12 strokes
death, decay 歹 (歺)
augment, increase, multiply, raise
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1362 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 植民地 【ショクミンチ】 colony, (Japanese) settlement (in Brazil)
  • 植民 【ショクミン】 colonization, colonisation
  • 増殖 【ゾウショク】 increase, multiplication, propagation, proliferation
  • 生殖 【セイショク】 reproduction

Kun reading compounds

  • 増える 【ふえる】 to increase, to multiply
  • 増やす 【ふやす】 to increase, to add to, to augment


Japanese names:
うえ、 え、 げ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi2, shi5


  • aumentar
  • incrementar
  • crecer


  • aumentar
  • aumento
  • multiplicar
  • levantar


  • croître
  • augmenter
  • multiplier
  • élever
1426 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1647 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2448 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1396 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1453 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1867 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1506 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1607 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1540 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1137 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1253 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
680 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
907 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
819 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
16502 Morohashi
994 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2981 New Nelson (John Haig)
811 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
874 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1557 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3175 2001 Kanji
5c7.4 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-8 SKIP code
1421.6 Four corner code
1-31-03 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6b96 Unicode hex code