Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
net 网 (罒, ⺲, 罓, ⺳)
Parts:
guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense
Kun:
つみ
On:
ザイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
732 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 罪 【ザイ】 crime
  • 罪悪 【ザイアク】 crime, sin, vice
  • 同罪 【ドウザイ】 same crime, being equally guilty
  • 功罪 【コウザイ】 merits and demerits, good points and bad points, strengths and weaknesses

Kun reading compounds

  • 罪 【つみ】 crime, sin, wrongdoing, indiscretion, penalty, sentence, punishment, fault, responsibility, culpability, thoughtlessness, lack of consideration
  • 罪滅ぼし 【つみほろぼし】 atonement, expiation
  • 無実の罪 【むじつのつみ】 false charge
  • 重い罪 【おもいつみ】 serious crime, grave crime

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zui4
Korean:
joe

Spanish

  • culpabilidad
  • pecado
  • delito
  • crimen
  • defecto
  • culpa

Portuguese

  • culpa
  • pecado
  • crime
  • falta
  • ofensa

French

  • culpabilité
  • péché
  • crime
  • faute
  • responsabilité
  • délit
794 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
713 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
686 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
928 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3643 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
748 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
830 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2006 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
885 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
906 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1047 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1464 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1673 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2264 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1651 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28293 Morohashi
2610 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4644 New Nelson (John Haig)
1636 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1764 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
775 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3654 2001 Kanji
5g8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
6011.1 Four corner code
1-26-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7f6a Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
dog 犬 (犭)
Parts:
status quo, conditions, circumstances, form, appearance
On:
ジョウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
298 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 状 【ジョウ】 form, shape, appearance, state, condition, circumstances, letter, correspondence
  • 状況 【ジョウキョウ】 state of affairs (around you), situation, circumstances
  • 内情 【ナイジョウ】 internal conditions, true state of affairs
  • 形状 【ケイジョウ】 shape, form

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhuang4
Korean:
jang, sang

Spanish

  • estado
  • condición
  • circunstancias
  • situación

Portuguese

  • condicional
  • condições
  • circunstâncias
  • formulário
  • aparecimento

French

  • état des choses
  • conditions
  • circonstances
  • lettre
  • forme
  • apparence
818 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
739 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
717 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
414 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2839 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
512 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
727 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
365A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
626 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
636 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
829 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1296 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
322 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
204 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
244 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
244 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
20257 Morohashi
272 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3556 New Nelson (John Haig)
239 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
254 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
430 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
672 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1263 2001 Kanji
2b5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
3313.4 Four corner code
1-30-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
72b6 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
Variants:
twist, ask, investigate, verify
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1820 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 糾合 【キュウゴウ】 rally, muster
  • 糾弾 【キュウダン】 censure, denunciation, (verbal) attack, blaming
  • 紛糾 【フンキュウ】 complication, confusion, disorder

Kun reading compounds

  • 糺す 【ただす】 to ascertain, to confirm, to verify, to make sure of

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiu1, jiu3
Korean:
gyu, gyo

Spanish

  • reunir
  • retorcer
  • enredar
  • investigar
  • examinar

Portuguese

  • torcer
  • perguntar
  • investigar
  • verificar

French

  • entortiller
  • demander
  • enquêter
  • vérifier
1151 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1739 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3498 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1640 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1618 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1422 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1703 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1819 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1561 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1514 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1631 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
858 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1176 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1523 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27227 Morohashi
1278 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4438 New Nelson (John Haig)
1509 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1627 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1289 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2755 2001 Kanji
6a3.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
2490.0 Four corner code
2290.0 Four corner code
1-21-74 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7cfe Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 明 【メイ】 brightness, discernment, insight, an eye (for), eyesight, vision, nth year in the Meiji era (1868.9.8-1912.7.30)
  • 明暗 【メイアン】 light and darkness, light and shade
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 英明 【エイメイ】 intelligent, wise, bright, brilliant, clear-sighted
  • 明 【ミョウ】 vidya (wisdom), mantra, the coming (July 4, etc.)
  • 明日 【アシタ】 tomorrow, near future
  • 光明 【コウミョウ】 bright light, hope, bright future, light emanating from a buddha or bodhisattva, symbolizing their wisdom and compassion
  • 内明 【ナイミョウ】 adhyatmavidya (inner studies, ancient Indian philosophy)
  • 明 【ミン】 Ming dynasty (China, 1368-1644)
  • 明楽 【ミンガク】 Ming-era Chinese music (popularized in Japan during the early 17th century)

Kun reading compounds

  • 明かり 【あかり】 light, illumination, glow, gleam, lamp, light
  • 明り先 【あかりさき】 source of light
  • 明るい 【あかるい】 light, well-lit, well-lighted, bright (of a colour), brightly-coloured, brightly-colored, cheerful, bright, spirited, sunny (e.g. disposition), encouraging (for the future of a project, etc.), promising, of fair prospects, familiar (with), knowledgeable (about), well versed (in), fair (e.g. politics), clean, impartial
  • 明るむ 【あかるむ】 to brighten, to grow light
  • 明らむ 【あからむ】 to become luminous at dawn (esp. the sky)
  • 明らか 【あきらか】 clear, obvious, evident, plain, definite, bright, light
  • 明らかにする 【あきらかにする】 to make clear, to clarify, to disclose, to make public
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • 明くる 【あくる】 next (day, morning, etc.), following
  • あくる日 【あくるひ】 next day, following day
  • 明かす 【あかす】 to pass (the night), to spend, to reveal, to divulge, to disclose, to expose, to prove, to verify

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 あけ、 あす、 きら、 け、 さや、 さやか、 とし、 はる、 み、 め
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ming2
Korean:
myeong

Spanish

  • luz
  • brillo
  • claridad
  • listo
  • inteligente
  • claro
  • luminoso
  • iluminar
  • aclarar

Portuguese

  • brilhante
  • luz

French

  • clair
  • lumière
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
228 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
208 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
84 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2110 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
58 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
186 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
623 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.9 Japanese for Busy People
18 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
18 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
106 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
984 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1060 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
572 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
756 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
20 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13805 Morohashi
855 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2435 New Nelson (John Haig)
20 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
20 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
152 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
167 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3846 2001 Kanji
4c4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
6702.0 Four corner code
1-44-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
660e Unicode hex code