Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
ridgepole, ridge
Kun:
むねむな-
On:
トウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1406 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 棟 【トウ】 large building, building with a long roof, counter for buildings, apartments, etc.
  • 棟梁 【トウリョウ】 central figure, pillar (e.g. of the nation), mainstay, chief support, leader, chief, boss, leader, head, master carpenter, beams and ridge supports of a roof
  • 病棟 【ビョウトウ】 (hospital) ward
  • 上棟 【ジョウトウ】 raising the ridgepole

Kun reading compounds

  • 棟 【むね】 ridge (of roof), back of a sword, counter for buildings, apartments, etc.
  • 棟上げ 【むねあげ】 ridgepole-raising, setting up of the framework of a house
  • 別棟 【べつむね】 separate building, outbuilding, outhouse
  • 大棟 【おおむね】 top ridge of a roof, main ridge of a roof

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
dong4
Korean:
dong

Spanish

  • alero de tejado

Portuguese

  • Trave horizontal
  • sulcar

French

  • faîte
  • bâtiment
1653 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1899 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2299 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1440 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1627 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1406 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1495 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1533 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1104 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1248 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
678 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
904 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
517 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14949 Morohashi
991 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2747 New Nelson (John Haig)
505 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
544 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1553 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1864 2001 Kanji
4a8.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-8 SKIP code
4599.6 Four corner code
1-37-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
68df Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
knife, sword 刀 (刂)
Parts:
proportion, comparatively, divide, cut, separate, split
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
318 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 割愛 【カツアイ】 omitting (reluctantly), leaving out, dropping, giving up (reluctantly), parting with, sharing, sparing
  • 割譲 【カツジョウ】 cession (of territory)
  • 正割 【セイカツ】 secant (trigonometric function)
  • 等割 【トウカツ】 equal cleavage (embryology)

Kun reading compounds

  • 割る 【わる】 to divide, to cut, to halve, to separate, to split, to rip, to break, to crack, to smash, to dilute, to fall below, to discount, to step over (a line, etc.)
  • 割り 【わり】 rate, ratio, proportion, percentage, profit, assignment, 10%, unit of ten percent, match, schedule of matches, diluted with (of drinks), mixed with
  • 割合 【わりあい】 rate, ratio, percentage, proportion, comparatively, contrary to expectations
  • 学割 【がくわり】 student discount
  • 手合割 【てあいわり】 handicap (go, shogi)
  • 割り 【わり】 rate, ratio, proportion, percentage, profit, assignment, 10%, unit of ten percent, match, schedule of matches, diluted with (of drinks), mixed with
  • 割合 【わりあい】 rate, ratio, percentage, proportion, comparatively, contrary to expectations
  • 学割 【がくわり】 student discount
  • 手合割 【てあいわり】 handicap (go, shogi)
  • 割れる 【われる】 to break, to be smashed, to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn, to be divided (opinion, vote, etc.), to split (e.g. of a party), to come to light, to become clear, to be identified, to be revealed, to be distorted (of a sound), to be divisible (without a remainder), to go below a minimum
  • 裂く 【さく】 to tear, to rip up, to cut up, to cleave, to cut open (esp. the abdomen), to forcibly separate (e.g. two lovers), to spare (time, money, etc.), to use part of something, to have a tattoo in the corner of one's eye

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ge1
Korean:
hal

Spanish

  • dividir
  • distribuir
  • proporción
  • separar
  • fracturar

Portuguese

  • proporção
  • comparativamente
  • divide
  • corte
  • separa
  • parte

French

  • briser
  • diviser
  • couper
  • séparer
  • proportion
  • pourcentage (10%)
838 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
823 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
357 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
703 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1274 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
364 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1696A Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
519 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
528 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
786 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
204 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2284 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1180 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1611 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1567 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2112P Morohashi
1816 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
507 New Nelson (John Haig)
1553 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1673 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
414 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
938 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
743 2001 Kanji
2f10.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-10-2 SKIP code
3260.0 Four corner code
1-19-68 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5272 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
long, grow 長 (镸)
Parts:
Variants:
long, leader, superior, senior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N5
12 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 長 【チョウ】 head, chief, leader, elder, merit, strong point, superiority, major
  • 長官 【チョウカン】 secretary (government), director, chief
  • 体長 【タイチョウ】 length (of an animal), body length
  • 医長 【イチョウ】 medical director, chief physician

Kun reading compounds

  • 長い 【ながい】 long (distance, length), long (time), protracted, prolonged
  • 長居 【ながい】 long visit, overstaying
  • 長 【おさ】 head, chief, leader, elder, the greatest of all, the most excellent
  • 長亀 【おさがめ】 leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)
  • 田長 【たおさ】 master of the rice field, chief farmer, lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 死出田長 【しでたおさ】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)

Readings

Japanese names:
お、 おしゃ、 たかし、 たけ、 な、 は、 ひさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
chang2, zhang3
Korean:
jang

Spanish

  • largo
  • jefe
  • sobresaliente

Portuguese

  • Longo
  • ambicionar
  • líder
  • chefe

French

  • long
  • chef
116 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
189 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
173 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
25 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4938 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
155 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
95 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
939 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.20 Japanese for Busy People
95 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
95 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
89 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1837 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3163 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1626 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2212 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1939 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41100 Morohashi
2556 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6379 New Nelson (John Haig)
1920 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2070 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
90 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
161 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3465 2001 Kanji
0a8.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-3 SKIP code
4-8-1 SKIP code
7173.2 Four corner code
1-36-25 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9577 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
corpse
Parts:
roof, house, shop, dealer, seller
Kun:
On:
オク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
616 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 屋 【オク】 house, building, roof
  • 屋外 【オクガイ】 outdoors, outside
  • 草屋 【ソウオク】 thatched hut
  • 塔屋 【トウヤ】 rooftop structure, e.g. tower, elevator machine room, etc.

Kun reading compounds

  • 屋 【や】 shop, store, restaurant, somebody who sells (something) or works as (something), somebody with a (certain) personality trait, house, roof
  • 屋敷 【やしき】 residence, estate, grounds, premises, mansion
  • 長屋 【ながや】 tenement house, row house
  • 総会屋 【そうかいや】 extortionist that threatens to disrupt stock-holder meetings, sokaiya

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wu1
Korean:
og

Spanish

  • casa
  • tejado
  • tienda

Portuguese

  • teto
  • casa
  • loja
  • negociante
  • vendedor

French

  • toit
  • maison
  • échoppe
  • négociant
  • vendeur
161 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
256 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
236 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
270 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1392 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
251 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
160 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1233 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.13 Japanese for Busy People
167 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
167 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
54 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
530 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3842 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1973 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2669 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1067 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7684 Morohashi
3098 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1421 New Nelson (John Haig)
1058 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1138 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
236 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
319 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3772 2001 Kanji
3r6.3 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-6 SKIP code
7721.4 Four corner code
1-18-16 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5c4b Unicode hex code