Jisho

×

16 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
Variants:
maneuver, manipulate, operate, steer, chastity, virginity, fidelity
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
1016 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 操 【ミサオ】 fidelity, honour, honor, constancy, chastity (of a woman), faithfulness (e.g. to one's husband)
  • 操業 【ソウギョウ】 operation (of a machine, factory, fishing boat, etc.), work
  • 柔軟体操 【ジュウナンタイソウ】 calisthenics
  • 器械体操 【キカイタイソウ】 apparatus gymnastics, artistic gymnastics

Kun reading compounds

  • 操 【みさお】 fidelity, honour, honor, constancy, chastity (of a woman), faithfulness (e.g. to one's husband)
  • 操を守る 【みさおをまもる】 to adhere to one's principles, to preserve one's chastity
  • 操る 【あやつる】 to operate (e.g. a machine), to handle, to manage, to control, to maneuver, to steer, to have a good command of (a language), to play proficiently (of a musical instrument), to work (a puppet), to pull the strings of a puppet, to manipulate (a person, public opinion, etc.), to pull the strings, to control from the shadows, to mastermind

Readings

Japanese names:
さお、 みさ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
cao1, cao4
Korean:
jo

Spanish

  • manipular
  • manejar
  • dirigir
  • castidad
  • fidelidad
  • virtud

Portuguese

  • manobra
  • manipular
  • opera
  • pilotar
  • castidade
  • virgindade
  • fidelidade

French

  • manipuler
  • manoeuvre
  • faite marcher
  • diriger
  • chasteté
  • virginité
  • fidélité
935 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
922 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
985 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2015 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1367 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
582 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2448 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1655 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1769 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1485 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
928 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
948 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
531 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
693 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
678 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12806 Morohashi
769 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2296 New Nelson (John Haig)
671 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
724 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
995 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1364 2001 Kanji
3c13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-13 SKIP code
5609.4 Four corner code
1-33-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
64cd Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
business, vocation, arts, performance
Kun:
わざ
On:
ギョウゴウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N4
43 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 業 【ギョウ】 work, business, company, agency, study
  • 業界 【ギョウカイ】 business world, business circles, (the) industry
  • 鉱業 【コウギョウ】 mining industry
  • 興業 【コウギョウ】 promotion of industry, inauguration of a new industrial enterprise
  • 業 【ゴウ】 karma, result of one's karma, fate, destiny, uncontrollable temper
  • 業因 【ゴウイン】 karma
  • 罪業 【ザイゴウ】 sin, iniquity, crime
  • 正業 【ショウゴウ】 right action, correct meditative activity (in Jodo, saying the name of Amitabha)

Kun reading compounds

  • 業 【わざ】 deed, act, work, performance
  • 業師 【わざし】 tricky wrestler, shrewd fellow
  • 寝技 【ねわざ】 pinning technique (in wrestling or judo), underhanded dealings
  • 投げ技 【なげわざ】 throw or throwing technique (sumo, judo)

Readings

Japanese names:
なり、 のぶ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ye4
Korean:
eob

Spanish

  • negocio
  • industria
  • trabajo

Portuguese

  • negócios
  • vocação
  • artes
  • performance

French

  • activité
  • vocation
  • arts
  • représentation
  • karma
380 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
278 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
260 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
54 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
143 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
292 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
199 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2024 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.1 Japanese for Busy People
279 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
279 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
307 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1066 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3227 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1674 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2265 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1809 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
15170 Morohashi
2612 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2789 New Nelson (John Haig)
1792 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1931 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
74 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
419 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1064 2001 Kanji
0a13.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-8 SKIP code
3290.4 Four corner code
1-22-40 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
696d Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
arrow
Parts:
short, brevity, fault, defect, weak point
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
689 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 短 【タン】 fault, defect, weak point, minor, 5-point card
  • 短歌 【タンカ】 tanka, 31-mora Japanese poem
  • 長短 【チョウタン】 (relative) length, advantages and disadvantages, pluses and minuses, strong and weak points, merits and demerits
  • 車高短 【シャコウタン】 lowered car, car with lowered suspension

Kun reading compounds

  • 短い 【みじかい】 short, brief

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
duan3
Korean:
dan

Spanish

  • pequeño
  • breve
  • defecto
  • corto

Portuguese

  • curto
  • brevidade
  • falta
  • defeito
  • ponto fraco

French

  • court
  • bref
  • faute
  • défaut
  • point faible
466 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
362 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
342 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
789 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3172 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
261 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
230 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1633 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
215 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
215 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
90 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1395 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1515 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
801 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1093 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1454 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
23978 Morohashi
1182 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3982 New Nelson (John Haig)
1442 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1550 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
403 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2373 2001 Kanji
3d9.27 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-7 SKIP code
8141.8 Four corner code
1-35-27 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
77ed Unicode hex code

17 strokes
Radical:
silk 糸 (糹)
Parts:
shrink, contract, shrivel, wrinkle, reduce
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N1
909 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 縮 【シュク】 wearing armour (armor), counter for suits of armour
  • 縮小 【シュクショウ】 reduction, curtailment
  • 凝縮 【ギョウシュク】 condensation (of ideas, emotions, etc.), condensation (of a vapour or gas)
  • 濃縮 【ノウシュク】 concentration (e.g. of a solution), enrichment, condensation

Kun reading compounds

  • 縮む 【ちぢむ】 to shrink, to contract, to diminish (in size)
  • 縮まる 【ちぢまる】 to shorten, to narrow, to close, to shrink
  • 縮める 【ちぢめる】 to shorten, to reduce, to condense, to shrink, to crumple (fabric), to wrinkle, to make (one's body) smaller, to draw in (one's legs), to duck (one's head)
  • 縮れる 【ちぢれる】 to be wavy, to be curled, to be frizzled
  • 縮らす 【ちぢらす】 to curl, to crimp

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
suo1, su4
Korean:
chug

Spanish

  • acortar
  • reducir
  • restringir
  • encoger
  • contraerse
  • estar rizado
  • rizar

Portuguese

  • encolher
  • contrair
  • enrugar
  • ruga
  • reduzir

French

  • rétrécir
  • contracter
  • raccourcir
  • friser
  • réduire
904 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
893 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
924 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3608 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1142 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1646 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2813 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1110 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1162 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
884 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1558 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1790 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
955 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1290 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1348 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
27815 Morohashi
1414 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4585 New Nelson (John Haig)
1336 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1434 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
999 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2778 2001 Kanji
6a11.9 The Kanji Dictionary
1-6-11 SKIP code
2396.1 Four corner code
1-29-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7e2e Unicode hex code