17 strokes
hand 手 (扌龵)
grate, rub, scratch, scrape, chafe, scour
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1485 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 擦弦楽器 【サツゲンガッキ】 bowed stringed instrument
  • 擦文 【サツモン】 brush-mark pattern (scraped into the surface of earthenware with wood)
  • 塗擦 【トサツ】 rubbing an ointment into the skin
  • 冷水摩擦 【レイスイマサツ】 rubdown with a wet towel, cold-water rubbing

Kun reading compounds

  • 擦る 【する】 to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass), to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)
  • 擦れる 【すれる】 to rub, to chafe, to wear out, to become worn, to lose one's innocence, to become sly
  • 擦る 【こする】 to rub, to scrub, to scrape
  • 擦れる 【こすれる】 to be rubbed


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):


  • frotar
  • restregar
  • rascar
  • raspar


  • arranhar
  • esfregar
  • coçar
  • escovar
  • atritar
  • explorar


  • abrasion
  • gratter
  • frotter
  • râper
  • racler
  • irriter
  • récurer
1306 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1955 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2025 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1709 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1386 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2601 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1519 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1620 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1416 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
931 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
971 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
541 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
707 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1113 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12862 Morohashi
790 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2306 New Nelson (John Haig)
1104 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1185 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1870 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1341 2001 Kanji
3c14.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-14 SKIP code
5309.1 Four corner code
1-27-04 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
64e6 Unicode hex code