Jisho

×

14 strokes
Radical:
meat 肉 (⺼)
Parts:
membrane
On:
マク
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1804 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 膜 【マク】 membrane, film
  • 膜厚 【マクアツ】 film thickness, coating thickness
  • 角膜 【カクマク】 cornea
  • 網膜 【モウマク】 retina

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mo4, mo2
Korean:
mag, mo

Spanish

  • membrana

Portuguese

  • membrana

French

  • membrane
1834 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1897 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3803 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1379 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1681 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1426 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1515 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1546 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1042 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1345 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
728 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
974 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
238 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
29808P Morohashi
1062 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4854 New Nelson (John Haig)
233 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
248 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1708 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3963 2001 Kanji
4b10.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-10 SKIP code
7423.4 Four corner code
1-43-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
819c Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 低下 【テイカ】 fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
  • 落下 【ラッカ】 fall, drop, descent, coming down
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下宿 【ゲシュク】 boarding, lodging, board and lodging, room and board, boarding house, lodging house, lodgings
  • 値下げ 【ネサゲ】 price reduction, price cut, reduction in price, markdown
  • 卑下 【ヒゲ】 self-abasement, humility, self-depreciation

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下着 【したぎ】 underwear, undergarment, underclothes, lingerie
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下手 【しもて】 lower part, foot, lower direction, left part of the stage (audience's or camera's POV), stage right (actor's POV)
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (someone's) side, (someone's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
container, open mouth
Parts:
exit, leave, go out, come out, put out, protrude
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
13 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 出 【シュツ】 coming out, emerging, being born into (a certain family), being a native of (a particular place)
  • 出演 【シュツエン】 appearance (in a film, play, TV show, etc.), performance
  • 提出 【テイシュツ】 presentation (of documents), submission (of an application, report, etc.), production (e.g. of evidence), introduction (e.g. of a bill), filing, turning in
  • 外出 【ガイシュツ】 going out, outing, leaving (one's home, office, etc.)
  • 出納帳 【スイトウチョウ】 receipt journal
  • 出納 【スイトウ】 receipts and expenditure (disbursements)

Kun reading compounds

  • 出る 【でる】 to leave, to exit, to go out, to come out, to get out, to leave (on a journey), to depart, to start out, to set out, to move forward, to come to, to get to, to lead to, to reach, to appear, to come out, to emerge, to surface, to come forth, to turn up, to be found, to be detected, to be discovered, to be exposed, to show, to be exhibited, to be on display, to appear (in print), to be published, to be announced, to be issued, to be listed, to come out, to attend, to participate, to take part, to enter (an event), to play in, to perform, to be stated, to be expressed, to come up, to be brought up, to be raised, to sell, to exceed, to go over, to stick out, to protrude, to break out, to occur, to start, to originate, to be produced, to come from, to be derived from, to be given, to get, to receive, to be offered, to be provided, to be presented, to be submitted, to be handed in, to be turned in, to be paid, to answer (phone, door, etc.), to get, to assume (an attitude), to act, to behave, to pick up (speed, etc.), to gain, to flow (e.g. tears), to run, to bleed, to graduate, to ejaculate, to cum
  • 出る杭は打たれる 【でるくいはうたれる】 the nail that sticks out gets hammered down, people that stick out too much get punished, tall trees catch much wind, people that excel at something become disliked
  • 出す 【だす】 to take out, to get out, to put out, to reveal, to show, to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in, to publish, to make public, to send (e.g. letter), to produce (a sound), to start (fire), to serve (food), ... out (e.g. to jump out, to carry out), to begin ..., to start to ..., to burst into ...
  • 出すことは舌を出すも嫌い 【だすことはしたをだすもきらい】 being exceptionally stingy
  • 出でる 【いでる】 to go, to come

Readings

Japanese names:
いず、 いづ、 いで、 じ、 すっ、 すつ、 てん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chu1
Korean:
chul, chu

Spanish

  • salir
  • dejar
  • sacar

Portuguese

  • saída
  • deixa

French

  • sortir
  • quitter
  • présence
90 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
29 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
34 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
17 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
97 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
40 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
21 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
523 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
53 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
53 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
185 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
174 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4310 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2180 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2934 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
774 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1811 Morohashi
3498 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
445 New Nelson (John Haig)
767 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
829 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
8 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
41 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1276 2001 Kanji
0a5.22 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-2 SKIP code
2277.2 Four corner code
1-29-48 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
51fa Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
blood
Parts:
blood
Kun:
On:
ケツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
832 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 血液 【ケツエキ】 blood
  • 血圧 【ケツアツ】 blood pressure
  • 輸血 【ユケツ】 blood transfusion
  • 出血 【シュッケツ】 bleeding, haemorrhage, hemorrhage, bleeding money, red ink, selling below cost

Kun reading compounds

  • 血 【ち】 blood, blood, ancestry, lineage, stock, (the) blood, feelings, passions
  • 血筋 【ちすじ】 lineage, stock, descent, strain, blood relationship
  • 生き血 【いきち】 lifeblood
  • 悪血 【あくち】 impure blood

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xie3, xue4
Korean:
hyeol

Spanish

  • sangre
  • consanguinidad

Portuguese

  • sangue

French

  • sang
389 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
288 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
270 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
637 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4205 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
344 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
876 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
337 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
789 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
803 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
928 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1611 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4339 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2196 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2955 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1460 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
33964 Morohashi
3526 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5411 New Nelson (John Haig)
1448 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1556 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
489 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
265 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
874 2001 Kanji
5h1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-2 SKIP code
2710.0 Four corner code
1-23-76 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8840 Unicode hex code