Jisho

×

11 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
wretched, disaster, cruelty, harsh
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1463 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 惨 【サン】 appalling
  • 惨事 【サンジ】 disaster, tragedy, tragic incident, horrible accident
  • 凄惨 【セイサン】 ghastly, gruesome, appalling, lurid
  • 陰惨 【インサン】 sadness and gloom
  • 残酷 【ザンコク】 cruel, brutal, ruthless, merciless, inhuman
  • 残虐 【ザンギャク】 cruel, brutal, savage, barbarous
  • 冷酷無惨 【レイコクムザン】 cruel and heartless, merciless, implacable, cold-blooded

Kun reading compounds

  • 惨め 【みじめ】 miserable, wretched, unhappy, sad, pitiable
  • 惨い 【むごい】 cruel, merciless, pitiless, brutal, atrocious, inhuman, tragic, horrible, terrible, dreadful, miserable, ugly, horrifying

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
can3, can4
Korean:
cham, chim

Spanish

  • cruel
  • horrible
  • desastroso

Portuguese

  • desprezível
  • desastre
  • crueldade
  • severo

French

  • choquant
  • misérable
  • désastre
  • cruauté
  • rude
1309 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1470 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1713 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1304 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1304 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1725 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1843 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1457 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
818 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
585 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
354 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
441 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1737 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10850 Morohashi
483 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1896 New Nelson (John Haig)
1721 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1857 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1433 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1160 2001 Kanji
4k8.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
9302.2 Four corner code
1-27-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
60e8 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
wine, alcohol
Parts:
cruel, severe, atrocious, unjust
Kun:
ひど.い
On:
コク
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1596 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 酷 【コク】 severe, harsh, stringent, rigorous, strict, unfair
  • 酷寒 【コッカン】 severe cold, intense cold, bitter cold
  • 残忍冷酷 【ザンニンレイコク】 atrocious and cold-blooded, cruel, brutal, merciless
  • 厳酷 【ゲンコク】 severity, rigor, rigour

Kun reading compounds

  • 酷い 【ひどい】 cruel, heartless, hard, harsh, severe, violent, intense, strong, heavy, extreme, very bad, terrible, awful, excessive, exorbitant, unreasonable, outrageous, unfair, unjust
  • ひどい仕打ち 【ひどいしうち】 cruel treatment, raw deal, kick in the pants

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ku4
Korean:
hog

Spanish

  • severidad
  • crueldad
  • atrocidad
  • injusticia

Portuguese

  • injusto
  • cruel
  • severo

French

  • cruel
  • atroce
  • sévère
  • injuste
1273 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1702 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4788 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1591 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1837 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1711 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1828 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1596 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1796 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1967 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1048 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1414 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1443 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
39870P Morohashi
1562 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6176 New Nelson (John Haig)
1431 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1539 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1735 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3277 2001 Kanji
7e7.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-7 SKIP code
1466.1 Four corner code
1-25-83 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9177 Unicode hex code