Jisho

×

6 strokes
Radical:
self
Parts:
oneself
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
19 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 自 【ジ】 self-, from ..., this ... (in contrast to some other ...), aforementioned
  • 自営 【ジエイ】 running one's own business, doing business on one's own, self-employment
  • 出自 【シュツジ】 origin, birthplace, descent, lineage, ancestry, stock
  • 海自 【カイジ】 Maritime Self-Defense Force
  • 自然界 【シゼンカイ】 nature, the natural world, realm of nature
  • 自然 【シゼン】 nature, natural, spontaneous, automatic, naturally, spontaneously, automatically
  • 己がじし 【オノガジシ】 each and every one, individually

Kun reading compounds

  • 自ら 【みずから】 oneself, oneself, for oneself, personally, in person
  • 自ら進んで 【みずからすすんで】 by choice, of one's own free will, on one's own initiative, off one's own bat
  • 自ずから 【おのずから】 naturally, in due course, by itself, of its own accord
  • 自ずから明らか 【おのずからあきらか】 self-evident
  • 自ずと 【おのずと】 naturally, in due course, by itself, of its own accord

Readings

Japanese names:
より
Chinese:
zi4
Korean:
ja

Spanish

  • uno mismo
  • por sí mismo
  • auto-

Portuguese

  • a si próprio

French

  • soi-même
229 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
150 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
134 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
53 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3841 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
60 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
242 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
340 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.19 Japanese for Busy People
62 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
62 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
63 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1587 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4338 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2195 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2954 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
36 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30095 Morohashi
3525 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4900 New Nelson (John Haig)
36 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
36 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
14 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
126 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
879 2001 Kanji
5c1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-2 SKIP code
2600.0 Four corner code
1-28-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
81ea Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
defeat, negative, -, minus, bear, owe, assume a responsibility
Kun:
ま.けるま.かすお.う
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
443 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 負 【フ】 negative, minus
  • 負荷 【フカ】 burden, load (e.g. CPU time, electricity, etc.)
  • 正負 【セイフ】 positive and negative, +-, plus and minus
  • 非負 【ヒフ】 non-negative

Kun reading compounds

  • 負ける 【まける】 to lose, to be defeated, to succumb, to give in, to surrender, to yield, to be inferior to, to break out in a rash due to (e.g. lacquer, shaving, etc.), to reduce the price, to give a discount, to throw in (something extra) for free
  • 負けるが勝ち 【まけるがかち】 he that fights and runs away may live to fight another day, sometimes you have to lose to win, losing is winning
  • 負かす 【まかす】 to defeat
  • 負う 【おう】 to bear, to carry on one's back, to take responsibility for, to accept a duty, to receive (wound), to incur (damage), to be injured, to owe
  • 負うた子に教えられて浅瀬を渡る 【おうたこにおしえられてあさせをわたる】 some things can be learned from the young, a fool may give a wise man counsel, to be led across the shallows by the child on one's shoulders

Readings

Chinese:
fu4
Korean:
bu

Spanish

  • llevar
  • tomar a su cargo
  • deber
  • ser derrotado
  • llevarse la victoria

Portuguese

  • derrotar
  • negativa
  • menos
  • carregar
  • dever a
  • assumir uma responsabilidade

French

  • défaite
  • perdre
  • moins
  • négatif
  • assumer
  • porter sur le dos
  • devoir à quelqu'un
  • faire un rabais
312 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
406 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
383 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
473 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4488 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
503 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
918 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
981 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
510 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
519 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
717 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1722 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2594 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1327 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1799 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
63 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36660X Morohashi
2091 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5769 New Nelson (John Haig)
63 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
67 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
346 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2561 2001 Kanji
2n7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-7-2 SKIP code
2780.6 Four corner code
1-41-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ca0 Unicode hex code