Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
net 网 (罒, ⺲, 罓, ⺳)
Parts:
guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense
Kun:
つみ
On:
ザイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
732 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 罪 【ザイ】 crime
  • 罪悪 【ザイアク】 crime, sin, vice
  • 同罪 【ドウザイ】 same crime, being equally guilty
  • 功罪 【コウザイ】 merits and demerits, good points and bad points, strengths and weaknesses

Kun reading compounds

  • 罪 【つみ】 crime, sin, wrongdoing, indiscretion, penalty, sentence, punishment, fault, responsibility, culpability, thoughtlessness, lack of consideration
  • 罪滅ぼし 【つみほろぼし】 atonement, expiation
  • 無実の罪 【むじつのつみ】 false charge
  • 重い罪 【おもいつみ】 serious crime, grave crime

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zui4
Korean:
joe

Spanish

  • culpabilidad
  • pecado
  • delito
  • crimen
  • defecto
  • culpa

Portuguese

  • culpa
  • pecado
  • crime
  • falta
  • ofensa

French

  • culpabilité
  • péché
  • crime
  • faute
  • responsabilité
  • délit
794 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
713 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
686 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
928 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3643 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
748 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
830 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2006 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
885 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
906 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1047 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1464 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1673 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2264 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1651 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28293 Morohashi
2610 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4644 New Nelson (John Haig)
1636 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1764 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
775 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3654 2001 Kanji
5g8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
6011.1 Four corner code
1-26-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7f6a Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
punish, penalty, sentence, punishment
On:
ケイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
864 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 刑 【ケイ】 penalty, sentence, punishment
  • 刑事 【ケイジ】 (police) detective, criminal matter
  • 量刑 【リョウケイ】 judge's sentence, assessment of a case
  • 求刑 【キュウケイ】 recommended sentence, prosecution's demand for punishment

Readings

Japanese names:
おさか、 ぎょう
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xing2
Korean:
hyeong

Spanish

  • pena
  • sentencia
  • castigo

Portuguese

  • Punir
  • penalidade
  • sentença
  • punição

French

  • peine
  • sanction
  • condamnation
  • punition
1193 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
848 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
670 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1001 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1091 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
258 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
887 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
908 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1052 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
185 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1024 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
555 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
734 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
686 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1886 Morohashi
830 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
461 New Nelson (John Haig)
679 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
734 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1061 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3243 2001 Kanji
2f4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-2 SKIP code
1240.0 Four corner code
1-23-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5211 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
Variants:
method, law, rule, principle, model, system
Kun:
のり
On:
ホウハッホッフラン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
100 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 法 【ホウ】 law, act, principle, method, mood, dharma, law
  • 法案 【ホウアン】 bill (law), measure
  • 航法 【コウホウ】 sailing, navigation
  • 会社更生法 【カイシャコウセイホウ】 Corporate Rehabilitation Law
  • 法被 【ハッピ】 happi coat, happy coat, workman's livery coat, traditional Japanese straight-sleeved coat
  • 法度 【ハット】 law, ban, prohibition, ordinance
  • 法師 【ホウシ】 Buddhist priest, bonze, layman dressed like a priest, person
  • 法華経 【ホケキョウ】 Lotus Sutra

Kun reading compounds

  • 法の筵 【のりのむしろ】 preaching place
  • 法面 【のりめん】 slope (e.g. of embankment)
  • 内法 【うちのり】 inside measure
  • 外法 【そとのり】 outside measurements

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fa3, fa4
Korean:
beob

Spanish

  • método
  • ley
  • doctrina

Portuguese

  • método
  • lei
  • regra
  • princípio
  • modelo
  • sistema

French

  • méthode
  • loi
  • règle
  • principe
  • modèle
  • système
513 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
612 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
584 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
145 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2535 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
213 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
676 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
824 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
123 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
123 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
518 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1181 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
391 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
248 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
295 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
758 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17290 Morohashi
333 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3107 New Nelson (John Haig)
751 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
813 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
100 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
516 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
371 2001 Kanji
3a5.20 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3413.1 Four corner code
1-43-01 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cd5 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
determine, fix, establish, decide
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
48 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 定価 【テイカ】 list price, regular price, established price
  • 定員 【テイイン】 fixed number (of people), prescribed number (of regular personnel, students, etc.), quota, numerical limit, complement, capacity (of a bus, boat, theatre, etc.), seating capacity
  • 裁定 【サイテイ】 decision, ruling, award, arbitration
  • 改定 【カイテイ】 revision (of a rule, price, etc.), alteration, change
  • 定 【ジョウ】 certainty, reality, actuality, regular, permanent, samadhi (state of intense concentration achieved through meditation)
  • 定住 【テイジュウ】 settlement, permanent residency
  • 不定 【フジョウ】 uncertainty, insecurity, inconstancy, indefinite, undecided
  • 改定 【カイテイ】 revision (of a rule, price, etc.), alteration, change

