Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
net 网 (罒, ⺲, 罓, ⺳)
Parts:
guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense
Kun:
つみ
On:
ザイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
732 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 罪 【ザイ】 crime
  • 罪悪 【ザイアク】 crime, sin, vice
  • 謝罪 【シャザイ】 apology
  • 同罪 【ドウザイ】 same crime, being equally guilty, bearing the same amount of responsibility

Kun reading compounds

  • 罪 【つみ】 crime, sin, wrongdoing, indiscretion, penalty, sentence, punishment, fault, responsibility, culpability, thoughtlessness, lack of consideration
  • 罪滅ぼし 【つみほろぼし】 atonement, expiation
  • 無実の罪 【むじつのつみ】 false charge
  • 重い罪 【おもいつみ】 serious crime, grave crime

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zui4
Korean:
joe

Spanish

  • culpabilidad
  • pecado
  • delito
  • crimen
  • defecto
  • culpa

Portuguese

  • culpa
  • pecado
  • crime
  • falta
  • ofensa

French

  • culpabilité
  • péché
  • crime
  • faute
  • responsabilité
  • délit
794 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
713 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
686 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
928 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3643 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
748 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
830 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2006 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
885 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
906 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1047 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1464 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1673 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2264 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1651 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28293 Morohashi
2610 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4644 New Nelson (John Haig)
1636 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1764 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
775 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3654 2001 Kanji
5g8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
6011.1 Four corner code
1-26-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7f6a Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
net 网 (罒, ⺲, 罓, ⺳)
Parts:
Variants:
penalty, punishment
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1220 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 罰 【バツ】 punishment, penalty
  • 罰一 【バツイチ】 being once divorced, one-time divorcee, one x mark (i.e. one name struck from the family register)
  • 処罰 【ショバツ】 punishment, penalty
  • 懲罰 【チョウバツ】 discipline, punishment, reprimand
  • 罰 【バチ】 (divine) punishment, curse, retribution
  • 罰が当たる 【バチガアタル】 to incur divine punishment, to pay for one's sins, you'll pay for that!, what goes around, comes around
  • 仏罰 【ブツバチ】 punishment by Buddha, divine retribution

Kun reading compounds

  • 罰する 【ばっする】 to punish, to penalize, to penalise

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fa2
Korean:
beol

Spanish

  • pena
  • castigo

Portuguese

  • penalidade
  • punição

French

  • punition
  • châtiment
1709 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1374 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3646 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
936 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1654 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
886 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
907 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1317 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1467 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3228 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1675 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2266 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
841 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28315 Morohashi
2613 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4647 New Nelson (John Haig)
833 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
896 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1726 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3643 2001 Kanji
5g9.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-9 SKIP code
6062.0 Four corner code
1-40-19 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7f70 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
chinquapin, mallet, spine
Kun:
つちう.つ
On:
ツイスイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1911 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 椎間板 【ツイカンバン】 intervertebral disk
  • 椎間板ヘルニア 【ツイカンバンヘルニア】 disk herniation, herniated disk, hernia of intervertebral disk, slipped disk
  • 脊椎 【セキツイ】 spine, vertebral column
  • 腰椎 【ヨウツイ】 lumbar vertebra, lumbar vertebrae

Readings

Japanese names:
しい
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhui1, chui2
Korean:
chu

Spanish

  • roble
  • mazo

Portuguese

French

1314 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2296 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1629 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2116 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1748 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1249 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
679 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
905 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
15024 Morohashi
2742 New Nelson (John Haig)
2505 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
597 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4a8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-8 SKIP code
4091.4 Four corner code
1-36-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
690e Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
name, noted, distinguished, reputation
Kun:
-な
On:
メイミョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
177 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 名 【メイ】 counter for people (usu. seating, reservations and such), first name, famous, great, name, noun
  • 名人 【メイジン】 master, expert
  • 署名 【ショメイ】 signature
  • 命名 【メイメイ】 naming, christening
  • 苗字 【ミョウジ】 surname, family name, last name
  • 名目 【メイモク】 name, title, appellation, (something) nominal, (under the) pretext (of), pretense
  • 大名 【ダイミョウ】 daimyo (Japanese feudal lord)
  • 本名 【ホンミョウ】 real name

