Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
enlightenment, perceive, discern, realize, understand
Kun:
さと.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1411 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 悟性 【ゴセイ】 wisdom, understanding
  • 悟達 【ゴタツ】 attaining enlightenment
  • 大悟 【タイゴ】 enlightenment, great wisdom
  • 穎悟 【エイゴ】 intelligent, shrewd

Kun reading compounds

  • 悟る 【さとる】 to perceive, to sense, to discern, to understand, to comprehend, to realize, to attain enlightenment

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
wu4
Korean:
o

Spanish

  • percibir
  • discernir
  • percatarse
  • darse cuenta

Portuguese

  • Iluminação (budismo)
  • perceber
  • discernir
  • compreender
  • compreende

French

  • illumination
  • Eveil
  • percevoir
  • discerner
  • réaliser
  • comprendre
1239 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1479 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1700 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1104 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1297 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1053 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1438 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1528 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1454 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
816 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
502 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
312 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
379 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
629 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10680 Morohashi
419 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1870 New Nelson (John Haig)
622 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
669 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1335 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1177 2001 Kanji
4k7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-7 SKIP code
9106.1 Four corner code
1-24-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
609f Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
cave
Parts:
empty, sky, void, vacant, vacuum
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N4
304 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 空 【クウ】 empty air, sky, shunyata, emptiness, the lack of an immutable intrinsic nature within any phenomenon, air force, fruitlessness, meaninglessness, void (one of the five elements), empty (e.g. set)
  • 空域 【クウイキ】 airspace
  • 領空 【リョウクウ】 territorial airspace
  • 防空 【ボウクウ】 air defense, air defence

Kun reading compounds

  • 空 【そら】 sky, the air, the heavens, weather, far-off place, distant place, state of mind, feeling, (from) memory, (by) heart, falsehood, lie, somehow, vaguely, fake
  • 空模様 【そらもよう】 look of the sky, weather
  • 定めなき空 【さだめなきそら】 changeable weather
  • 晴れた空 【はれたそら】 clear sky, cloudless sky
  • 開く 【あく】 to open (e.g. doors), to open (e.g. business, etc.), to be empty, to be vacant, to be available, to be free, to be open (e.g. neckline, etc.), to have been opened (of one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to come to an end, to open (one's eyes, mouth, etc.), to have a hole, to form a gap, to have an interval (between events)
  • 空き 【あき】 space, room, gap, emptiness, vacancy, opening, empty seat, free time, time to spare, disuse, unused thing
  • 空き缶 【あきかん】 empty can
  • 開ける 【あける】 to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package), to unlock, to open (for business, etc.), to empty, to remove, to make space, to make room, to move out, to clear out, to be away from (e.g. one's house), to leave (temporarily), to dawn, to grow light, to end (of a period, season), to begin (of the New Year), to leave (one's schedule) open, to make time (for), to make (a hole), to open up (a hole)
  • 空 【から】 emptiness, vacuum, blank
  • 空手 【からて】 karate, empty handed
  • もぬけの殻 【もぬけのから】 completely empty (of a residence, etc.), vacant, deserted, body from which the soul has left, corpse, shed skin (of a snake, insect, etc.)
  • 空く 【すく】 to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty, to be hungry
  • 空かす 【すかす】 to feel hungry, to get hungry
  • 虚しい 【むなしい】 empty, void, vacant, vain, fruitless, futile, ineffective, lifeless

Readings

Japanese names:
うつ、 き、 く
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong1, kong4
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • cielo
  • atmósfera
  • vacío
  • vacante
  • quedarse vacío
  • vaciar

Portuguese

  • esvaziar
  • ceú
  • desocupado
  • vazio
  • vácuo

French

  • vide
  • ciel
  • vacant
  • creux
65 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
66 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
15 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
233 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3317 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
184 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
77 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
723 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.17 Japanese for Busy People
140 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
140 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
461 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1452 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2767 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1418 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1913 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1327 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
25415 Morohashi
2227 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4192 New Nelson (John Haig)
1317 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1414 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
304 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
73 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
772 2001 Kanji
3m5.12 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-5-3 SKIP code
3010.1 Four corner code
1-22-85 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
7a7a Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
large, big
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
7 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 大 【ダイ】 large, big, great, huge, vast, major, important, serious, severe, great, prominent, eminent, distinguished, -sized, as big as, the size of, university, large (e.g. serving size), large option, long month (i.e. having 31 days)
  • 大英博物館 【ダイエイハクブツカン】 British Museum
  • 国大 【コクダイ】 national university
  • 電通大 【デンツウダイ】 University of Electro-Communications
  • 大 【タイ】 nth year in the Taishō era (1912.7.30-1926.12.25)
  • 大尉 【タイイ】 captain (Army, U.S. Marine Corps, USAF), lieutenant (Navy), flight lieutenant (RAF, RAAF, RNZAF, etc.)
  • 負荷増大 【フカゾウタイ】 load increase
  • 御大 【オンタイ】 boss, governor, headman

