Jisho

×

13 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
drowsy, sleep, die
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1739 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 睡眠 【スイミン】 sleep
  • 睡魔 【スイマ】 sleepiness, drowsiness, the sandman, Morpheus
  • 昏睡 【コンスイ】 coma, dead sleep
  • 仮睡 【カスイ】 nap, siesta

Kun reading compounds

  • 眠る 【ねむる】 to sleep (not necessarily lying down), to die, to lie idle (e.g. of resources), to be dormant, to be unused, to close one's eyes
  • 眠い 【ねむい】 sleepy, drowsy, somnolent

Readings

Chinese:
shui4
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • somnolencia
  • dormir
  • dormitar

Portuguese

  • sonolento
  • sono
  • morte

French

  • ensommeillé
  • dormir
  • mourir
1459 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1742 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3149 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1521 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1562 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1071 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1118 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
977 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1389 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1535 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
813 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1108 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1597 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23448 Morohashi
1200 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3948 New Nelson (John Haig)
1583 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1707 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1650 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3972 2001 Kanji
5c8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-8 SKIP code
6201.4 Four corner code
31-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7761 Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
eye
Parts:
sleep, die, sleepy
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
1315 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 眠剤 【ミンザイ】 sleeping pills
  • 冬眠 【トウミン】 hibernation, winter sleep, torpor
  • 安眠 【アンミン】 sound sleep, good sleep, quiet sleep

Kun reading compounds

  • 眠る 【ねむる】 to sleep (not necessarily lying down), to die, to lie idle (e.g. of resources), to be dormant, to be unused, to close one's eyes
  • 眠い 【ねむい】 sleepy, drowsy, somnolent

Readings

Japanese names:
Chinese:
mian2
Korean:
myeon

Spanish

  • somnoliento
  • tener sueño
  • sonmoliento
  • dormir

Portuguese

  • sono
  • morrer
  • sonolento

French

  • dormir
  • somnolent
  • mourir
1842 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1298 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3132 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1144 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
762 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1376 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.17 Japanese for Busy People
849 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
868 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
978 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1386 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1474 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
782 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1061 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1852 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23240 Morohashi
1147 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3925 New Nelson (John Haig)
1835 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1977 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1371 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3956 2001 Kanji
5c5.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-5 SKIP code
6704.7 Four corner code
44-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7720 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
hinder, hurt, harm
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
742 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 障害者 【ショウガイシャ】 (physically) handicapped person, disabled person
  • 障害 【ショウガイ】 obstacle, impediment, hindrance, difficulty, barrier, handicap, impairment, disability, disorder, malfunction
  • 安全保障 【アンゼンホショウ】 security guarantee (e.g. military security, network security, etc.)
  • 囲障 【イショウ】 fence (esp. between buildings)

Kun reading compounds

  • 障る 【さわる】 to be harmful to, to hinder, to interfere with, to irritate

Readings

Chinese:
zhang4
Korean:
jang

Spanish

  • estorbo
  • impedimento
  • obstáculo
  • obstrucción
  • estorbar
  • impedir
  • obstruir
  • obstaculizar

Portuguese

  • impedir
  • ferido
  • dano

French

  • gêne
  • faire du mal
913 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
902 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
676 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5019 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1145 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1880 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
858 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
877 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1028 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
751 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
875 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
504 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
647 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1307 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41821 Morohashi
715 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6479 New Nelson (John Haig)
1297 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1393 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
976 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3655 2001 Kanji
2d11.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
7024.6 Four corner code
30-67 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
969c Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
harm, injury
On:
ガイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
358 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 害 【ガイ】 injury, harm, evil influence, damage
  • 害虫 【ガイチュウ】 harmful insect, noxious insect, vermin, pest
  • 薬害 【ヤクガイ】 harmful side effects of a medicine or drug
  • 傷害 【ショウガイ】 wound, injury, accident, casualty, assault, inflicting bodily injury

Readings

Chinese:
hai4
Korean:
hae, hal

Spanish

  • desastre
  • obstáculo
  • daño
  • lesión

Portuguese

  • dano
  • injúria

French

  • tort
  • mal
  • blessure
362 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
460 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
437 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
425 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1306 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
450 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
468 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1181 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
518 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
527 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
785 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
481 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2826 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1457 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1962 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1565 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7165 Morohashi
2272 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1333 New Nelson (John Haig)
1551 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1671 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
428 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
538 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.1 Four corner code
19-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bb3 Unicode hex code