Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
fire 火 (灬)
Parts:
charcoal, coal
Kun:
すみ
On:
タン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
1307 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 炭素 【タンソ】 carbon (C)
  • 炭鉱 【タンコウ】 coal mine, (coal) pit, colliery, coal-mine shaft
  • 木炭 【モクタン】 charcoal
  • 活性炭 【カッセイタン】 activated charcoal, activated carbon

Kun reading compounds

  • 炭 【すみ】 charcoal, charred remains
  • 炭火 【すみび】 charcoal fire
  • 正炭 【しょうすみ】 first adding of charcoal to the fire (tea ceremony)
  • 竹炭 【たけすみ】 bamboo charcoal

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tan4
Korean:
tan

Spanish

  • carbón vegetal
  • carbón

Portuguese

  • carvão

French

  • charbon de bois
  • charbon
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
361 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
341 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1007 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1418 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
842 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
713 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1186 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1344 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1427 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
875 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1267 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2806 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1445 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1947 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
778 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18953 Morohashi
2257 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3413 New Nelson (John Haig)
771 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
833 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
337 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1262 2001 Kanji
3o6.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
3-5-4 SKIP code
2228.9 Four corner code
1-35-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
70ad Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
wine, alcohol
Parts:
acid, bitterness, sour, tart
Kun:
す.い
On:
サン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
1218 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 酸 【サン】 acid, sourness, sour taste
  • 酸化 【サンカ】 oxidation, oxidization
  • 炭酸 【タンサン】 carbonic acid, carbonated water, baking soda, sodium carbonate
  • アミノ酸 【アミノサン】 amino acid

Kun reading compounds

  • 酸い 【すい】 sour, acid
  • 酸葉 【すいば】 sorrel (Rumex acetosa), Common sorrel, garden sorrel, spinach dock

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
suan1
Korean:
san

Spanish

  • ácido
  • agrio

Portuguese

  • ácido
  • amargo
  • azedo
  • picante

French

  • acide
  • aigre
  • amer
  • sur (goût)
618 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
715 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
689 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1027 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4789 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
819 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1838 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
516 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
525 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1420 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1797 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1968 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1049 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1415 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1449 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39871 Morohashi
1563 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6177 New Nelson (John Haig)
1437 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1545 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
791 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3267 2001 Kanji
7e7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-7 SKIP code
1364.7 Four corner code
1-27-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9178 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
harden, set, clot, curdle
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
750 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 固体 【コタイ】 solid (body), solid matter, solid-state
  • 固形 【コケイ】 solid (body)
  • 凝固 【ギョウコ】 coagulation, freezing, solidification
  • 簡明強固 【カンメイキョウコ】 plain and sturdy

Kun reading compounds

  • 固める 【かためる】 to harden, to freeze, to strengthen, to solidify, to make (a fist), to tramp down (snow, dirt), to put together, to collect, to gather, to consolidate, to make secure, to stabilize, to settle down, to strengthen (belief, resolution, etc.), to establish (evidence), to fortify, to reinforce, to support, to wear for a specific purpose (armor, coat, etc.), to swear, to resolutely vow, to sincerely promise, to tie tightly, to fasten, to hold a bow fully drawn
  • 固まる 【かたまる】 to harden, to solidify, to become firm, to become certain, to gather (together), to assemble, to huddle together
  • 塊 【かたまり】 lump, mass, bundle, clump, clod, cluster, group, crowd, embodiment (of an idea, quality, feeling etc.), personification
  • 塊肉 【かたまりにく】 chunk of meat (e.g. for grilling), joint of meat
  • 硬い 【かたい】 hard, solid, tough, stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing), strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved), safe, steady, honest, steadfast, obstinate, stubborn, bookish, formal, stuffy
  • かたいことは言いっこなし 【かたいことはいいっこなし】 let's put formalities aside, let's not speak so stiffly

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gu4
Korean:
go

Spanish

  • endurecer
  • fijar
  • terco
  • testarudo
  • originario de

Portuguese

  • endurecer
  • aglomerar
  • coágulo
  • coagular

French

  • solide
  • durcir
  • résolu
  • coaguler
  • cailler
393 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
501 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
476 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
834 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1036 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
738 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
424 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
744 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
972 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1004 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
470 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
343 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3830 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1963 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2658 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
587 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4745 Morohashi
3086 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
949 New Nelson (John Haig)
580 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
622 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
503 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1577 2001 Kanji
3s5.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-5 SKIP code
6060.4 Four corner code
1-24-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56fa Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
determine, fix, establish, decide
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
48 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 定価 【テイカ】 list price, regular price, established price
  • 定員 【テイイン】 fixed number (of people), prescribed number (of regular personnel, students, etc.), quota, numerical limit, complement, capacity (of a bus, boat, theatre, etc.), seating capacity
  • 裁定 【サイテイ】 decision, ruling, award, arbitration
  • 改定 【カイテイ】 revision (of a rule, price, etc.), alteration, change
  • 定 【ジョウ】 certainty, reality, actuality, regular, permanent, samadhi (state of intense concentration achieved through meditation)
  • 定住 【テイジュウ】 settlement, permanent residency
  • 不定 【フジョウ】 uncertainty, insecurity, inconstancy, indefinite, undecided
  • 改定 【カイテイ】 revision (of a rule, price, etc.), alteration, change

Kun reading compounds

  • 定める 【さだめる】 to decide, to determine, to establish, to lay down, to prescribe, to provide, to stipulate, to bring peace (to), to make peaceful
  • 定まる 【さだまる】 to become settled, to be fixed
  • 定か 【さだか】 definite, sure

Readings

Japanese names:
さた
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ding4
Korean:
jeong

Spanish

  • determinar
  • establecer
  • decidir

Portuguese

  • determinar
  • fixar
  • estabelecer
  • decidir

French

  • déterminé
  • fixé
  • établi
  • décidé
474 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
371 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
351 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
62 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1296 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
218 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
464 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
677 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
355 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
356 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
289 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
473 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2770 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1420 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1916 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
388 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7109 Morohashi
2229 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1323 New Nelson (John Haig)
382 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
408 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
93 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
308 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
770 2001 Kanji
3m5.8 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
3080.1 Four corner code
1-36-74 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5b9a Unicode hex code