Jisho

×

7 strokes
Radical:
minster, official
Parts:
retainer, subject
On:
シンジン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1249 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 臣 【オミ】 retainer, attendant, Omi (hereditary title; orig. one of the two highest such titles, later demoted to sixth highest of eight), I, me
  • 臣下 【シンカ】 retainer, subject, vassal, servant
  • 忠臣 【チュウシン】 loyal retainer, loyal subject
  • 重臣 【ジュウシン】 chief vassal, senior statesman
  • 国務大臣 【コクムダイジン】 Minister of State
  • 内大臣 【ナイダイジン】 Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal (1885-1945 CE), Minister of the Interior (669-1868 CE)

Readings

Japanese names:
おみ、 たか、 と、 とみ、 み
Chinese:
chen2
Korean:
sin

Spanish

  • criado
  • súbdito

Portuguese

  • servente
  • servo
  • subalterno

French

  • servant
  • serviteur
  • sujet
436 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
543 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
512 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
981 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3837 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
435 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
855 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
527 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
835 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
854 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1003 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1805 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3806 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1948 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2642 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
856 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
30068 Morohashi
3068 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4894 New Nelson (John Haig)
848 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
911 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
484 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3475 2001 Kanji
2t4.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-4 SKIP code
7171.7 Four corner code
31-35 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
81e3 Unicode hex code

20 strokes
Radical:
bamboo 竹 (⺮)
enroll, domiciliary register, membership
On:
セキ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
907 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 籍 【セキ】 one's family register, one's domicile, nationality, membership (club, party, etc.)
  • 籍船 【セキセン】 ship registry
  • 党籍 【トウセキ】 party register, membership in a party
  • 移籍 【イセキ】 transfer (of one's name into another family register), transfer (to another team, company, etc.)

Readings

Chinese:
ji2
Korean:
jeog

Spanish

  • inscripción
  • registro
  • membresía

Portuguese

  • inscrever
  • registro do domicilio
  • sócio

French

  • enrôler
  • domicile
  • registre (état civil, domicile)
  • adhésion
1486 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1463 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3450 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1343 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1609 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1198 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1261 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1058 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1492 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3394 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1750 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2381 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1581 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
26676X Morohashi
2731 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4368 New Nelson (John Haig)
1567 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1689 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1932 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2378 2001 Kanji
6f14.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-14 SKIP code
8896.1 Four corner code
32-50 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7c4d Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
descend, precipitate, fall, surrender
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
596 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 降格 【コウカク】 demotion
  • 降雨 【コウウ】 rainfall, rain
  • 乗降 【ジョウコウ】 getting on and off, embarking and disembarking
  • 投降 【トウコウ】 surrender
  • 降三世明王 【ゴウザンゼミョウオウ】 Trailokyavijaya Vidya-raja, conqueror of the three worlds
  • 降誕会 【ゴウタンエ】 Buddha's Birthday (8th day of the 4th lunar month), service (held on April 8) celebrating the birth of the Buddha.

Kun reading compounds

  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an alter), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降る 【ふる】 to fall (of rain, snow, ash, etc.), to come down, to form (of frost), to beam down (of sunlight or moonlight), to pour in, to visit (of luck, misfortune, etc.), to come, to arrive
  • 降り 【ふり】 rainfall, snowfall, alighting, descending
  • 降りしきる 【ふりしきる】 to fall incessantly (rain, snow, etc.), to downpour
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping

Readings

Japanese names:
ふり、 ふる
Chinese:
jiang4, xiang2
Korean:
hang, gang

Spanish

  • caer
  • bajar
  • descender
  • llover
  • rendirse
  • desde entonces
  • bajarse

Portuguese

  • descer
  • precipitar
  • queda
  • rendição

French

  • descendre
  • pleuvoir
  • précipiter
  • tomber
  • se rendre
873 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
863 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
787 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4994 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
887 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
984 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1058 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
947 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
977 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
136 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
731 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
548 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
335 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
414 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1317 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41620 Morohashi
458 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6450 New Nelson (John Haig)
1308 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1405 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
898 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3655 2001 Kanji
2d7.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
7725.4 Four corner code
25-63 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
964d Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (being in said condition or environment)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar)
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo)
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an alter), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Chinese:
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code