Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
878 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 恐慌 【キョウコウ】 panic, scare, consternation
  • 恐喝 【キョウカツ】 blackmail, extortion, threat (to extort money)
  • 戦々恐々 【センセンキョウキョウ】 trembling with fear, filled with trepidation
  • 最恐 【サイキョウ】 scariest, most frightening

Kun reading compounds

  • 恐れる 【おそれる】 to fear, to be afraid of
  • 恐る 【おそる】 to fear, to be afraid
  • 恐る恐る 【おそるおそる】 fearfully, timidly, nervously, cautiously, gingerly
  • 恐ろしい 【おそろしい】 terrible, dreadful, terrifying, frightening, surprising, startling, tremendous, amazing
  • 恐ろしい思いをする 【おそろしいおもいをする】 to find oneself fearful, to have an awful time
  • 怖い 【こわい】 scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful
  • 怖いもの見たさ 【こわいものみたさ】 curiosity of fear, urge to look at something frightening, wanting to take a peek at something unpleasant
  • 怖がる 【こわがる】 to be afraid of, to fear, to dread, to be nervous (about), to be shy (of)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong3
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • miedo
  • temor
  • sobrecogimiento
  • tener miedo
  • temer
  • temible
  • pavoroso
  • espantoso

Portuguese

  • medo
  • temer
  • temor

French

  • peur
  • épouvante
  • crainte
1167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
951 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1685 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
537 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1602 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1709 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
759 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
780 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3283 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2306 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
620 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10552X Morohashi
2650 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1853 New Nelson (John Haig)
613 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
660 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
497 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1330 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3158 2001 Kanji
4k6.19 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-4 SKIP code
1733.1 Four corner code
1-22-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6050 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
dreadful, be frightened, fearful
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
1325 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 畏怖 【イフ】 awe, fear, dread, fright
  • 死の恐怖 【シノキョウフ】 fear of death

Kun reading compounds

  • 怖い 【こわい】 scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful
  • 怖い顔 【こわいかお】 grim face, angry look
  • 怖がる 【こわがる】 to be afraid of, to fear, to dread, to be nervous (about), to be shy (of)
  • 怖じる 【おじる】 to be scared
  • 恐れる 【おそれる】 to fear, to be afraid of

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bu4
Korean:
po

Spanish

  • temor
  • miedo
  • estar asustado

Portuguese

  • terrível
  • assustar-se
  • medroso

French

  • effrayant
  • affreux
  • épouvantable
  • faire peur
1749 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1593 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1662 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1784 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
534 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1814 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1959 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1451 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
810 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
353 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
219 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
263 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
630 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10450 Morohashi
296 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1817 New Nelson (John Haig)
623 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
670 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1173 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1144 2001 Kanji
4k5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
9402.7 Four corner code
1-41-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6016 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
head, counter for large animals
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
433 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭角 【トウカク】 top of the head
  • 教頭 【キョウトウ】 deputy head teacher, vice principal
  • 会頭 【カイトウ】 society president
  • 頭 【ズ】 head
  • 頭打ち 【アタマウチ】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 竜頭 【リュウズ】 crown (of a watch), stem, cannon (of a bell), something in the shape of a dragon's head (esp. a helmet crest)
  • 飛竜頭 【ヒリョウズ】 filhos (traditional Portuguese dessert), deep-fried tofu mixed with thinly sliced vegetables
  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭角 【トウカク】 top of the head
  • 鳥兜 【トリカブト】 aconite (esp. species Aconitum japonicum), wolfsbane, monkshood, traditional bugaku hat

Kun reading compounds

  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭打ち 【あたまうち】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 石頭 【いしあたま】 obstinate person, stubbornness, pigheadedness, hard head (like a rock)
  • ごま塩頭 【ごましおあたま】 salt and pepper hair, dark hair streaked with gray
  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭文字 【かしらもじ】 first letter of a word, capital letter (at the start of a word or sentence), initials (of one's name)
  • 鯛の尾より鰯の頭 【たいのおよりいわしのかしら】 better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion
  • め組の頭 【めぐみのかしら】 fire brigade chief (in Edo), chief fireman
  • 頭 【こうべ】 head
  • 頭を振る 【かぶりをふる】 to shake one's head (in denial)

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ、 がみ、 ちゃん、 つむり、 づ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tou2, tou5
Korean:
du

