Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空域 【クウイキ】 airspace
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace
  • 防空 【ボウクウ】 air defense, air defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • 空模様 【そらもよう】 look of the sky, weather
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 晴れた空 【はれたそら】 clear sky, cloudless sky
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空手 【からて】 karate, empty handed
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
1-22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
weapon, lance
Parts:
Variants:
husk, nut shell
Kun:
からがら
On:
カクコクバイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1892 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 殻 【カク】 shell (e.g. electron shell)
  • 殻構造 【カクコウゾウ】 shell structure
  • 地殻 【チカク】 (Earth's) crust
  • 介殻 【カイカク】 sea shell
  • 枸橘 【カラタチ】 trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), hardy orange
  • 船殻 【センコク】 hull

Kun reading compounds

  • 殻 【から】 shell, husk, hull, pod, chaff
  • 殻竿 【からざお】 flail (for threshing grain)
  • 雪花菜 【おから】 okara, soy pulp, tofu dregs, edible pulp separated from soybean milk in the production of tofu
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 殻 【がら】 chicken bones (e.g. for soup), chicken carcass, poor-quality coke (coal), left-overs, remnants
  • 灰殻 【はいがら】 ashes
  • 燃え殻 【もえがら】 embers, cinders, burnt residue, combustion residue

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ke2, qiao4
Korean:
gag

Spanish

  • concha
  • cáscara
  • casco (buque)

Portuguese

  • casca
  • concha de noz

French

  • coquille
  • enveloppe (grain)
1075 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1869 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2456 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1832 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1455 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1728 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1846 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1626 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1141 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1883 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1000 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1354 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
717 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1490 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2996 New Nelson (John Haig)
710 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
767 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1451 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1468 2001 Kanji
3p8.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-4 SKIP code
4724.7 Four corner code
1-19-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6bbb Unicode hex code