9 strokes
hand 手 (扌龵)
challenge, contend for, make love to
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
989 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers


Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 挑発 【チョウハツ】 provocation, stirring up, arousal, excitement, stimulation
  • 挑戦 【チョウセン】 challenge, defiance, dare, attempt, try

Kun reading compounds

  • 挑む 【いどむ】 to challenge to (a fight, game, etc.), to throw down the gauntlet, to contend for, to tackle (e.g. a problem), to attempt, to go after (a prize, record, etc.), to pressure (someone) for sex, to make advances to


Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tiao1, tiao3
do, jo


  • desafiar
  • luchar por


  • desafio
  • lutar para
  • fazer amor


  • défier
  • rivaliser
  • provoquer
  • faire des avances
1589 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1241 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1898 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1825 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1355 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1564 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1667 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1268 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
891 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
445 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
273 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
331 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
665 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12055 Morohashi
372 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2145 New Nelson (John Haig)
658 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
710 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1260 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1357 2001 Kanji
3c6.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-6 SKIP code
5201.3 Four corner code
1-36-09 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6311 Unicode hex code