Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
withdraw, draw in, hold back, refrain from, be moderate
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1000 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 控除 【コウジョ】 subtraction, deduction (e.g. tax), subsidy
  • 控訴 【コウソ】 appeal to a higher court, intermediate appeal

Kun reading compounds

  • 控える 【ひかえる】 to be temperate in, to refrain, to abstain, to hold back, to restrain oneself from excessive ..., to make notes, to jot down (e.g. phone number), to be in preparation for, to be in waiting for, to be soon, to be in the offing, to be in a close relationship (e.g. as a backer, etc.)
  • 控え 【ひかえ】 reserve, spare, backup, note, memorandum, duplicate, copy, stub (of a ticket, etc.), waiting one's turn
  • 控える 【ひかえる】 to be temperate in, to refrain, to abstain, to hold back, to restrain oneself from excessive ..., to make notes, to jot down (e.g. phone number), to be in preparation for, to be in waiting for, to be soon, to be in the offing, to be in a close relationship (e.g. as a backer, etc.)
  • お客様控え 【おきゃくさまひかえ】 customer copy (of a receipt, etc.)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong4
Korean:
gong, gang

Spanish

  • contención
  • refreno
  • moderación
  • apuntar
  • tomar nota
  • contenerse
  • refrenarse
  • moderarse

Portuguese

  • retirar
  • extrair
  • devolver
  • privar-se de
  • ser moderado

French

  • se retenir
  • s'abstenir
  • se retirer
  • réservé
  • modéré
1258 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1301 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1941 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1658 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1363 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1718 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1835 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1479 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
899 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
600 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
363 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
453 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1329 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12283 Morohashi
495 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2202 New Nelson (John Haig)
1318 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1415 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1440 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1372 2001 Kanji
3c8.11 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
5301.1 Four corner code
1-25-21 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
63a7 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
accusation, sue, complain of pain, appeal to
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
427 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 訴訟 【ソショウ】 litigation, lawsuit
  • 訴状 【ソジョウ】 petition, complaint, (legal) brief
  • 控訴 【コウソ】 appeal to a higher court, intermediate appeal
  • 敗訴 【ハイソ】 loss of a (legal) case

Kun reading compounds

  • 訴える 【うったえる】 to raise, to bring to (someone's attention), to appeal to (reason, emotions, etc.), to work on (one's emotions), to play on (one's sympathies), to complain, to sue (a person), to take someone to court, to resort to (e.g. arms, violence)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
su4
Korean:
so

Spanish

  • denuncia
  • acusación
  • demanda
  • pleito
  • denunciar
  • acusar
  • pleitear

Portuguese

  • acusação
  • processo
  • queixar-se de dor
  • apelar para

French

  • plainte
  • accusation
  • poursuites
  • faire appel
1510 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
762 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4340 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1182 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1744 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1402 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1491 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1207 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1675 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1901 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1011 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1367 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1148 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35325 Morohashi
1507 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5588 New Nelson (John Haig)
1139 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1221 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1587 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3055 2001 Kanji
7a5.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-5 SKIP code
0264.1 Four corner code
0263.1 Four corner code
1-33-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a34 Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
tree
Parts:
Variants:
abandon, throw away, discard, resign, reject, sacrifice
Kun:
す.てる
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
901 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 棄権 【キケン】 abstention (from voting), renunciation (of a right), withdrawal (from a contest)
  • 棄却 【キキャク】 rejection, dismissal, turning down, abandoning, renunciation
  • 破棄 【ハキ】 tearing up and discarding (e.g. documents), disposal (e.g. weaponry), destruction, annulment, cancellation, abrogation, voiding, breaking (e.g. treaty), reversal (of an original ruling)
  • 廃棄 【ハイキ】 disposal, abandonment, scrapping, discarding, abolition, annulment, cancellation, abrogation, repeal

Kun reading compounds

  • 捨てる 【すてる】 to throw away, to cast away, to dump, to discard, to abandon, to desert, to leave, to give up, to resign

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
qi4
Korean:
gi

Spanish

  • tirar
  • descartar
  • abandonar
  • arrojar
  • desechar

Portuguese

  • desembaraço
  • gastar
  • descartar
  • pedir demissão
  • rejeitar
  • sacrifício

French

  • abandonner
  • jeter
  • se débarrasser
  • renoncer
  • rejeter
  • sacrifier
1131 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1103 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
326 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1178 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1437 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2202 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
962 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
993 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1653 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1065 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2651 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1353 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1835 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
765 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14913X Morohashi
2137 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2787 New Nelson (John Haig)
758 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
820 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1634 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
464 2001 Kanji
2j11.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-11 SKIP code
2-4-8 SKIP code
2-4-9 SKIP code
2-2-10 SKIP code
0090.4 Four corner code
1-20-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
68c4 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
kneel
Parts:
Variants:
instead, on the contrary, rather, step back, withdraw, retreat
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
959 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷却 【レイキャク】 cooling, refrigeration
  • 売却 【バイキャク】 selling off, disposal by sale, sale

Kun reading compounds

  • 却って 【かえって】 on the contrary, rather, instead, all the more
  • 退ける 【しりぞける】 to repel, to drive away, to repulse, to reject

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
que4
Korean:
gag

Spanish

  • retirarse
  • echarse atrás
  • rechazar

Portuguese

  • ao invés
  • ao contrário
  • melhor

French

  • au lieu de
  • au contraire
  • plutôt
1145 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1252 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
808 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1680 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1114 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1783 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1915 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1616 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
252 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1436 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
761 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1034 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1407 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2856 Morohashi
1118 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
631 New Nelson (John Haig)
1395 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1497 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1101 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
2e5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-2 SKIP code
4772.0 Four corner code
1-21-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5374 Unicode hex code