Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
tree, wood
Kun:
こ-
On:
ボクモク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
317 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 木刀 【ボクトウ】 wooden sword
  • 木剣 【ボッケン】 bokken, wooden sword
  • 土木 【ドボク】 engineering works, civil engineering, public works
  • 名木 【メイボク】 old tree of historical interest, excellent wood, precious woods, choice wood
  • 木 【モク】 Thursday, wood (first of the five elements)
  • 木材 【モクザイ】 lumber, timber, wood
  • 水木 【スイモク】 Wednesday and Thursday
  • 火水木 【カスイモク】 Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday

Kun reading compounds

  • 木 【き】 tree, shrub, bush, wood, timber
  • 木々 【きぎ】 (many) trees, every tree, all kinds of trees
  • 本木 【もとき】 original stock
  • 青木 【あおき】 Japanese laurel, spotted laurel, Aucuba japonica, live tree

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐ、 も、 もと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mu4
Korean:
mog, mo

Spanish

  • árbol
  • madera

Portuguese

  • árvore
  • madeira

French

  • arbre
  • bois (matière)
15 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
17 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
69 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
148 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2170 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
17 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
60 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
109 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
22 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
22 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
20 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1045 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4261 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2149 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2901 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
199 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14415 Morohashi
3450 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2531 New Nelson (John Haig)
195 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
207 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
255 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
36 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1864 2001 Kanji
4a0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
4090.0 Four corner code
1-44-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6728 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
shade, yin, negative, sex organs, secret, shadow
Kun:
かげかげ.る
On:
イン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1393 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 陰 【イン】 (the) negative (e.g. pole), yin (in Chinese divination), hidden place, unseen part, private location
  • 女神 【メガミ】 goddess, female deity
  • 山陰 【ヤマカゲ】 place in the shade of a mountain, shelter of the mountains, mountain recess
  • 外陰 【ガイイン】 vulva, pudenda

Kun reading compounds

  • 陰 【かげ】 shade, shadow, behind (something), other side, back, background, behind the scenes, behind someone's back, gloom (in someone's expression, nature, etc.), darkness
  • 陰口 【かげぐち】 malicious gossip, backbiting, speaking ill behind someone's back
  • 山陰 【やまかげ】 place in the shade of a mountain, shelter of the mountains, mountain recess
  • 物陰 【ものかげ】 place hidden from view, cover, shelter, hiding place
  • 陰る 【かげる】 to darken, to get dark, to be clouded, to be hidden (behind clouds)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
yin1
Korean:
eum

Spanish

  • sombra
  • oscuridad
  • oculto
  • negativo
  • ocultar

Portuguese

  • matiz
  • yin
  • negativa
  • órgões sexuais
  • segredo
  • sombra

French

  • Yin
  • ombre
  • négatif
  • secret
  • organes sexuels
1013 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1408 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5006 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1031 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1872 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1563 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
867 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
886 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1525 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
735 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
657 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
397 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
494 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1606 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41691 Morohashi
541 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6462 New Nelson (John Haig)
1592 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1718 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1496 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3671 2001 Kanji
2d8.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
7823.1 Four corner code
1-17-2 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9670 Unicode hex code