9 strokes
smash, break, crush, familiar, popular
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1579 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 砕石 【サイセキ】 crushed stone, macadam, crushing (rock)
  • 砕岩機 【サイガンキ】 rock crusher
  • 破砕 【ハサイ】 crushing (into pieces), smashing, cracking, breaking up
  • 玉砕 【ギョクサイ】 honorable death, death without surrender, honorable defeat, trying but being utterly beaten, being completely rejected when professing one's love

Kun reading compounds

  • 砕く 【くだく】 to break (into pieces), to smash, to crush, to shatter, to grind (into powder), to pound, to shatter (someone's hopes, confidence, etc.), to crush, to frustrate, to simplify, to make easy to understand
  • 砕ける 【くだける】 to break (into pieces), to be broken, to be smashed, to collapse, to crumble, to decline, to cool (e.g. enthusiasm), to dampen (e.g. one's will to fight), to become less formal, to throw off reserve, to become affable, to become easy to understand (e.g. a story), to be worried


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • destrozar
  • romper
  • aplastar
  • despedazar


  • quebrar
  • quebrado
  • esmagar
  • popular
  • familiar


  • fracasser
  • casser
  • briser
  • familier (informel)
  • populaire
1287 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1695 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3179 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1467 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1568 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1710 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1827 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1550 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1400 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1458 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
773 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1048 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
117 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
24080P Morohashi
1134 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3990 New Nelson (John Haig)
116 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
121 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1287 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3355 2001 Kanji
5a4.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-4 SKIP code
1464.1 Four corner code
1-26-53 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7815 Unicode hex code