13 strokes
fire 火 (灬)
illuminate, shine, compare, bashful
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
1004 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 照射 【ショウシャ】 irradiation, radiation, beaming, exposure (to light), illumination
  • 照会 【ショウカイ】 inquiry, query, enquiry, referral (e.g. to a doctor or court)
  • 日照 【ニッショウ】 sunlight
  • 残照 【ザンショウ】 afterglow

Kun reading compounds

  • 照る 【てる】 to shine, to look slightly upward (of a noh mask; indicating joy, etc.)
  • てるてる坊主 【てるてるぼうず】 paper doll to which children pray for fine weather (usu. white, and shaped like a Buddhist priest)
  • 照らす 【てらす】 to shine on, to illuminate, to compare (with), to refer to
  • 天照 【あまてらす】 Amaterasu, sun goddess who is the ancestress of the Imperial House of Japan
  • 照れる 【てれる】 to be shy, to be bashful, to feel awkward, to feel embarrassed


Japanese names:
あき、 てる
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • iluminar
  • brillar
  • comparar
  • tener vergüenza


  • iluminar
  • brilhar
  • comparar
  • tímido


  • illuminer
  • briller
  • comparer
  • timide
433 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
541 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
510 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1072 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2785 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
675 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
719 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
998 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1035 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
868 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1281 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3506 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1809 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2461 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
172 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
19226 Morohashi
2827 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3457 New Nelson (John Haig)
170 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
182 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
606 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3840 2001 Kanji
4d9.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-9-4 SKIP code
6733.6 Four corner code
1-30-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7167 Unicode hex code