Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
fire 火 (灬)
Parts:
charcoal, coal
Kun:
すみ
On:
タン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
1307 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 炭素 【タンソ】 carbon (C)
  • 炭鉱 【タンコウ】 coal mine, (coal) pit, colliery, coal-mine shaft
  • 木炭 【モクタン】 charcoal
  • 活性炭 【カッセイタン】 activated charcoal, activated carbon

Kun reading compounds

  • 炭 【すみ】 charcoal, charred remains
  • 炭火 【すみび】 charcoal fire
  • 正炭 【しょうすみ】 first adding of charcoal to the fire (tea ceremony)
  • 竹炭 【たけすみ】 bamboo charcoal

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tan4
Korean:
tan

Spanish

  • carbón vegetal
  • carbón

Portuguese

  • carvão

French

  • charbon de bois
  • charbon
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
361 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
341 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1007 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1418 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
842 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
713 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1186 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1344 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1427 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
875 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1267 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2806 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1445 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1947 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
778 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18953 Morohashi
2257 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3413 New Nelson (John Haig)
771 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
833 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
337 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1262 2001 Kanji
3o6.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-6 SKIP code
3-5-4 SKIP code
2228.9 Four corner code
1-35-26 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
70ad Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
wine, alcohol
Parts:
acid, bitterness, sour, tart
Kun:
す.い
On:
サン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
1218 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 酸 【サン】 acid, sourness, sour taste
  • 酸化 【サンカ】 oxidation, oxidization
  • 炭酸 【タンサン】 carbonic acid, carbonated water, baking soda, sodium carbonate
  • アミノ酸 【アミノサン】 amino acid

Kun reading compounds

  • 酸い 【すい】 sour, acid
  • 酸葉 【すいば】 sorrel (Rumex acetosa), Common sorrel, garden sorrel, spinach dock

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
suan1
Korean:
san

Spanish

  • ácido
  • agrio

Portuguese

  • ácido
  • amargo
  • azedo
  • picante

French

  • acide
  • aigre
  • amer
  • sur (goût)
618 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
715 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
689 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1027 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4789 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
819 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1838 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
516 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
525 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1420 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1797 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1968 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1049 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1415 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1449 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39871 Morohashi
1563 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6177 New Nelson (John Haig)
1437 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1545 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
791 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3267 2001 Kanji
7e7.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-7 SKIP code
1364.7 Four corner code
1-27-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9178 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
same, agree, equal
Kun:
おな.じ
On:
ドウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
15 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 同 【ドウ】 the same, the said, likewise
  • 同意 【ドウイ】 agreement, consent, approval, assent, same opinion, same view, same meaning
  • 合同 【ゴウドウ】 combination, union, incorporation, amalgamation, fusion, congruence
  • 大同 【ダイドウ】 largely the same, Daidō era (806.5.18-810.9.19)

Kun reading compounds

  • 同じ 【おなじ】 same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike, anyway, anyhow, in either case
  • 同じく 【おなじく】 similarly, same (idea), same (name)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tong2, tong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • mismo
  • igual
  • compañero
  • idéntico
  • similar

Portuguese

  • mesmo
  • concorda
  • igual

French

  • identique
  • similaire
  • égal
295 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
204 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
187 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
23 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
619 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
185 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
136 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
298 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
198 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
198 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
350 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
320 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3707 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1897 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2578 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
182 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3294 Morohashi
2987 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
717 New Nelson (John Haig)
180 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
192 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
54 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
133 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3649 2001 Kanji
2r4.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-4 SKIP code
7722.0 Four corner code
1-38-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
540c Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 機械化 【キカイカ】 mechanization, mechanisation, computerization
  • 民営化 【ミンエイカ】 privatization, privatisation
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
make, production, prepare, build
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
103 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作柄 【サクガラ】 crop conditions, quality (of art)
  • 大作 【タイサク】 large-scale work, voluminous work, monumental work, great work, masterpiece
  • 遺作 【イサク】 posthumous works
  • 作 【サク】 work (e.g. of art), production, harvest, cultivation, farming, crop, yield, technique
  • 作業 【サギョウ】 work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
  • 所作 【ショサ】 conduct, behaviour, movements, gesture, one's carriage, performance (on stage, etc.), dance, acting, dance (in kabuki), dance play
  • 安定操作 【アンテイソウサ】 stabilizing (stock) transaction

Kun reading compounds

  • 作る 【つくる】 to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct, to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol), to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train, to till, to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write, to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose, to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found, to have (a child), to make up (one's face, etc.), to fabricate (an excuse, etc.), to give a (false) appearance, to feign (a smile, etc.), to put on a show of emotion, to form (a line, etc.), to set (a record), to commit (a sin, etc.)
  • 作り 【つくり】 making, producing, manufacturing, building, construction, make, structure, appearance (attire, make-up, etc.), build, physique, sashimi, forced (smile, etc.)
  • 作り上げる 【つくりあげる】 to build up, to complete, to construct, to create, to put together, to make up, to fabricate, to invent, to cook up

Readings

Japanese names:
くり、 さか、 さっ、 づくり、 とも、 なお、 はぎ、 まさか
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zuo1, zuo4, zuo2
Korean:
jag, ja, ju

Spanish

  • hacer
  • construir
  • fabricar
  • conducta
  • comportamiento
  • crear

Portuguese

  • fazer
  • produção
  • preparar
  • construção

French

  • fabriquer
  • produire
  • construire
  • préparer
82 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
141 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
127 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
99 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
407 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
147 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
116 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
362 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.4 Japanese for Busy People
360 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
361 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
137 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
75 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
77 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
49 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
52 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1151 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
518 Morohashi
68 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
167 New Nelson (John Haig)
1142 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
120 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
144 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2154 2001 Kanji
2a5.10 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-5 SKIP code
2821.1 Four corner code
1-26-78 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4f5c Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
use 用 (甩)
Parts:
utilize, business, service, use, employ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
107 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 用 【ヨウ】 business, task, errand, engagement, use, purpose, for the use of ..., used for ..., made for ..., call of nature, excretion
  • 用意 【ヨウイ】 preparation, arrangements, provision, getting ready, laying out (e.g. a meal)
  • 登用 【トウヨウ】 appointment, assignment, promotion
  • 効用 【コウヨウ】 use, utility, effect, benefit

Kun reading compounds

  • 用いる 【もちいる】 to use, to make use of, to utilize, to utilise

Readings

Japanese names:
たから
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yong4
Korean:
yong

Spanish

  • uso
  • empleo
  • trabajo
  • usar
  • hacer uso de

Portuguese

  • utilizar
  • negócios
  • serviço
  • usar
  • empregar

French

  • se servir de
  • affaires
  • service
  • utiliser
  • employer
146 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
235 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
215 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
102 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2993 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
110 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
219 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
193 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.19 Japanese for Busy People
107 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
107 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
308 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1329 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3694 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1889 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2569 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1189 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
21703 Morohashi
2976 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3721 New Nelson (John Haig)
1181 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1265 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
177 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
116 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3653 2001 Kanji
2r3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-3 SKIP code
4-5-1 SKIP code
7722.0 Four corner code
1-45-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7528 Unicode hex code