Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
promise, approximately, shrink
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
94 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 約 【ヤク】 approximately, about, promise, appointment, engagement, shortening, reduction, simplification, contraction (in phonetics)
  • 約束 【ヤクソク】 promise, agreement, arrangement, one's word, contract, pact, appointment, engagement, date, convention, rule, destiny, fate
  • 締約 【テイヤク】 conclusion of a treaty
  • 成約 【セイヤク】 conclusion of a contract

Kun reading compounds

  • 約まる 【つづまる】 to compress, to shrink
  • 約める 【つづめる】 to abridge, to shorten, to economize
  • 約やか 【つづまやか】 concise, brief, humble, frugal, modest, discrete

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yue1, yao1
Korean:
yag, yo

Spanish

  • promesa
  • aproximadamente
  • encogerse
  • economizar

Portuguese

  • promessa
  • aproximadamente
  • recuar

French

  • environ
  • promettre
  • abréger
  • raccourcir
726 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
621 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
591 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
137 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3499 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
451 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
808 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2.12 Japanese for Busy People
211 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
211 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
381 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1516 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1632 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
860 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1177 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1374 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27242X Morohashi
1280 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4440 New Nelson (John Haig)
1362 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1462 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
258 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
534 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2752 2001 Kanji
6a3.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
2792.0 Four corner code
1-44-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d04 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
bundle, sheaf, ream, tie in bundles, govern, manage, control
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
918 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 束 【ソク】 lattice, counter for large bundles (e.g. 10 sheafs of rice, 200 sheets of calligraphy paper, 20 whistling arrows, 100 fish), handbreadth (unit for measuring the length of arrows)
  • 束縛 【ソクバク】 restraint, restriction, fetters, yoke, shackles, binding, confinement with rope
  • 結束 【ケッソク】 union, unity, solidarity, bundling, binding, tying, putting on (clothes, armour, etc.)
  • 口約束 【クチヤクソク】 verbal promise, one's word

Kun reading compounds

  • 束 【たば】 bundle, bunch, sheaf
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 鍵束 【かぎたば】 bunch of keys
  • 麦束 【むぎたば】 wheat sheaf, stacked wheat
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 束 【つか】 strut, short vertical post, thickness (of a book minus the cover, a sheaf of paper, etc.), handbreadth, bundle
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)
  • 不束 【ふつつか】 inexperienced, incompetent, inept, incapable, careless
  • 矢束 【やつか】 arrow length, bundle of arrows
  • 束ねる 【たばねる】 to tie up in a bundle (e.g. straw, hair, bills, letters), to bundle, to sheathe, to govern, to manage, to control, to administer, to fold (one's arms), to put together (one's hands)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shu4
Korean:
sog

Spanish

  • manojo
  • legajo (papeles)
  • haz (leños)
  • gavilla
  • racimo
  • bobina

Portuguese

  • pacote
  • molho
  • feixe
  • amarra em pacotes
  • governar
  • administrar

French

  • fagot
  • gerbe
  • bouquet
  • promesse
  • mettre en liasse
  • rame (papier)
  • gouverner
  • diriger
  • contrôler
561 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
1535 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
998 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
196 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1126 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
620 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
536 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
501 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
510 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
382 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1051 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4369 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2214 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2978 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1680 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14480 Morohashi
3554 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2559 New Nelson (John Haig)
1664 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1793 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
486 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1564 2001 Kanji
0a7.8 The Kanji Dictionary
4-7-3 SKIP code
5090.6 Four corner code
1-34-11 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
675f Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
pestle
Parts:
Variants:
year, counter for years
Kun:
とし
On:
ネン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
6 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 年 【ネン】 year, counter for years (e.g. of an era), grades (e.g. school), period of an apprentice's contract (usu. ten years)
  • 年会 【ネンカイ】 conference, annual convention
  • 往年 【オウネン】 years gone by, earlier years, former years, the past
  • 平年 【ヘイネン】 non-leap year, normal year (esp. as pertains to weather patterns, vegetative growth, harvest yields, etc.)