Kun reading compounds

  • 定める 【さだめる】 to decide, to determine, to establish, to lay down, to prescribe, to provide, to stipulate, to bring peace (to), to make peaceful
  • 定まる 【さだまる】 to become settled, to be fixed
  • 定か 【さだか】 definite, sure

Readings

Japanese names:
さた
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ding4
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • determinar
  • establecer
  • decidir

Portuguese

  • determinar
  • fixar
  • estabelecer
  • decidir

French

  • déterminé
  • fixé
  • établi
  • décidé
474 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
371 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
351 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
62 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1296 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
218 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
464 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
677 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
355 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
356 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
289 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
473 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2770 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1420 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1916 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
388 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7109 Morohashi
2229 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1323 New Nelson (John Haig)
382 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
408 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
93 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
308 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
770 2001 Kanji
3m5.8 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
3080.1 Four corner code
1-36-74 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b9a Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
dot
Parts:
lord, chief, master, main thing, principal
Kun:
ぬしおもあるじ
On:
シュシュウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
95 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord, the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 首位 【シュイ】 first place, head position, leading position
  • 自主 【ジシュ】 independence, autonomy, self-reliance
  • 盟主 【メイシュ】 leader (of an alliance), leading power
  • 主 【ス】 honorific (or familiar) suffix used after a name
  • 法主 【ホッス】 high priest
  • 座主 【ザス】 temple's head priest
  • 主 【シュ】 (one's) master, Lord, the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
  • 主従 【シュウジュウ】 master and servant, lord and retainer, employer and employee

Kun reading compounds

  • 主 【ぬし】 head (of a household, etc.), leader, master, owner, proprietor, proprietress, subject (of a rumour, etc.), doer (of a deed), guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers), long-time resident (or employee, etc.), husband, you
  • 馬主 【うまぬし】 owner of a horse (esp. racehorse), registered owner (of a racehorse)
  • 船主 【せんしゅ】 shipowner
  • 主 【おも】 chief, main, principal, important, main secondary or supporting role (in kyogen)
  • 主に 【おもに】 mainly, primarily
  • 主 【あるじ】 head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady, master (of a servant), entertaining someone as one's guest
  • 女主 【おんなあるじ】 female owner, proprietress, landlady
  • 坊の主 【ぼうのあるじ】 master of the priests quarters

Readings

Japanese names:
かず、 ず、 もん
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhu3
Korean:
ju

Spanish

  • señor
  • jefe
  • dueño
  • patrón

Portuguese

  • senhor
  • chefe
  • mestre
  • coisa principal
  • principal

French

  • maître
  • seigneur
  • chef
  • principal
  • propriétaire
  • mari
237 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
315 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
299 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
91 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
285 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
49 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
106 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
196 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.10 Japanese for Busy People
155 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
155 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
70 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
19 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2437 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1231 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
272 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
100 Morohashi
1938 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
38 New Nelson (John Haig)
266 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
284 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
34 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
252 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
472 2001 Kanji
4f1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-1-4 SKIP code
4-5-2 SKIP code
2-2-3 SKIP code
0010.4 Four corner code
1-28-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e3b Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
sheep 羊 (⺶)
Parts:
righteousness, justice, morality, honor, loyalty, meaning
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
415 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 義 【ギ】 morality, righteousness, justice, honour (honor), meaning, teachings, doctrine, nonconsanguineous relationship (i.e. of in-laws), prosthesis
  • 義援金 【ギエンキン】 donation money (esp. disaster relief or charity), contribution
  • 疑義 【ギギ】 doubt
  • 大義 【タイギ】 great cause, moral law, justice

Readings

Japanese names:
ただし、 ちか、 のり、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yi4
Korean:
eui

Spanish

  • moralidad
  • lealtad
  • significado
  • artificial
  • no consanguíneo

Portuguese

  • retidão
  • justiça
  • moralidade
  • honra
  • lealdade
  • significado

French

  • vertu
  • justice
  • moralité
  • honneur
  • loyauté
  • signification
580 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
674 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
645 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
287 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3668 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
244 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1658 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1975 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
291 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
291 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
493 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1568 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2948 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1514 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2052 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
648 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28504 Morohashi
2338 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4668 New Nelson (John Haig)
641 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
691 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
62 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
771 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
959 2001 Kanji
2o11.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-10 SKIP code
2-6-7 SKIP code
2-2-11 SKIP code
8055.3 Four corner code
1-21-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7fa9 Unicode hex code