Jisho

×

8 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
pine tree
Kun:
まつ
On:
ショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N1
471 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 松竹梅 【ショウチクバイ】 pine, bamboo and plum (an auspicious grouping), high, middle and low (ranking), top, middle and bottom, upper, medium, lower, first, second and third (class)
  • 鰹 【カツオ】 skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), oceanic bonito, victorfish
  • 老松 【ロウショウ】 old pine tree
  • 翠松 【スイショウ】 verdant pine, green pine

Kun reading compounds

  • 松 【まつ】 pine tree (Pinus spp.), highest (of a three-tier ranking system)
  • 松下電工 【まつしたでんこう】 Matsushita Electric Works
  • 若松 【わかまつ】 young pine, New Year's symbolic pine decoration
  • 赤松 【あかまつ】 Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora), Japanese umbrella pine, tanyosho pine

Readings

Japanese names:
おお、 しょ、 ま、 まっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
song1
Korean:
song

Spanish

  • pino

Portuguese

  • pinheiro

French

  • pin
536 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
1394 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
215 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2212 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
884 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1419 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
869 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
696 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
709 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
970 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1075 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1075 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
769 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
793 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14516 Morohashi
864 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2592 New Nelson (John Haig)
785 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
848 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
483 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
508 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1871 2001 Kanji
4a4.16 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-4 SKIP code
4893.2 Four corner code
1-30-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
677e Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an alter), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

10 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 紗綾形 【サヤガタ】 sayagata (pattern of interlocking swastikas)
  • 薄紗 【ハクサ】 delicate gauze, gossamer
  • 掛袱紗 【カケブクサ】 crape wrapper
  • 紗 【シャ】 (silk) gauze
  • 紗のよう 【シャノヨウ】 gauzy
  • 寒冷紗 【カンレイシャ】 cheesecloth
  • 羅紗 【ラシャ】 felt, woollen cloth

Readings

Japanese names:
たえ、 すず
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
sha1
Korean:
sa

Spanish

  • gasa
  • hilo fino

Portuguese

French

3503 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1683 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2191 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1653 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
878 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1196 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
27287 Morohashi
1301 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4446 New Nelson (John Haig)
2673 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2714 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
6a4.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-4 SKIP code
2992.0 Four corner code
1-28-51 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7d17 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
ear
Parts:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 耶嬢 【ヤジョウ】 father and mother
  • 耶蘇 【ヤソ】 Christ
  • 三昧耶 【サンマヤ】 time, meeting, coming together, equality, warning, or riddance of hindrances (esp. in esoteric Buddhism as vows of the buddhas and bodhisattvas)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ye2, ye1
Korean:
ya

Spanish

  • interrogación
  • palabra para llamar al padre

Portuguese

French

3698 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
889 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2253 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1635 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1179 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
29008 Morohashi
1283 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4716 New Nelson (John Haig)
2680 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2720 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
6e2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-3 SKIP code
1-6-2 SKIP code
1712.7 Four corner code
1-44-77 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8036 Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
un-, not yet, hitherto, still, even now, sign of the ram, 1-3PM, eighth sign of Chinese zodiac
Kun:
いま.だま.だひつじ
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
650 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 未 【ミ】 not yet, un-
  • 未解決 【ミカイケツ】 unsettled, pending, unresolved
  • 過現未 【カゲンミ】 past, present and future, three states of existence
  • 未央柳 【ビヨウヤナギ】 Chinese hypericum (Hypericum monogynum)
  • 丁未 【ヒノトヒツジ】 Fire Sheep (44th year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1907, 1967, 2027)
  • 己未 【ツチノトヒツジ】 Earth Sheep (56th year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1919, 1979, 2039)

Kun reading compounds

  • 未だ 【まだ】 still, as yet, only, (not) yet, more, (more) still, at least, comparatively, relatively, unfinished, incomplete, not yet done
  • 未だかつて 【いまだかつて】 not until now, never yet
  • 未だ 【まだ】 still, as yet, only, (not) yet, more, (more) still, at least, comparatively, relatively, unfinished, incomplete, not yet done
  • 未だしも 【まだしも】 rather, better
  • 未 【ひつじ】 the Sheep (eighth sign of the Chinese zodiac), the Ram, the Goat, hour of the Sheep (around 2pm, 1-3pm, or 2-4pm), south-southwest, sixth month of the lunar calendar
  • 未草 【ひつじぐさ】 pygmy waterlily (Nymphaea tetragona)
  • 辛未 【かのとひつじ】 Metal Sheep (8th year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1931, 1991, 2051)
  • 乙未 【きのとひつじ】 Wood Sheep (32nd year of the sexagenary cycle, e.g. 1955, 2015, 2075)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wei4
Korean:
mi

Spanish

  • aún no
  • todavía
  • hasta ahora

Portuguese

  • já-
  • não ainda
  • até aqui
  • ainda
  • até mesmo agora

French

  • non-
  • encore
  • pas encore
  • jusqu'ici
  • même maintenant
  • signe de la 8ème branche terrestre
  • signe du Mouton (zodiaque)
  • 13 à 15 heures
872 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
617 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
794 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
801 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
179 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
626 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
615 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
210 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
306 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
306 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
583 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1048 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4318 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2185 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2941 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
221 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14419 Morohashi
3506 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2535 New Nelson (John Haig)
216 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
229 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
458 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1464 2001 Kanji
0a5.27 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
5090.0 Four corner code
1-44-4 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
672a Unicode hex code