Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
dog 犬 (犭)
Parts:
crime, sin, offense
Kun:
おか.す
On:
ハンボン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
874 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 犯 【ハン】 perpetrators of (some) crime, (some type of) crime
  • 犯行 【ハンコウ】 crime, criminal act, offence, offense
  • 共犯 【キョウハン】 complicity
  • 防犯 【ボウハン】 prevention of crime, security (device, camera, etc.)
  • 違犯 【イハン】 offense (against the law), offence, violation
  • 重犯 【ジュウハン】 felony, major offence, felon, old offender

Kun reading compounds

  • 犯す 【おかす】 to commit (e.g. crime), to perpetrate, to make (e.g. mistake), to break (e.g. rule), to violate, to transgress, to contravene, to rape, to violate, to ravish, to deflower

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fan4
Korean:
beom

Spanish

  • crimen
  • delito
  • ofensa
  • cometer
  • perpetrar un delito
  • violar

Portuguese

  • crime
  • pecado
  • ofensa

French

  • crime
  • péché
  • délit
859 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
789 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
768 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
711 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2869 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
771 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
726 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
882 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
903 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1046 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1299 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
229 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
146 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
175 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1426 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
20238 Morohashi
196 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3554 New Nelson (John Haig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1517 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
652 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2956 2001 Kanji
3g2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
4721.2 Four corner code
1-40-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
72af Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
net 网 (罒, ⺲, 罓, ⺳)
Parts:
guilt, sin, crime, fault, blame, offense
Kun:
つみ
On:
ザイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
732 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 罪 【ザイ】 crime
  • 罪悪 【ザイアク】 crime, sin, vice
  • 同罪 【ドウザイ】 same crime, being equally guilty, bearing the same amount of responsibility
  • 功罪 【コウザイ】 merits and demerits, good points and bad points, strengths and weaknesses

Kun reading compounds

  • 罪 【つみ】 crime, sin, wrongdoing, indiscretion, penalty, sentence, punishment, fault, responsibility, culpability, thoughtlessness, lack of consideration
  • 罪滅ぼし 【つみほろぼし】 atonement (for one's sins), expiation, making amends, making up for (a misdeed)
  • 無実の罪 【むじつのつみ】 false charge
  • 重い罪 【おもいつみ】 serious crime, grave crime

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zui4
Korean:
joe

Spanish

  • culpabilidad
  • pecado
  • delito
  • crimen
  • defecto
  • culpa

Portuguese

  • culpa
  • pecado
  • crime
  • falta
  • ofensa

French

  • culpabilité
  • péché
  • crime
  • faute
  • responsabilité
  • délit
794 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
713 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
686 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
928 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3643 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
748 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
830 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2006 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
885 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
906 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1047 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1464 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1673 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2264 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1651 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
28293 Morohashi
2610 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4644 New Nelson (John Haig)
1636 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1764 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
775 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3654 2001 Kanji
5g8.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
6011.1 Four corner code
1-26-65 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7f6a Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
heart, mind, spirit, heart radical (no. 61)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
157 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 心 【シン】 heart, mind, spirit, vitality, inner strength, bottom of one's heart, core (of one's character), nature, centre, center, core, heart, heart (organ), Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions), friend
  • 心から 【ココロカラ】 from the bottom of one's heart, heartily, sincerely
  • 重心 【ジュウシン】 centre of gravity (center), centroid, barycenter, (one's) balance
  • 会心 【カイシン】 congeniality, satisfaction, gratification

Kun reading compounds

  • 心 【こころ】 mind, heart, spirit, the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
  • 心意気 【こころいき】 spirit, disposition
  • 我が心 【わがこころ】 my heart
  • 静心 【しずごころ】 calm mind, placid temperament

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xin1
Korean:
sim

Spanish

  • corazón
  • centro

Portuguese

  • coração
  • mente
  • espírito

French

  • coeur
  • esprit
  • radical coeur (no. 61)
95 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
164 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
147 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
139 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1645 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
80 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
172 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
49 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
97 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
97 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
172 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
766 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
11 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
602 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10295 Morohashi
11 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1780 New Nelson (John Haig)
595 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
639 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
64 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
96 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
358 2001 Kanji
4k0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-3 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
3300.0 Four corner code
1-31-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fc3 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
jade (king) 玉 (王)
Parts:
logic, arrangement, reason, justice, truth
Kun:
ことわり
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
86 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 理 【リ】 reason, principle, logic, general principle (as opposed to individual concrete phenomenon), (in neo-Confucianism) the underlying principles of the cosmos
  • 理科 【リカ】 science (inc. mathematics, medicine, etc.), natural science, science department (university), science course, science (as a school subject)
  • 合理 【ゴウリ】 rationality
  • 経理 【ケイリ】 accounting, administration (of money)

Kun reading compounds

  • 理 【ことわり】 reason, logic, sense, natural way of things

Readings

Japanese names:
あや、 おさむ、 さと、 さとる、 ただ、 ただし、 とおる、 に、 のり、 ひ、 まこと、 まさ、 まさし、 まろ、 みち、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
li3
Korean:
ri

Spanish

  • lógica
  • razón
  • preparar

Portuguese

  • lógica
  • arranjo
  • razão
  • justiça
  • verdade

French

  • logique
  • principe
  • raison
  • justice
  • vérité
333 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
239 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
220 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
95 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2942 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
104 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
217 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1361 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.17 Japanese for Busy People
143 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
143 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
241 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1321 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1220 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
659 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
881 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
271 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21014 Morohashi
970 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3644 New Nelson (John Haig)
265 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
283 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
59 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
212 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3172 2001 Kanji
4f7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
1611.4 Four corner code
1-45-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7406 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
child, seed
Parts:
Variants:
study, learning, science
Kun:
まな.ぶ
On:
ガク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
63 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 学 【ガク】 learning, scholarship, study, erudition, knowledge, education, study of ..., -ology, -ics
  • 学位 【ガクイ】 (academic) degree
  • 短期大学 【タンキダイガク】 junior college, vocationally oriented two or three year post-secondary education institution
  • 法医学 【ホウイガク】 forensic medicine, forensic pathology, medical jurisprudence, legal medicine

Kun reading compounds

  • 学ぶ 【まなぶ】 to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in

Readings

Japanese names:
たか、 のり
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xue2
Korean:
hag

Spanish

  • estudio
  • aprendizaje
  • ciencia
  • estudiar

Portuguese

  • estudo
  • aprendizagem
  • ciência

French

  • étudier
  • apprendre
  • science
57 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
10 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
33 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1271 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
66 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
44 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
719 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.9 Japanese for Busy People
109 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
109 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
50 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3162 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1625 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2211 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
330 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
6974 Morohashi
2555 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1294 New Nelson (John Haig)
324 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
346 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
15 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
71 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
947 2001 Kanji
3n4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
2-3-4 SKIP code
2-5-2 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
3240.7 Four corner code
9040.7 Four corner code
1-19-56 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b66 Unicode hex code