Kun reading compounds

  • 大きい 【おおきい】 big, large, great, loud, extensive, spacious, important, decisive, valuable, older, grown up

Readings

Japanese names:
うふ、 お、 おう、 た、 たかし、 とも、 はじめ、 ひろ、 ひろし、 まさ、 まさる、 もと、 わ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
da4, dai4
Korean:
dae, da, tae

Spanish

  • grande
  • muy
  • mucho

Portuguese

  • grande
  • enorme

French

  • grand
22 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
25 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
53 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
7 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1171 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
32 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
40 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
48 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.2 Japanese for Busy People
26 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
26 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
87 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
408 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4224 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2133 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2882 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
108 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5831 Morohashi
3416 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1133 New Nelson (John Haig)
107 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
112 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
5 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
14 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1463 2001 Kanji
0a3.18 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-4 SKIP code
4003.0 Four corner code
1-34-71 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5927 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
open country
Parts:
Variants:
risk, face, defy, dare, damage, assume (a name)
Kun:
おか.す
On:
ボウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1317 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冒頭 【ボウトウ】 beginning, start, outset
  • 冒険 【ボウケン】 adventure, venture, venture which is unlikely to succeed, risky attempt, danger, hazard, risk
  • 感冒 【カンボウ】 cold (illness)
  • 流行性感冒 【リュウコウセイカンボウ】 influenza, flu

Kun reading compounds

  • 冒す 【おかす】 to brave, to risk, to face, to venture, to harm, to afflict, to affect, to desecrate, to profane, to assume (someone else's surname), to take

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mao4, mo4
Korean:
mo, mog

Spanish

  • riesgo
  • desafío
  • afrenta
  • comienzo
  • desafiar
  • atreverse
  • atacar

Portuguese

  • risco
  • enfrentar
  • desafiar
  • ousar
  • prejuízo
  • assumir (um nome)

French

  • risque
  • affronter
  • braver
  • défier
  • dommage
  • emprunter (un nom)
1812 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1483 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2117 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1463 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1079 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1104 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1156 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1669 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1384 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3088 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1576 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2155 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
18 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
1538X Morohashi
2434 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3915 New Nelson (John Haig)
18 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
18 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1263 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3879 2001 Kanji
4c5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-5 SKIP code
6060.0 Four corner code
1-43-33 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5192 Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
mound, dam (阝 left) 阜 (阝)
Parts:
Variants:
precipitous, inaccessible place, impregnable position, steep place, sharp eyes
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N3
707 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 険 【ケン】 steepness, steep place, harsh (look), sharp (tongue)
  • 険悪 【ケンアク】 dangerous, perilous, threatening, stormy, volatile, tense, critical, serious, stern (expression), hostile (attitude), sharp, harsh
  • 損害保険 【ソンガイホケン】 damage insurance
  • 社会保険 【シャカイホケン】 social insurance

Kun reading compounds

  • 険しい 【けわしい】 precipitous, rugged, inaccessible, impregnable, steep, grim, severe, stern
  • 険しい顔 【けわしいかお】 grim face

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xian3
Korean:
heom

Spanish

  • escarpado
  • inaccesible
  • peligroso
  • difícil

Portuguese

  • íngreme
  • lugar inacessível
  • posição inexpugnável
  • lugar escarpado
  • olhos agudos

French

  • à pic
  • escarpé
  • raide
  • lieu inaccessible
  • position imprenable
  • regard aiguisé
770 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
689 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
662 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
616 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5000 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
356 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
988 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1308 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
533 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
542 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
790 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
736 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
658 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
398 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
495 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1688 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
41721P Morohashi
542 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6456 New Nelson (John Haig)
1672 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1802 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
731 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3663 2001 Kanji
2d8.8 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-8 SKIP code
7823.6 Four corner code
1-24-17 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
967a Unicode hex code