Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
heart, mind, spirit, heart radical (no. 61)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
157 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 心 【シン】 heart, mind, spirit, vitality, inner strength, bottom of one's heart, core (of one's character), nature, centre, center, core, heart, heart (organ), Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions), friend
  • 心臓 【シンゾウ】 heart, guts, nerve, cheek, gall, spine, central part
  • 安心 【アンシン】 relief, peace of mind
  • 決心 【ケッシン】 determination, resolution

Kun reading compounds

  • 心 【こころ】 mind, heart, spirit, the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
  • 心得る 【こころえる】 to know, to understand, to be aware of, to regard as, to take for, to consent, to agree
  • 我が心 【わがこころ】 my heart
  • 静心 【しずごころ】 calm mind, placid temperament

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xin1
Korean:
sim

Spanish

  • corazón
  • centro

Portuguese

  • coração
  • mente
  • espírito

French

  • coeur
  • esprit
  • radical coeur (no. 61)
95 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
164 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
147 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
139 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1645 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
80 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
172 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
49 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
97 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
97 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
172 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
766 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
11 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
602 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10295 Morohashi
11 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1780 New Nelson (John Haig)
595 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
639 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
64 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
96 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
358 2001 Kanji
4k0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-3 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
3300.0 Four corner code
1-31-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fc3 Unicode hex code

16 strokes
Radical:
leaf
Parts:
head, counter for large animals
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
433 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭取 【トウドリ】 (bank) president, greenroom manager (in a theater)
  • 先頭 【セントウ】 head (of a line, group, etc.), front, lead, forefront, vanguard
  • 没頭 【ボットウ】 immersing oneself in, being absorbed in, devoting oneself to, giving oneself up entirely to
  • 頭 【ズ】 head
  • 頭痛 【ズツウ】 headache
  • 馬頭 【メズ】 horse-headed demon (in hell)
  • 竜頭 【リュウズ】 crown (of a watch), stem, cannon (of a bell), something in the shape of a dragon's head (esp. a helmet crest)
  • 頭 【トウ】 counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle), counter for insects in a collection, counter for helmets, masks, etc.
  • 頭取 【トウドリ】 (bank) president, greenroom manager (in a theater)
  • 鳥兜 【トリカブト】 aconite (esp. species Aconitum japonicum), wolfsbane, monkshood, traditional bugaku hat

Kun reading compounds

  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭打ち 【あたまうち】 reaching a peak, reaching the limit, plateauing, maxing out
  • 石頭 【いしあたま】 obstinate person, stubbornness, pigheadedness, hard head (like a rock)
  • ごま塩頭 【ごましおあたま】 salt and pepper hair, dark hair streaked with gray
  • 頭 【あたま】 head, hair (on one's head), mind, brains, intellect, leader, chief, boss, captain, top, tip, beginning, start, head, person, down payment, deposit, top structural component of a kanji, pair
  • 頭文字 【かしらもじ】 first letter of a word, capital letter (at the start of a word or sentence), initials (of one's name)
  • 鯛の尾より鰯の頭 【たいのおよりいわしのかしら】 better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion
  • め組の頭 【めぐみのかしら】 fire brigade chief (in Edo), chief fireman
  • 頭 【こうべ】 head
  • 頭を振る 【かぶりをふる】 to shake one's head (in denial)

Readings

Japanese names:
かみ、 がみ、 ちゃん、 つむり、 づ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tou2, tou5
Korean:
du

Spanish

  • cabeza
  • principio
  • delantera

Portuguese

  • cabeça
  • sufixo para contagem de animais grandes

French

  • tête
  • compteur de gros animaux
294 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
203 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
186 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
386 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4469 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
519 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
275 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2504 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
276 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
276 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
166 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1889 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2019 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1073 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1450 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1453 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
43490 Morohashi
1604 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6639 New Nelson (John Haig)
1441 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1549 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
234 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
238 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3061 2001 Kanji
9a7.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-7-9 SKIP code
1118.6 Four corner code
1-38-12 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
982d Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
destroy, ruin, overthrow, perish
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1222 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 滅亡 【メツボウ】 downfall, ruin, collapse, destruction
  • 滅罪 【メツザイ】 expiation
  • 全滅 【ゼンメツ】 annihilation, total destruction, complete destruction, crushing defeat
  • 撲滅 【ボクメツ】 eradication, extermination, destruction, suppression

Kun reading compounds

  • 滅びる 【ほろびる】 to go to ruin, to go under, to fall, to be destroyed, to die out, to become extinct, to perish
  • 滅ぶ 【ほろぶ】 to be ruined, to go under, to perish, to be destroyed
  • 滅ぼす 【ほろぼす】 to destroy, to overthrow, to wreck, to ruin

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mie4
Korean:
myeol

Spanish

  • extinguirse
  • apagarse
  • estropearse
  • ser destruido
  • ser devastado
  • estropear
  • destruir
  • devastar
  • demoler

Portuguese

  • destruir
  • arruinar
  • extinguir
  • golpe

French

  • anéantir
  • détruire
  • ruiner
  • renverser
  • périr
1848 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1387 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2660 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1228 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1488 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1338 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1421 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1500 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1237 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
812 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
475 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
606 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
371 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
18008 Morohashi
660 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3279 New Nelson (John Haig)
365 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
390 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1642 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
359 2001 Kanji
3a10.26 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-10 SKIP code
3315.0 Four corner code
1-44-39 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6ec5 Unicode hex code

7 strokes
Radical:
kneel
Parts:
Variants:
instead, on the contrary, rather, step back, withdraw, retreat
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
959 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 冷却 【レイキャク】 cooling, refrigeration
  • 売却 【バイキャク】 selling off, disposal by sale, sale

Kun reading compounds

  • 却って 【かえって】 on the contrary, rather, instead, all the more
  • 退ける 【しりぞける】 to repel, to drive away, to repulse, to reject

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
que4
Korean:
gag

Spanish

  • retirarse
  • echarse atrás
  • rechazar

Portuguese

  • ao invés
  • ao contrário
  • melhor

French

  • au lieu de
  • au contraire
  • plutôt
1145 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1252 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
808 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1680 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1114 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1783 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1915 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1616 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
252 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
1436 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
761 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1034 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1407 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2856 Morohashi
1118 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
631 New Nelson (John Haig)
1395 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1497 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1101 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
2e5.3 The Kanji Dictionary
1-5-2 SKIP code
4772.0 Four corner code
1-21-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5374 Unicode hex code