Kun reading compounds

  • 年 【とし】 year, age, years, past one's prime, old age
  • 年明け 【としあけ】 beginning of the year, early in the New Year
  • いい年 【いいとし】 mature age, advanced age, maturity, age when one is old enough to know better
  • 御年 【おんとし】 age (esp. advanced)

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nian2
Korean:
nyeon

Spanish

  • año
  • edad

Portuguese

  • Ano

French

  • année
  • compteur d'années
126 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
64 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
3 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
188 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
64 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
51 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
342 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
45 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
45 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
24 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
574 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2528 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1284 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1752 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1045 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
9168 Morohashi
2035 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1593 New Nelson (John Haig)
1036 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1114 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
13 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
51 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2355 2001 Kanji
0a6.16 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-4 SKIP code
4-6-3 SKIP code
8050.0 Four corner code
1-39-15 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e74 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
sun, day
Parts:
reflect, reflection, projection
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N4
404 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 映画館 【エイガカン】 movie theatre, movie theater, cinema
  • 映画 【エイガ】 movie, film
  • 大映 【ダイエイ】 Daiei Motion Picture Company
  • 開映 【カイエイ】 beginning of a screening (at a movie theatre), starting a screening

Kun reading compounds

  • 映る 【うつる】 to be reflected, to harmonize with (harmonise), to come out (photo), to be projected, to be displayed (on a screen)
  • 映す 【うつす】 to project, to reflect, to cast (shadow)
  • 映える 【はえる】 to shine, to glow, to look attractive, to look nice, to be set off (by)

Readings

Japanese names:
あきら、 え、 てる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ying4
Korean:
yeong

Spanish

  • reflejo
  • reflexión
  • reflejar
  • reflejarse
  • proyectarse
  • proyectar

Portuguese

  • reflitir
  • reflexão
  • projeção

French

  • projection
  • refléter
  • réflexion
830 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
813 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
234 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2118 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
910 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
187 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
840 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
352 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
353 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
234 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
985 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1104 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
600 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
793 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1758 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13838 Morohashi
892 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2448 New Nelson (John Haig)
1742 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1879 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
368 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
876 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3863 2001 Kanji
4c5.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-5 SKIP code
6503.0 Four corner code
1-17-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6620 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
field
Parts:
Variants:
brush-stroke, picture
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
199 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 絵 【エ】 picture, drawing, painting, sketch, image (TV, film, etc.), picture, footage
  • 画家 【ガカ】 painter, artist
  • 洋画 【ヨウガ】 Western painting, Western film, Western movie
  • 邦画 【ホウガ】 Japanese film, Japanese painting
  • 画 【カク】 stroke (of a kanji, etc.)
  • 描く 【エガク】 to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe, to picture in one's mind, to imagine, to form a certain shape (e.g. path of an action, appearance of an object, etc.)
  • 参画 【サンカク】 taking part (in planning), participation
  • 家族計画 【カゾクケイカク】 family planning
  • 絵 【エ】 picture, drawing, painting, sketch, image (TV, film, etc.), picture, footage
  • 描く 【エガク】 to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe, to picture in one's mind, to imagine, to form a certain shape (e.g. path of an action, appearance of an object, etc.)
  • 似顔絵 【ニガオエ】 portrait, likeness, sketch (of a face)
  • 影絵 【カゲエ】 shadow picture, silhouette, shadowgraph

Kun reading compounds

  • 描く 【えがく】 to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe, to picture in one's mind, to imagine, to form a certain shape (e.g. path of an action, appearance of an object, etc.)
  • 画する 【かくする】 to draw (a line), to demarcate, to mark, to divide, to map out, to plan

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa, hoeg

Spanish

  • dibujo
  • trazo
  • puntuar
  • interrumpir

Portuguese

  • gravura

French

  • trait de plume
  • dessin
  • écran
  • compteur de traits de kanji
167 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
91 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
85 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
150 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
50 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
477 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
222 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
991 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
343 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
343 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
235 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
176 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3723 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1904 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2586 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1178 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21739P Morohashi
3000 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3733 New Nelson (John Haig)
1170 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1254 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
176 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
155 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3175 2001 Kanji
0a8.7 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-6 SKIP code
1077.2 Four corner code
1-18-72 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
753b Unicode hex code