Jisho

×

9 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
tender, weakness, gentleness, softness
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N2
1187 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 柔 【ジュウ】 softness, gentleness, weakness
  • 柔道 【ジュウドウ】 judo
  • 内剛外柔 【ナイゴウガイジュウ】 gentle on the outside but tough on the inside, an iron hand in a velvet glove
  • 外剛内柔 【ガイゴウナイジュウ】 being tough on the outside but soft at heart, a faint-hearted person pretending to be brave
  • 柔和 【ニュウワ】 gentle, mild, meek, tender
  • 柔弱 【ニュウジャク】 weakness, effeminacy, enervation

Kun reading compounds

  • 柔らか 【やわらか】 soft, tender, limp, subdued (colour or light) (color), gentle, meek
  • 柔らかい 【やわらかい】 soft, tender, pliant, supple, limber, limp, gentle, mild, mellow, informal, light, flexible (e.g. thinking)
  • 柔らかい 【やわらかい】 soft, tender, pliant, supple, limber, limp, gentle, mild, mellow, informal, light, flexible (e.g. thinking)
  • 柔らかい文章 【やわらかいぶんしょう】 informal style
  • 柔 【やわ】 soft, fragile, weak, poorly built, insubstantial
  • 柔ら 【やわら】 judo, jujutsu
  • 柔ら 【やわら】 judo, jujutsu
  • 柔らか 【やわらか】 soft, tender, limp, subdued (colour or light) (color), gentle, meek

Readings

Japanese names:
とお
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
rou2
Korean:
yu

Spanish

  • suave
  • tierno
  • blando

Portuguese

  • macio
  • ponto fraco
  • gentileza
  • suavidade

French

  • tendre
  • faiblesse
  • douceur
1363 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1291 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3166 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1086 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
628 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
907 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
774 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
788 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1310 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1057 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2591 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1325 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1797 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1234 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14622 Morohashi
2088 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2633 New Nelson (John Haig)
1226 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1312 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1269 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3564 2001 Kanji
4a5.34 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-5-4 SKIP code
1790.4 Four corner code
1-29-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
67d4 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
script, literature
Parts:
sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan, literary radical (no. 67)
Kun:
ふみあや
On:
ブンモン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
190 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 文 【ブン】 sentence, composition, text, writings, the literary arts (as opposed to the military arts), academia, literature, statement
  • 文化 【ブンカ】 culture, civilization, civilisation, Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
  • 公文 【コウブン】 official document, archives
  • 異文 【イブン】 variant (in a manuscript or book), part of a text that differs from other versions
  • 紋 【モン】 (family) crest, coat of arms, pattern, figure
  • 文 【モン】 mon, one-thousandth of a kan (unit of currency 1336-1870), 2.4 cm (traditional unit used to measure shoe sizes), letter, character, sentence, scripture, incantation
  • 人文 【ジンブン】 humanity, civilization, civilisation, culture
  • 縄文 【ジョウモン】 straw-rope pattern pressed into earthenware, Jōmon period (ca. 14000-1000 BCE)

Kun reading compounds

  • 文 【ふみ】 letter, writings
  • 文香 【ふみこう】 scented insert (to enclose with a letter), perfumed insert
  • 雁の文 【かりのふみ】 (a) letter
  • 日文 【ひふみ】 Hifumi (script)
  • 綾 【あや】 figure, design, twill weave, pattern of diagonal stripes, style (of writing), figure (of speech), design, plot, plan, minor market fluctuation, technical correction, cat's cradle, lease rod (in a loom)
  • 文無鳥 【あやなしどり】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 言葉は身の文 【ことばはみのあや】 words betray one's character

Readings

Japanese names:
かざり、 ふ、 も
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wen2, wen4
Korean:
mun

Spanish

  • letras
  • literatura

Portuguese

  • sentença
  • literatura
  • estilo
  • arte
  • decoração
  • figuras
  • plano

French

  • phrase
  • littérature
  • style
  • art
  • décoration
  • figure (de style)
  • plan
  • radical littéraire (no. 67)
134 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
77 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
68 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
136 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2064 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
71 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
180 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
86 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
111 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
949 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2458 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1708 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1741 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13450 Morohashi
1962 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2364 New Nelson (John Haig)
1725 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1861 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
89 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
35 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
2j2.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
0040.0 Four corner code
1-42-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6587 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
stand, erect
Parts:
badge, chapter, composition, poem, design
On:
ショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
990 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 章 【ショウ】 chapter, section, medal, badge, insignia
  • 章句 【ショウク】 chapter and verse, paragraph, passage
  • 受章 【ジュショウ】 reception of a decoration, reception of an order
  • 楽章 【ガクショウ】 (musical) movement

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 あきら、 あや、 ふみ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhang1
Korean:
jang

Spanish

  • distintivo
  • banda
  • capítulo
  • frase

Portuguese

  • insígnia
  • capítulo
  • composição
  • poema
  • projeto

French

  • badge
  • clairement visible
  • composition
  • poème
  • chapitre
  • dessin
432 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
334 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
318 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
967 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5112 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
505 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
787 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1461 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
857 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
876 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1027 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1460 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2624 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1342 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1819 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
440 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25761 Morohashi
2117 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4235 New Nelson (John Haig)
433 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
464 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
376 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
455 2001 Kanji
5b6.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-9 SKIP code
2-5-6 SKIP code
0040.6 Four corner code
1-30-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7ae0 Unicode hex code