Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
ridgepole, ridge
Kun:
むねむな-
On:
トウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1406 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 棟 【トウ】 large building, building with a long roof, counter for buildings, apartments, etc.
  • 棟梁 【トウリョウ】 central figure, pillar (e.g. of the nation), mainstay, chief support, leader, chief, boss, leader, head, master carpenter, beams and ridge supports of a roof
  • 病棟 【ビョウトウ】 (hospital) ward
  • 上棟 【ジョウトウ】 raising the ridgepole

Kun reading compounds

  • 棟 【むね】 ridge (of roof), back of a sword, counter for buildings, apartments, etc.
  • 棟上げ 【むねあげ】 ridgepole-raising, setting up of the framework of a house
  • 別棟 【べつむね】 separate building, outbuilding, outhouse
  • 大棟 【おおむね】 top ridge of a roof, main ridge of a roof

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
dong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • alero de tejado

Portuguese

  • Trave horizontal
  • sulcar

French

  • faîte
  • bâtiment
1653 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1899 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2299 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1440 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1627 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1406 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1495 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1533 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1104 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1248 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
678 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
904 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
517 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14949 Morohashi
991 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2747 New Nelson (John Haig)
505 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
544 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1553 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1864 2001 Kanji
4a8.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-8 SKIP code
4599.6 Four corner code
1-37-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
68df Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
square
Parts:
direction, person, alternative
Kun:
かた-かた-がた
On:
ホウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
46 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 方 【ホウ】 direction, way, side, area (in a particular direction), side (of an argument, etc.), one's part, type, category, field (of study, etc.), indicates one side of a comparison, way, method, manner, means, length (of each side of a square)
  • 方向 【ホウコウ】 direction, orientation, bearing, way, course (e.g. of action)
  • 地方 【チホウ】 district, region, area, locality, the country, countryside, the provinces, rural area, civilian society
  • 処方 【ショホウ】 prescription, formulation, formula, recipe

Kun reading compounds

  • 方 【かた】 direction, way, person, lady, gentleman, method of, manner of, way of, care of ..., person in charge of ..., side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
  • 方々 【かたがた】 people, (all) persons, everyone, ladies and gentlemen, you (usu. plural)
  • 見方 【みかた】 viewpoint, point of view, way of looking (at something), view, angle, way of appreciating (e.g. opera), way of understanding, how to read (a map, train timetable, etc.)
  • 使い方 【つかいかた】 way of using (something), way to use, how to use, usage, use, way of handling (employees, subordinates, etc.), way of treating, treatment, management

Readings

Japanese names:
から、 な、 なた、 ふさ、 まさ、 みち、 も、 わ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fang1
Korean:
bang

Spanish

  • dirección
  • lado
  • cuadrado
  • método
  • manera
  • persona
  • forma de hacer

Portuguese

  • direção
  • pessoa
  • alternativa

French

  • direction
  • personne
  • alternative
138 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
223 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
204 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
28 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2082 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
26 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
182 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
85 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
70 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
70 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
43 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
957 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2459 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1243 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1709 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
501 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13620 Morohashi
1963 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2389 New Nelson (John Haig)
490 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
529 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
25 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
102 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
445 2001 Kanji
4h0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
3-3-1 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
1-42-93 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
65b9 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
intention, plan, resolve, aspire, motive, hopes, shilling
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
823 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 志望 【シボウ】 wish, desire, ambition
  • 志向 【シコウ】 intention, aim, preference (for), orientation (towards a goal)
  • 遺志 【イシ】 wishes of a deceased person, dying wish
  • 立志 【リッシ】 fixing one's aim in life, deciding one's life goal

Kun reading compounds

  • 志す 【こころざす】 to plan, to intend, to aspire to, to set aims (sights on)
  • 志 【こころざし】 will, resolution, intention, ambition, aim, goal, kindness, goodwill, kind offer, gift (as a token of gratitude)
  • 志は松の葉に包め 【こころざしはまつのはにつつめ】 for gifts, it's the thought that counts
  • お志 【おこころざし】 kindness, courtesy
  • 青雲の志 【せいうんのこころざし】 high (lofty) ambition

Readings

Japanese names:
じん、 べ、 べし、 ゆき
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhi4
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • intención
  • deseo
  • aspiración
  • ambición
  • aspirar
  • desear
  • voluntad

Portuguese

  • intenção
  • plano
  • resolver
  • aspirar
  • motivo
  • esperanças
  • shilling (din.)

French

  • dessein
  • intention
  • plan
  • motif
  • aspirer à
  • résolution
  • espoirs
  • shilling
623 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
718 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
692 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
622 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1064 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
757 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
527 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
464 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
573 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
582 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
756 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
770 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2725 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1394 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1881 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
607 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10331 Morohashi
2199 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1785 New Nelson (John Haig)
600 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
645 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
668 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1458 2001 Kanji
3p4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-4 SKIP code
4033.1 Four corner code
1-27-54 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fd7 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
power, force
Parts:
achievement, merits, success, honor, credit
Kun:
いさお
On:
コウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
857 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 功 【コウ】 merit, success, meritorious deed, achievement, accumulated experience
  • 功績 【コウセキ】 achievement, meritorious deed, distinguished service, contribution
  • 即効 【ソッコウ】 immediate effect, instant effect
  • 奏功 【ソウコウ】 success, achievement, fruition
  • 工夫 【クフウ】 devising (a way), contriving, figuring out, coming up with, working out, inventing, device, design, idea, plan, invention, dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation)
  • 効能 【コウノウ】 effect, efficacy, virtue, benefit

Kun reading compounds

  • 勲 【いさお】 distinguished service, meritorious service

Readings

Japanese names:
いさ、 かつ、 くぬ、 ぐう、 こと、 つとむ、 とし、 のり、 よし
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • logro
  • méritos
  • éxito
  • servicio

Portuguese

  • realização
  • méritos
  • sucesso
  • honra
  • crédito

French

  • réussite
  • réalisation
  • succès
  • mérite
  • honneur
  • crédit
605 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
502 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
477 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
765 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1454 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
467 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1099 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
135 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
818 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
837 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
378 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
209 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
218 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
138 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
165 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
871 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2295 Morohashi
189 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
522 New Nelson (John Haig)
863 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
927 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3145 2001 Kanji
2g3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-2 SKIP code
1412.7 Four corner code
1-24-89 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
529f Unicode hex code