Jisho

×

20 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
state of suspension, hang, depend, consult, distant, far apart
Kun:
か.けるか.かる
On:
ケン
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
889 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 懸賞 【ケンショウ】 offering a prize, prize competition, prize, reward
  • 懸案 【ケンアン】 pending question, unresolved problem
  • 倒懸 【トウケン】 hanging (someone) upside down
  • 懸案 【ケンアン】 pending question, unresolved problem
  • 懸念 【ケネン】 worry, fear, anxiety, concern
  • 手掛け 【テカケ】 handle, mistress, kept woman, concubine
  • 首懸 【コウガケ】 leather strap put across a horse's neck

Kun reading compounds

  • 掛ける 【かける】 to hang up (e.g. a coat, a picture on the wall), to let hang, to suspend (from), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag), to put on (e.g. a blanket), to put on top of, to cover, to lay, to spread, to put on (glasses, etc.), to wear (a necklace, etc.), to make (a call), to spend (time, money), to expend, to use, to pour (liquid) onto, to sprinkle (powder or spices) onto, to splash, to throw (e.g. water) onto, to turn on (engine, radio, etc.), to set (dial, alarm clock, etc.), to put on (DVD, song, etc.), to use (device, implement, etc.), to cause (somebody inconvenience, trouble, etc.), to burden (someone), to impose, to multiply (arithmetic operation), to secure (e.g. lock), to take a seat, to sit, to rest (something on something else), to support (something on something else), to bind, to wager, to bet, to risk, to stake, to gamble, to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on, to hold (a play, festival, etc.), to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.), to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.), to increase further, to catch (in a trap, etc.), to set atop, to erect (a makeshift building), to apply (insurance), to pun (on a word), to use (a word) as a pivot word, to play on words, to be partway doing ..., to begin (but not complete) ..., to be about to ..., to address (someone), to direct (something, to someone), to do (something, to someone)
  • 掛かる 【かかる】 to take (a resource, e.g. time or money), to hang, to come into view, to arrive, to come under (a contract, a tax), to start (engines, motors), to attend, to deal with, to handle, to have started to, to be on the verge of, to overlap (e.g. information in a manual), to cover, to (come) at, to be fastened, to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.), to be caught in, to get a call, to depend on

Readings

Chinese:
xuan2
Korean:
hyeon

Spanish

  • suspender
  • colgar
  • depender
  • estar suspendido

Portuguese

  • suspender
  • pendurar
  • 10%
  • instalar
  • depender
  • consultar

French

  • suspendre
  • pendre
  • 10%
  • installer
  • dépendre
  • consulter
1225 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1275 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1790 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1283 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1328 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2984 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
911 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
933 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
450 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
806 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3632 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1855 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2532 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1406 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
11462 Morohashi
2915 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2011 New Nelson (John Haig)
1394 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1495 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1930 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1258 2001 Kanji
4k16.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-16-4 SKIP code
6233.9 Four corner code
2233.9 Four corner code
1-23-92 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
61f8 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
shell
Parts:
prize, reward, praise
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
426 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 賞 【ショウ】 prize, award
  • 賞金 【ショウキン】 prize money, monetary award, reward
  • 懸賞 【ケンショウ】 offering a prize, prize competition, prize, reward
  • 副賞 【フクショウ】 extra prize

Kun reading compounds

  • 褒める 【ほめる】 to praise, to commend, to compliment, to speak well of, to speak highly of

Readings

Chinese:
shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • premio
  • recompensa

Portuguese

  • prêmio
  • recompensa
  • elogio

French

  • prix
  • récompense
  • louanges
641 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
542 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
511 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
507 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1372 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
621 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
930 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2377 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
500 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
509 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
711 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1738 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3237 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1677 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2274 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
804 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
36813 Morohashi
2618 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5815 New Nelson (John Haig)
796 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
859 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
625 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1061 2001 Kanji
3n12.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-10 SKIP code
2-3-12 SKIP code
9080.6 Four corner code
1-30-62 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8cde Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
argument, discourse
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
227 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 論 【ロン】 argument, discussion, dispute, controversy, discourse, debate, theory (e.g. of evolution), doctrine, essay, treatise, comment
  • 論客 【ロンキャク】 controversialist
  • 公論 【コウロン】 public opinion, unbiased criticism, unbiassed criticism
  • 対論 【タイロン】 arguing face to face

Kun reading compounds

  • 論う 【あげつらう】 to discuss, to find fault with, to criticize, to criticise

Readings

Chinese:
lun4, lun2
Korean:
ron, yun

Spanish

  • teoría
  • argumento
  • discurso

Portuguese

  • argumento
  • discurso

French

  • argumentation
  • discours
881 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
1006 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
996 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
267 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4391 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
406 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
908 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2320 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
293 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
293 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
496 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1700 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1981 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1058 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1424 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1837 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35658 Morohashi
1574 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5646 New Nelson (John Haig)
1820 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1961 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
110 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
989 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3053 2001 Kanji
7a8.13 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-8 SKIP code
0862.7 Four corner code
1-47-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ad6 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
script, literature
Parts:
sentence, literature, style, art, decoration, figures, plan, literary radical (no. 67)
Kun:
ふみあや
On:
ブンモン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
190 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 文 【ブン】 sentence, composition, text, writings, the literary arts (as opposed to the military arts), academia, literature, statement
  • 文化 【ブンカ】 culture, civilization, civilisation, Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
  • 公文 【コウブン】 official document, archives
  • 異文 【イブン】 variant (in a manuscript or book), part of a text that differs from other versions
  • 紋 【モン】 (family) crest, coat of arms, pattern, figure
  • 文 【モン】 mon, one-thousandth of a kan (unit of currency 1336-1870), 2.4 cm (traditional unit used to measure shoe sizes), letter, character, sentence, scripture, incantation
  • 人文 【ジンブン】 humanity, civilization, civilisation, culture
  • 縄文 【ジョウモン】 straw-rope pattern pressed into earthenware, Jōmon period (ca. 14000-1000 BCE)

Kun reading compounds

  • 文 【ふみ】 letter, writings
  • 文香 【ふみこう】 scented insert (to enclose with a letter), perfumed insert
  • 雁の文 【かりのふみ】 (a) letter
  • 日文 【ひふみ】 Hifumi (script)
  • 綾 【あや】 figure, design, twill weave, pattern of diagonal stripes, style (of writing), figure (of speech), design, plot, plan, minor market fluctuation, technical correction, cat's cradle, lease rod (in a loom)
  • 文無鳥 【あやなしどり】 lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
  • 言葉は身の文 【ことばはみのあや】 words betray one's character

Readings

Japanese names:
かざり、 ふ、 も
Chinese:
wen2, wen4
Korean:
mun

Spanish

  • letras
  • literatura

Portuguese

  • sentença
  • literatura
  • estilo
  • arte
  • decoração
  • figuras
  • plano

French

  • phrase
  • littérature
  • style
  • art
  • décoration
  • figure (de style)
  • plan
  • radical littéraire (no. 67)
134 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
77 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
68 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
136 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2064 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
71 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
180 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
86 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
111 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
111 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
320 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
949 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2458 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1708 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1741 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13450 Morohashi
1962 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2364 New Nelson (John Haig)
1725 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1861 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
89 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
35 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
2j2.4 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-2 SKIP code
0040.0 Four corner code
1-42-24 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6587 Unicode hex code