Kun reading compounds

  • 名 【な】 name, given name, title, fame, renown, reputation, pretext, pretense, justification, appearance
  • 名前 【なまえ】 name, given name, first name
  • あだ名 【あだな】 nickname
  • 片仮名 【かたかな】 katakana, angular Japanese syllabary used primarily for loanwords

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • nombre
  • célebre
  • distinguido
  • reputación

Portuguese

  • nome
  • fama
  • distinção
  • reputação

French

  • nom
  • célèbre
  • fameux
  • réputation
140 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
55 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
71 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
116 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1170 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
131 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
34 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
346 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
82 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
82 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
82 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
285 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2693 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1371 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1857 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
113 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3297 Morohashi
2169 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
716 New Nelson (John Haig)
112 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
117 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
140 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
53 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2577 2001 Kanji
3d3.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-3 SKIP code
4-6-1 SKIP code
3-3-3 SKIP code
2760.0 Four corner code
1-44-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
540d Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
grove, forest
Kun:
はやし
On:
リン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N2
656 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 林立 【リンリツ】 standing close together, bristling (with)
  • 林道 【リンドウ】 path through forest, woodland path, logging road
  • 植林 【ショクリン】 afforestation
  • 山林 【サンリン】 mountain forest, forest on a mountain, montane forest, mountains and forest

Kun reading compounds

  • 林 【はやし】 wood, woods, forest, grove, copse, thicket, bunch (of something), cluster, line, collection

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lin2
Korean:
rim

Spanish

  • arboleda
  • soto

Portuguese

  • bosque
  • floresta

French

  • bois (petite forêt)
  • bois
150 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
64 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
75 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
420 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2210 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
57 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
197 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
633 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
127 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
127 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
459 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1081 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1071 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
577 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
765 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
200 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14551 Morohashi
861 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2590 New Nelson (John Haig)
196 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
208 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1864 2001 Kanji
4a4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
4499.0 Four corner code
1-46-51 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6797 Unicode hex code

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 西洋林檎 【セイヨウリンゴ】 apple (Malus domestica)
  • 冬林檎 【フユリンゴ】 apple sold during the winter, winter apple

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qin2
Korean:
geum

Spanish

Portuguese

French

2382 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1386 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1004 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
15657X Morohashi
2888 New Nelson (John Haig)
2050 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2207 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
4a12.17 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-13 SKIP code
4892.7 Four corner code
1-24-73 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6a8e Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
say
Parts:
bend, music, melody, composition, pleasure, injustice, fault, curve, crooked, perverse, lean
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
810 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 曲 【キョク】 composition, piece of music, song, track (on a record), tune, melody, air, enjoyment, fun, interest, pleasure
  • 曲目 【キョクモク】 name of a piece of music, (musical) number, (musical) program, programme, selection (of music), list of songs
  • 作曲 【サッキョク】 composition (of music), setting, writing music
  • 選曲 【センキョク】 selection of music, song selection

Kun reading compounds

  • 曲がる 【まがる】 to bend, to curve, to warp, to wind, to twist, to turn, to be awry, to be askew, to be crooked
  • 曲げる 【まげる】 to bend, to crook, to bow, to curve, to curl, to lean, to tilt, to incline, to slant, to bend (the truth), to distort, to twist, to pervert, to yield (a point), to depart (from a principle), to ignore (what one really thinks), to pawn
  • 隈 【くま】 corner, nook, recess, shade, shadow, dark area, dark circles (under the eyes), dark rings, shading, gradation, kumadori, style of kabuki makeup used for violent roles

Readings

Japanese names:
まがた
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qu3, qu1
Korean:
gog

Spanish

  • melodía
  • curva
  • encorvado
  • torcer
  • doblar
  • torcerse
  • girarse

Portuguese

  • tender
  • música
  • melodia
  • composição
  • prazer
  • injustiça
  • falta
  • curva
  • tortuoso
  • perverso
  • inclinar

French

  • courber
  • musique
  • mélodie
  • composition
  • plaisir
  • injustice
  • faute
  • malhonnête
  • pervers
  • pencher
381 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
279 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
261 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
604 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
103 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
715 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
609 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
327 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
366 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
367 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
625 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
996 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4340 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2197 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2956 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1180 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14280 Morohashi
3527 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2418 New Nelson (John Haig)
1172 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1256 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
264 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1976 2001 Kanji
0a6.27 The Kanji Dictionary
4-6-2 SKIP code
5560.0 Four corner code
1-22-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
66f2 Unicode hex code