  • trabajoso
  • amargo

Portuguese

  • sofrimento
  • experiência
  • preocupar
  • dificuldade
  • sentir- se amargo
  • tristeza

French

  • souffrir
  • peine
  • affliction
  • souci
  • amer
  • renfrogné
197 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
283 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
264 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
597 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3928 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
264 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
864 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
687 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
545 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
554 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
342 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
646 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2789 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1433 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1932 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
230 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30797P Morohashi
2243 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5009 New Nelson (John Haig)
225 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
239 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
344 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
295 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1977 2001 Kanji
3k5.24 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
4460.4 Four corner code
1-22-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
82e6 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
say, word
Kun:
い.うこと
On:
ゲンゴン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
83 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 言 【ゲン】 word, remark, statement
  • 言及 【ゲンキュウ】 reference, allusion
  • 過言 【カゴン】 exaggeration, overstatement, saying too much, misstatement, slip of the tongue, gaffe
  • 狂言 【キョウゲン】 kyogen, farce presented between noh plays or during the interlude of a noh play, kabuki play, kabuki performance, make-believe, ruse, trick
  • 言語 【ゲンゴ】 language
  • 言下 【ゲンカ】 promptly
  • 過言 【カゴン】 exaggeration, overstatement, saying too much, misstatement, slip of the tongue, gaffe
  • 二言 【ニゴン】 double-dealing, double tongue, going back on what one has said, repeating oneself

Kun reading compounds

  • 言う 【いう】 to say, to utter, to declare, to name, to call, to go (e.g. "the alarm went ping"), to make a noise
  • 言うまでもない 【いうまでもない】 goes without saying, needless to say, obvious
  • 言 【げん】 word, remark, statement
  • 言葉 【ことば】 language, dialect, word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark, speech, (manner of) speaking, learning to speak, language acquisition
  • 禍言 【まがごと】 ominous word, ill-omened word, misfortune
  • 二言 【ふたこと】 two words, repetition

Readings

Japanese names:
とき
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yan2
Korean:
eon

Spanish

  • palabras
  • decir

Portuguese

  • Dizer
  • palavras

French

  • dire
392 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
118 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
274 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
279 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4309 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
43 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
85 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
439 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
66 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
66 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
203 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1653 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2440 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1233 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1698 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
341 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35205 Morohashi
1941 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5552 New Nelson (John Haig)
335 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
357 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
44 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
142 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3077 2001 Kanji
7a0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-6 SKIP code
0060.1 Four corner code
1-24-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a00 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
Variants:
translate, reason, circumstance, case
Kun:
わけ
On:
ヤク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
1050 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 訳 【ヤク】 translation, version (e.g. "English version")
  • 訳者 【ヤクシャ】 translator
  • 点訳 【テンヤク】 translating into Braille
  • 名訳 【メイヤク】 excellent translation, fine translation

Kun reading compounds

  • 訳 【わけ】 conclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
  • 訳がない 【わけがない】 there is no way that ..., easy, simple
  • 申し訳 【もうしわけ】 apology, excuse
  • 仕分け 【しわけ】 classification, assortment, assortment journalizing (in bookkeeping)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yi4
Korean:
yeog

Spanish

  • traducir
  • razón
  • motivo
  • causa
  • significado

Portuguese

  • traduzir
  • razão
  • circunstância
  • caso

French

  • traduire
  • excuse
  • cause
  • circonstance
  • cas
874 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
993 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
982 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
879 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4327 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
190 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1743 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1402 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
594 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
604 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
761 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1668 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1865 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
989 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1340 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1082 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35324P Morohashi
1473 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5572 New Nelson (John Haig)
1073 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1154 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
934 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3062 2001 Kanji
7a4.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-4 SKIP code
0768.7 Four corner code
1-44-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a33 Unicode hex code