Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
book, present, main, origin, true, real, counter for long cylindrical things
Kun:
もと
On:
ホン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
10 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 本 【ホン】 book, volume, script, this, present, current, ... in question, ... at issue, main, head, principal, real, genuine, regular, proper, counter for long, cylindrical things, counter for films, TV shows, etc., counter for goals, home runs, etc., counter for telephone calls
  • 本当 【ホントウ】 truth, reality, actuality, fact, proper, right, correct, official, genuine, authentic, real, natural, veritable
  • 製本 【セイホン】 book making (binding, publishing)
  • 配本 【ハイホン】 distribution of books

Kun reading compounds

  • 元 【もと】 origin, source, base, basis, foundation, root, cause, ingredient, material, base, mix, stock, (someone's) side, (someone's) location, original cost (or capital, principal, etc.), (plant) root, (tree) trunk, first section of a waka, counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry), handle (chopsticks, brush, etc.), grip
  • 元々 【もともと】 originally, by nature, from the start
  • 大本 【おおもと】 root, origin, source, cause, basis, foundation, Ōmoto (religion)
  • 旗本 【はたもと】 shogunal vassal, direct retainer of a shogun

Readings

Japanese names:
まと、 ごう
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ben3
Korean:
bon

Spanish

  • libro
  • origen
  • base
  • contador de cosas alargadas

Portuguese

  • livro
  • presente
  • real
  • verdadeiro
  • principal
  • sufixo p/ contagem De coisas longas

French

  • livre
  • présent
  • essentiel
  • origine
  • principal
  • réalité
  • vérité
  • compteur d'objets allongés
45 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
76 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
70 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
15 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
96 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
20 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
61 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
212 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
25 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
25 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
37 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1046 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4314 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2183 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2937 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
215 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14421 Morohashi
3502 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2536 New Nelson (John Haig)
211 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
224 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
6 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
47 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1855 2001 Kanji
0a5.25 The Kanji Dictionary
4-5-3 SKIP code
5023.0 Four corner code
1-43-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
672c Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
enclosure
Parts:
Variants:
cause, factor, be associated with, depend on, be limited to
Kun:
よ.るちな.む
On:
イン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
636 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 因 【イン】 cause, factor, hetu (direct cause, esp. as opposed to indirect conditions), the basis of one's argument (in hetuvidya)
  • 因縁 【インネン】 fate, destiny, connection, tie, bond, origin, pretext, justification, hetu and prataya (direct causes and indirect conditions, which underlie the actions of all things)
  • 原因 【ゲンイン】 cause, origin, source
  • 起因 【キイン】 to be caused by, to result from, to arise from, to stem from, to be due to, cause, origin

Kun reading compounds

  • 依る 【よる】 to be due to, to be caused by, to depend on, to turn on, to be based on, to come from, to be based at (a location, an organization), to be headquartered at
  • よるところが大きい 【よるところがおおきい】 depending largely on, playing a large role in, due largely to
  • 因む 【ちなむ】 to be associated (with), to be connected (with)

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yin1
Korean:
in

Spanish

  • causa
  • origen
  • depender de
  • contar con

Portuguese

  • causa
  • fator
  • seja associado com
  • contar com
  • ser limitado para

French

  • cause
  • facteur
  • associé à
  • dépendre de
  • limité à
548 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
643 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
614 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
646 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1026 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
462 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
420 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
311 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
554 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
563 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
406 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
337 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3792 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1936 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2629 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
590 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4693 Morohashi
3054 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
939 New Nelson (John Haig)
583 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
626 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
485 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
655 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
3s3.2 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-3 SKIP code
6043.0 Four corner code
1-16-88 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
56e0 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
boy, priest's residence, priest
On:
ボウボッ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
1832 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 坊 【ボウ】 bonze, monk, monk's dwelling, boy, son, sonny, I, me, little, person who is ...
  • 坊さん 【ボウサン】 Buddhist priest, monk, boy
  • 朝寝坊 【アサネボウ】 oversleeping, late riser
  • 通せんぼ 【トオセンボ】 blocking the way, standing in the way
  • 坊ちゃん 【ボッチャン】 (another's) son, boy, young master, green young man from a well-to-do family, young man innocent of the ways of the world
  • 坊ちゃま 【ボッチャマ】 (another's) son, boy, young master, green young man from a well-to-do family, young man innocent of the ways of the world

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
fang1, fang2
Korean:
bang

Spanish

  • chico
  • muchacho
  • sacerdote

Portuguese

  • menino
  • residência do padre
  • padre
  • seu
  • ou seu menino

French

  • garçon
  • prêtre bouddhiste
  • moine
  • résidence du moine
1807 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1203 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1062 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1676 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
430 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
389 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1858 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
2014 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
782 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
371 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
274 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
171 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
205 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
503 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4924 Morohashi
233 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
986 New Nelson (John Haig)
492 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
531 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1109 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1445 2001 Kanji
3b4.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
4012.7 Four corner code
1-43-23 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
574a Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
spear, halberd
Parts:
Variants:
war, battle, match
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
78 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 戦 【セン】 war, battle, match, game, competition
  • 戦争 【センソウ】 war, fighting, fierce competition
  • 休戦 【キュウセン】 cease-fire, truce, armistice
  • 敗戦 【ハイセン】 defeat, lost battle, losing a war

Kun reading compounds

  • 戦 【いくさ】 war, battle, campaign, fight, troops, forces
  • 戦場 【せんじょう】 battlefield, battleground
  • 負け戦 【まけいくさ】 losing a battle, lost battle, battle one cannot win, battle one is doomed to lose
  • 野合戦 【のがっせん】 battle in the open, battle on an open field
  • 戦う 【たたかう】 to make war (on), to wage war (against), to go to war (with), to fight (with), to do battle (against), to compete (against), to struggle (against adversities, etc.), to fight, to contend, to resist
  • 戦く 【おののく】 to shake (from fear, cold, excitement, etc.), to shudder, to tremble
  • 戦ぐ 【そよぐ】 to rustle, to sway, to stir, to flutter
  • 戦慄く 【わななく】 to tremble, to shiver, to shake

Readings

Japanese names:
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zhan4
Korean:
jeon

Spanish

  • guerra
  • batalla
  • lucha
  • pelear
  • batallar
  • combatir
  • luchar

Portuguese

  • guerra
  • batalha
  • disputa

French

  • guerre
  • bataille
  • match
448 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
555 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
526 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
88 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1810 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
399 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
550 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
301 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
301 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
360 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
839 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2242 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1169 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1590 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1948 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11631P Morohashi
1787 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2037 New Nelson (John Haig)
1929 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2079 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
32 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
608 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
959 2001 Kanji
4n9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-9-4 SKIP code
9355.0 Four corner code
3355.0 Four corner code
1-32-79 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6226 Unicode hex code