Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
grass 艸 (艹)
Parts:
Variants:
flower
Kun:
はな
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
578 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 花瓶 【カビン】 (flower) vase
  • 花粉 【カフン】 pollen
  • 生け花 【イケバナ】 ikebana, Japanese art of flower arrangement, fresh flower, natural flower
  • 献花 【ケンカ】 flower offering
  • 花かご 【ハナカゴ】 flower basket, flower basket (or plate) used for flower-scattering rituals
  • 花瓶 【ケビョウ】 vase used to hold flower offerings (often made of gilded copper)
  • 天花 【テンゲ】 flowers that bloom in the heavens, paper flowers scattered before the Buddha's image

Kun reading compounds

  • 花 【はな】 flower, blossom, bloom, petal, cherry blossom, beauty, blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), ikebana, Japanese playing cards, (the) best
  • 花瓶 【かびん】 (flower) vase
  • 言わぬが花 【いわぬがはな】 some things are better left unsaid, silence is golden
  • 紅花 【べにばな】 safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), dyer's safflower

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
hua1
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • flor

Portuguese

  • flor

French

  • fleur
43 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
70 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
9 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
551 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3909 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
328 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
81 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
481 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.18 Japanese for Busy People
255 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
255 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
314 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
641 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2740 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1405 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1894 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1018 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30734P Morohashi
2211 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4980 New Nelson (John Haig)
1009 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1084 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
69 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1956 2001 Kanji
3k4.7 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-4 SKIP code
4421.4 Four corner code
18-54 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
82b1 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 城下 【ジョウカ】 land near a castle, castle town
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下宿 【ゲシュク】 boarding, lodging, boarding house
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下着 【したぎ】 underwear
  • 床下 【ゆかした】 under the floor
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下手 【しもて】 lower part, foot, lower direction, left part of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage right (actor's POV)
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (esp. influence or guidance)
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 home territory of a powerful figure, Imperial Court, businessman's turf, Shogun's headquarters
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train (going away from Tokyo), down-slope, downward going
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 descent, downhill, decline, waning
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge, to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off, to withdraw money from an account, to wear (clothing) for the first time, to fillet (e.g. a fish)
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
string, cord, braid, lace, tape, strap, ribbon
Kun:
ひも
On:
チュウジュウ
Jinmeiyō kanji, used in names

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 紐帯 【チュウタイ】 important connection, important social foundation, close relation, tight relationship, intimate relation, close link

Kun reading compounds

  • 紐 【ひも】 string, cord, man who is financially dependent on a woman (such as a gigolo or, in the case of a prostitute, a pimp), pimp
  • 紐鏡 【ひもかがみ】 small ancient mirror tied with a cord
  • おぶい紐 【おぶいひも】 baby backpack, back-mounted baby carrier, sling
  • 投石紐 【とうせきひも】 sling (weapon)

Readings

Chinese:
niu3
Korean:
nyu

Spanish

Portuguese

French

3504 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1682 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1647 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1190 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
27268 Morohashi
4448 New Nelson (John Haig)
2661 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2703 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
6a4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-4 SKIP code
2791.5 Four corner code
41-19 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d10 Unicode hex code