Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
net 网 (罒, ⺲, 罓, ⺳)
Parts:
guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense
Kun:
つみ
On:
ザイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
732 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 罪 【ザイ】 crime
  • 罪悪 【ザイアク】 crime, sin, vice
  • 同罪 【ドウザイ】 same crime, being equally guilty
  • 功罪 【コウザイ】 merits and demerits, good points and bad points, strengths and weaknesses

Kun reading compounds

  • 罪 【つみ】 crime, sin, wrongdoing, indiscretion, penalty, sentence, punishment, fault, responsibility, culpability, thoughtlessness, lack of consideration
  • 罪滅ぼし 【つみほろぼし】 atonement, expiation
  • 無実の罪 【むじつのつみ】 false charge
  • 重い罪 【おもいつみ】 serious crime, grave crime

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zui4
Korean:
joe

Spanish

  • culpabilidad
  • pecado
  • delito
  • crimen
  • defecto
  • culpa

Portuguese

  • culpa
  • pecado
  • crime
  • falta
  • ofensa

French

  • culpabilité
  • péché
  • crime
  • faute
  • responsabilité
  • délit
794 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
713 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
686 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
928 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3643 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
748 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
830 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2006 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
885 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
906 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1047 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1464 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1673 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2264 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1651 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28293 Morohashi
2610 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4644 New Nelson (John Haig)
1636 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1764 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
775 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3654 2001 Kanji
5g8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
6011.1 Four corner code
1-26-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7f6a Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
hinder, hurt, harm
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
742 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 障害者 【ショウガイシャ】 disabled person, handicapped person, person with a (physical or mental) disability
  • 障害 【ショウガイ】 obstacle, impediment, hindrance, difficulty, barrier, handicap, impairment, disability, disorder, malfunction
  • 安全保障 【アンゼンホショウ】 security guarantee (e.g. military security, network security, etc.)
  • 囲障 【イショウ】 fence (esp. between buildings)

Kun reading compounds

  • 障る 【さわる】 to be harmful to, to hinder, to interfere with, to irritate

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhang4
Korean:
jang

Spanish

  • estorbo
  • impedimento
  • obstáculo
  • obstrucción
  • estorbar
  • impedir
  • obstruir
  • obstaculizar

Portuguese

  • impedir
  • ferido
  • dano

French

  • gêne
  • faire du mal
913 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
902 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
676 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5019 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1145 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1880 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
858 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
877 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1028 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
751 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
875 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
504 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
647 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1307 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41821 Morohashi
715 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6479 New Nelson (John Haig)
1297 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1393 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
976 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3655 2001 Kanji
2d11.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
7024.6 Four corner code
1-30-67 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969c Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
extinguish, blow out, turn off, neutralize, cancel
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
345 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 消化 【ショウカ】 digestion (of food), digestion (of information), assimilation, thorough understanding, consumption, absorption, using up, meeting (e.g. a quota), completion, losing one's form and turning into something else
  • 消火 【ショウカ】 fire fighting, extinguishing a fire
  • 費消 【ヒショウ】 spending, consumption, misappropriation, embezzlement
  • 曖昧性解消 【アイマイセイカイショウ】 disambiguation

Kun reading compounds

  • 消える 【きえる】 to disappear, to vanish, to go out of sight, to go away, to become lost, to go out (of a fire, light, etc.), to die, to turn off (e.g. of a TV screen), to fade (of a feeling, impression, etc.), to vanish (e.g. of hope), to go away (e.g. of a smell, itchiness, sleepiness), to disappear, to fade away (e.g. of footsteps), to wear away (e.g. of an inscription), to rub out (of writing), to fade (e.g. of ink), to be lost (e.g. of a tradition), to die out, to disappear
  • 消す 【けす】 to erase, to delete, to cross out, to turn off (power), to switch off, to extinguish, to put out, to bump off

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xiao1
Korean:
so

Spanish

  • extinguirse
  • apagarse
  • desaparecer
  • apagar
  • extinguir

Portuguese

  • extinguir
  • apagar
  • desligar
  • neutralizar
  • cancelar

French

  • éteindre
  • effacer
  • disparaître
  • neutraliser
  • annuler
429 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
332 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
316 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
336 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2574 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
612 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
686 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
845 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
864 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
219 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1194 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
531 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
327 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
402 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
146 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17529P Morohashi
443 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3158 New Nelson (John Haig)
144 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
155 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
458 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
357 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
346 2001 Kanji
3a7.16 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
3912.7 Four corner code
1-30-35 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6d88 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
destroy, ruin, overthrow, perish
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1222 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 滅亡 【メツボウ】 downfall, ruin, collapse, destruction
  • 滅罪 【メツザイ】 expiation
  • 隠滅 【インメツ】 destruction (esp. of evidence), spoliation, suppression, hiding, concealment
  • 衰滅 【スイメツ】 decline, downfall, ruin(ation)

Kun reading compounds

  • 滅びる 【ほろびる】 to go to ruin, to go under, to fall, to be destroyed, to die out, to become extinct, to perish
  • 滅ぶ 【ほろぶ】 to be ruined, to go under, to perish, to be destroyed
  • 滅ぼす 【ほろぼす】 to destroy, to overthrow, to wreck, to ruin

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mie4
Korean:
myeol

Spanish

  • extinguirse
  • apagarse
  • estropearse
  • ser destruido
  • ser devastado
  • estropear
  • destruir
  • devastar
  • demoler

Portuguese

  • destruir
  • arruinar
  • extinguir
  • golpe

French

  • anéantir
  • détruire
  • ruiner
  • renverser
  • périr
1848 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1387 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2660 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1228 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1488 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1338 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1421 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1500 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1237 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
812 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
475 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
606 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
371 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18008 Morohashi
660 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3279 New Nelson (John Haig)
365 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
390 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1642 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
359 2001 Kanji
3a10.26 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
3315.0 Four corner code
1-44-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6ec5 Unicode hex code