Spanish

  • cabeza
  • principio
  • delantera

Portuguese

  • cabeça
  • sufixo para contagem de animais grandes

French

  • tête
  • compteur de gros animaux
294 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
203 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
186 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
386 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4469 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
519 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
275 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2504 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
276 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
276 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
166 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1889 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2019 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1073 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1450 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1453 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43490 Morohashi
1604 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6639 New Nelson (John Haig)
1441 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1549 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
234 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
238 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3061 2001 Kanji
9a7.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-9 SKIP code
1118.6 Four corner code
1-38-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
982d Unicode hex code

11 strokes
Radical:
meat 肉 (⺼)
Parts:
Variants:
brain, memory
Kun:
のうずる
On:
ノウドウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
459 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 脳 【ノウ】 brain, brains, mind
  • 脳死 【ノウシ】 brain death
  • 大脳 【ダイノウ】 cerebrum
  • 洗脳 【センノウ】 brainwashing

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
nao3
Korean:
noe

Spanish

  • cerebro
  • sesos
  • intelecto

Portuguese

  • cérebro
  • memória

French

  • cerveau
  • mémoire
964 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
954 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
621 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
3774 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
927 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
849 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1278 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1352 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1109 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1036 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1227 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
665 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
888 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1953 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
29567P Morohashi
975 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4821 New Nelson (John Haig)
1934 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2084 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
930 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3975 2001 Kanji
4b7.7 The Kanji Dictionary
1-4-7 SKIP code
7927.2 Four corner code
7227.2 Four corner code
1-39-30 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8133 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
rap 攴 (攵)
Parts:
reformation, change, modify, mend, renew, examine, inspect, search
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N2
147 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 改 【カイ】 revision
  • 改革 【カイカク】 reform, reformation, reorganization
  • 更改 【コウカイ】 renewal, extension, revision
  • 契約更改 【ケイヤクコウカイ】 contract renewal

Kun reading compounds

  • 改める 【あらためる】 to change, to alter, to revise, to replace, to reform, to correct, to mend, to improve, to examine, to check, to inspect, to do properly, to do formally
  • 改まる 【あらたまる】 to be renewed, to change, to be improved, to be reformed, to be revised, to be corrected, to stand on ceremony, to be formal, to take a turn for the worse (of an illness), to take a serious turn

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gai3
Korean:
gae

Spanish

  • reforma
  • cambio
  • investigación
  • cambiar
  • reformar
  • renovar
  • revisar
  • investigar

Portuguese

  • reforma
  • mudança
  • modificar
  • umsertar
  • renovar
  • examinar
  • inspecionar
  • pesquisar

French

  • réforme
  • changer
  • modifier
  • améliorer
  • renouveler
  • examiner
  • inspecter
  • chercher
359 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
458 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
435 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
294 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1464 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
691 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
584 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
379 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
514 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
523 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
726 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
933 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
287 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
180 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
216 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
534 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13114 Morohashi
243 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2332 New Nelson (John Haig)
528 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
567 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
289 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
475 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3566 2001 Kanji
4i3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-4 SKIP code
1874.0 Four corner code
1-18-94 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6539 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
leather, rawhide
Parts:
Variants:
leather, skin, reform, become serious
Kun:
かわ
On:
カク
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N2
249 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 革命 【カクメイ】 revolution, 58th year of the sexagenary cycle (in Onmyōdō)
  • 革新 【カクシン】 reform, innovation
  • 行革 【ギョウカク】 administrative reform
  • 農地改革 【ノウチカイカク】 agrarian reform

Kun reading compounds

  • 革 【かわ】 leather
  • 革靴 【かわぐつ】 leather shoes, leather boots
  • 藍革 【あいかわ】 indigo-dyed leather
  • 負い革 【おいかわ】 sling (e.g. of a firearm)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ge2, ji2, ji3
Korean:
hyeog, geug

Spanish

  • cuero
  • piel
  • reforma
  • cambio

Portuguese

  • couro
  • torna-se sério
  • pele
  • esconder
  • pelêgo

French

  • cuir
  • peau
  • fourrure
  • devenir sérieux
  • rénovation
  • réforme
746 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
836 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
821 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
686 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5088 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
811 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1003 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
937 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1075 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1123 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
996 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1877 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3099 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1582 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2163 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1911 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
42710 Morohashi
2448 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6570 New Nelson (John Haig)
1893 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
2041 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
487 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
877 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1955 2001 Kanji
3k6.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-4-5 SKIP code
2-3-5 SKIP code
2-3-6 SKIP code
4450.6 Four corner code
1-19-55 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9769 Unicode hex code