Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
878 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 恐慌 【キョウコウ】 panic, scare, consternation
  • 恐喝 【キョウカツ】 blackmail, extortion, threat (to extort money)
  • 戦々恐々 【センセンキョウキョウ】 trembling with fear, filled with trepidation
  • 最恐 【サイキョウ】 scariest, most frightening

Kun reading compounds

  • 恐れる 【おそれる】 to fear, to be afraid of
  • 恐る 【おそる】 to fear, to be afraid
  • 恐る恐る 【おそるおそる】 fearfully, timidly, nervously, cautiously, gingerly
  • 恐ろしい 【おそろしい】 terrible, dreadful, terrifying, frightening, surprising, startling, tremendous, amazing
  • 恐ろしい思いをする 【おそろしいおもいをする】 to find oneself fearful, to have an awful time
  • 怖い 【こわい】 scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful
  • 怖いもの見たさ 【こわいものみたさ】 curiosity of fear, urge to look at something frightening, wanting to take a peek at something unpleasant
  • 怖がる 【こわがる】 to be afraid of, to fear, to dread, to be nervous (about), to be shy (of)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
kong3
Korean:
gong

Spanish

  • miedo
  • temor
  • sobrecogimiento
  • tener miedo
  • temer
  • temible
  • pavoroso
  • espantoso

Portuguese

  • medo
  • temer
  • temor

French

  • peur
  • épouvante
  • crainte
1167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
951 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1685 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1163 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
537 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1602 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1709 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
759 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
780 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3283 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1696 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2306 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
620 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10552X Morohashi
2650 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1853 New Nelson (John Haig)
613 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
660 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
497 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
1330 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3158 2001 Kanji
4k6.19 The Kanji Dictionary
2-6-4 SKIP code
1733.1 Four corner code
1-22-18 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6050 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
dreadful, be frightened, fearful
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N3
1325 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 畏怖 【イフ】 awe, fear, dread, fright
  • 死の恐怖 【シノキョウフ】 fear of death

Kun reading compounds

  • 怖い 【こわい】 scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful
  • 怖い顔 【こわいかお】 grim face, angry look
  • 怖がる 【こわがる】 to be afraid of, to fear, to dread, to be nervous (about), to be shy (of)
  • 怖じる 【おじる】 to be scared
  • 恐れる 【おそれる】 to fear, to be afraid of

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bu4
Korean:
po

Spanish

  • temor
  • miedo
  • estar asustado

Portuguese

  • terrível
  • assustar-se
  • medroso

French

  • effrayant
  • affreux
  • épouvantable
  • faire peur
1749 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1593 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1662 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1784 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
534 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1814 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1959 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1451 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
810 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
353 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
219 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
263 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
630 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10450 Morohashi
296 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1817 New Nelson (John Haig)
623 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
670 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1173 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1144 2001 Kanji
4k5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
9402.7 Four corner code
1-41-61 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6016 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
accusation, sue, complain of pain, appeal to
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
427 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 訴状 【ソジョウ】 petition, complaint, (legal) brief
  • 訴訟 【ソショウ】 litigation, lawsuit
  • 公訴 【コウソ】 accusation, prosecution
  • 提訴 【テイソ】 presenting a case, suing

Kun reading compounds

  • 訴える 【うったえる】 to raise, to bring to (someone's attention), to appeal to (reason, emotions, etc.), to work on (one's emotions), to play on (one's sympathies), to complain, to sue (a person), to take someone to court, to resort to (e.g. arms, violence)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
su4
Korean:
so

Spanish

  • denuncia
  • acusación
  • demanda
  • pleito
  • denunciar
  • acusar
  • pleitear

Portuguese

  • acusação
  • processo
  • queixar-se de dor
  • apelar para

French

  • plainte
  • accusation
  • poursuites
  • faire appel
1510 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
762 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4340 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1182 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1744 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1402 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1491 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1207 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1675 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1901 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1011 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1367 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1148 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35325 Morohashi
1507 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5588 New Nelson (John Haig)
1139 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1221 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1587 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3055 2001 Kanji
7a5.2 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-5 SKIP code
0264.1 Four corner code
0263.1 Four corner code
1-33-42 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a34 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
argument, discourse
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 6
JLPT level N3
227 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 論 【ロン】 argument, discussion, dispute, controversy, discourse, debate, theory (e.g. of evolution), doctrine, essay, treatise, comment
  • 論客 【ロンキャク】 controversialist
  • 公論 【コウロン】 public opinion, unbiased criticism, unbiassed criticism
  • 対論 【タイロン】 arguing face to face

Kun reading compounds

  • 論う 【あげつらう】 to discuss, to find fault with, to criticize, to criticise

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
lun4, lun2
Korean:
ron, yun

Spanish

  • teoría
  • argumento
  • discurso

Portuguese

  • argumento
  • discurso

French

  • argumentation
  • discours
881 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
1006 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
996 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
267 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4391 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
406 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
908 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2320 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
293 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
293 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
496 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1700 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1981 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1058 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1424 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1837 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35658 Morohashi
1574 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5646 New Nelson (John Haig)
1820 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1961 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
110 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
989 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3053 2001 Kanji
7a8.13 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-8 SKIP code
0862.7 Four corner code
1-47-32 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8ad6 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
speech 言 (訁)
Parts:
Variants:
evidence, proof, certificate
Kun:
あかし
On:
ショウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N1
306 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 証 【アカシ】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition
  • 証券 【ショウケン】 bond, bill, certificate, security
  • 査証 【サショウ】 visa, endorsing (e.g. a passport), stamping
  • 偽証 【ギショウ】 false evidence, perjury, false testimony

Kun reading compounds

  • 証 【あかし】 proof, evidence, sign, testimony, vindication, certificate, license, membership card, to testify (usu. Christian religious context), enlightenment, symptoms (in Chinese medicine), patient's condition

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
zheng4
Korean:
jeung

Spanish

  • evidencia
  • prueba
  • testimonio
  • certificado

Portuguese

  • evidência
  • prova
  • certificado

French

  • preuve
  • évidence
  • certificat
816 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
737 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
715 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
430 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4341 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
697 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1746 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1660 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
484 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
493 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
666 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1672 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1899 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1010 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1365 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
386 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
35341 Morohashi
1506 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
5589 New Nelson (John Haig)
380 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
406 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
448 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
754 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3073 2001 Kanji
7a5.5 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-5 SKIP code
0161.1 Four corner code
1-30-58 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
8a3c Unicode hex code