Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
heart 心 (忄, ⺗)
Parts:
Variants:
heart, mind, spirit, heart radical (no. 61)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
157 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 心 【シン】 heart, mind, spirit, vitality, inner strength, bottom of one's heart, core (of one's character), nature, centre, center, core, heart, heart (organ), Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions), friend
  • 心臓 【シンゾウ】 heart, guts, nerve, cheek, gall, spine, central part
  • 安心 【アンシン】 relief, peace of mind
  • 決心 【ケッシン】 determination, resolution

Kun reading compounds

  • 心 【こころ】 mind, heart, spirit, the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
  • 心得る 【こころえる】 to know, to understand, to be aware of, to regard as, to take for, to consent, to agree
  • 我が心 【わがこころ】 my heart
  • 静心 【しずごころ】 calm mind, placid temperament

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xin1
Korean:
sim

Spanish

  • corazón
  • centro

Portuguese

  • coração
  • mente
  • espírito

French

  • coeur
  • esprit
  • radical coeur (no. 61)
95 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
164 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
147 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
139 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1645 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
80 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
172 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
49 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
97 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
97 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
172 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
766 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
11 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
4 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
602 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
10295 Morohashi
11 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1780 New Nelson (John Haig)
595 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
639 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
64 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
96 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
358 2001 Kanji
4k0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-3 SKIP code
4-4-4 SKIP code
3300.0 Four corner code
1-31-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5fc3 Unicode hex code

14 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
boundary, border, region
Kun:
さかい
On:
キョウケイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
346 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 境 【サカイ】 border, boundary, turning point, watershed, area, region, spot, space, environment, psychological state, mental state, cognitive object, something perceptible by the sense organs or mind
  • 境界 【キョウカイ】 boundary, border, limit, bounds, frontier
  • 自然環境 【シゼンカンキョウ】 natural environment, (the) environment
  • 越境 【エッキョウ】 crossing a border (illegally), border violation, border transgression
  • 境内 【ケイダイ】 grounds (esp. of shrines and temples), compound, churchyard, precincts
  • 境界 【ケイカイ】 land boundary, border (between properties)

Kun reading compounds

  • 境 【さかい】 border, boundary, turning point, watershed, area, region, spot, space, environment, psychological state, mental state, cognitive object, something perceptible by the sense organs or mind
  • 境目 【さかいめ】 borderline, boundary
  • 生死の境 【せいしのさかい】 between life and death

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 じき
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jing4
Korean:
gyeong

Spanish

  • límite
  • frontera
  • región
  • circunstancia
  • borde

Portuguese

  • limite
  • borda
  • região

French

  • frontière
  • région
  • environnement
761 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
680 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
651 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
792 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1135 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
751 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
440 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2076 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
864 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
883 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1036 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
387 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
835 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
482 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
618 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
495 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5409 Morohashi
676 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1085 New Nelson (John Haig)
484 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
523 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
787 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1457 2001 Kanji
3b11.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-11 SKIP code
4011.6 Four corner code
1-22-13 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5883 Unicode hex code

9 strokes
Radical:
go
Parts:
Variants:
unusual, change, strange
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 4
JLPT level N3
238 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 変 【ヘン】 strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy, unexpected, change, incident, disturbance, disaster, accident, flat
  • 変化 【ヘンカ】 change, variation, alteration, mutation, transition, transformation, transfiguration, metamorphosis, variety, diversity, inflection, declension, conjugation, sidestepping
  • 急変 【キュウヘン】 sudden turn, sudden change, (suddenly occurring) accident, emergency
  • 豹変 【ヒョウヘン】 sudden change, complete change

Kun reading compounds

  • 変わる 【かわる】 to change, to be transformed, to be altered, to vary, to move to, to be different, to be uncommon, to be unusual
  • 変わり 【かわり】 change, alteration, difference, distinction, something wrong, abnormality, unusual event, accident, incident
  • 変わり目 【かわりめ】 turning point, change, transition, turn (of the tide, century, etc.), point of difference
  • 変える 【かえる】 to change, to alter, to transform, to convert, to turn, to vary, to reform, to revise, to amend

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
bian4
Korean:
byeon

Spanish

  • inusual
  • extraño
  • cambio
  • cambiar
  • alterar
  • modificar

Portuguese

  • raro
  • mudança
  • estranhar

French

  • insolite
  • étrange
  • changer
509 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
609 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
581 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
324 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
306 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
191 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
443 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
970 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
257 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
257 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
222 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
401 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2569 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1311 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1782 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1761 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5703 Morohashi
2069 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1119 New Nelson (John Haig)
1745 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1882 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
254 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
532 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
467 2001 Kanji
2j7.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-7 SKIP code
2-6-3 SKIP code
0024.7 Four corner code
0040.7 Four corner code
1-42-49 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5909 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
spoon
Parts:
change, take the form of, influence, enchant, delude, -ization
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
89 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 化 【カ】 action of making something, -ification
  • 化学 【カガク】 chemistry
  • 変化 【ヘンカ】 change, variation, alteration, mutation, transition, transformation, transfiguration, metamorphosis, variety, diversity, inflection, declension, conjugation, sidestepping
  • 消化 【ショウカ】 digestion (of food), digestion (of information), assimilation, thorough understanding, consumption, absorption, using up, meeting (e.g. a quota), completion, losing one's form and turning into something else
  • 化粧 【ケショウ】 make-up, makeup, cosmetics, decoration, dressing, veneer
  • 化粧水 【ケショウスイ】 skin lotion, face lotion
  • 応化 【オウゲ】 assumption of a suitable form (by a buddha or bodhisattva)
  • 教化 【キョウケ】 guidance, teaching people and leading them to Buddhism

Kun reading compounds

  • 化ける 【ばける】 to take the form of (esp. in ref. to a spirit, fox, raccoon dog, etc.), to assume the shape of, to turn oneself into, to transform oneself into, to disguise oneself as, to change radically, to metamorphose, to improve unexpectedly and dramatically (esp. of an actor, artist, rikishi, etc.)
  • 化かす 【ばかす】 to bewitch, to confuse, to enchant, to delude
  • 老ける 【ふける】 to age, to grow old (esp. in appearance), to show marks of age

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
hua4
Korean:
hwa

Spanish

  • cambiar
  • transformarse
  • modificarse
  • disfrazarse

Portuguese

  • mudança
  • tomar a forma de
  • influência
  • encantar
  • iludir
  • seduzir
  • -isação

French

  • transformation
  • prendre la forme de
  • maquillage
  • influence
  • fantôme
  • enchanter
  • tromper
  • chimie
  • -isation
163 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
258 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
238 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
100 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
350 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
76 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
378 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
56 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.19 Japanese for Busy People
254 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
254 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
414 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
55 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
22 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
12 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1017 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
2572X Morohashi
21 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
580 New Nelson (John Haig)
1008 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1083 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
104 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
242 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2156 2001 Kanji
2a2.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-2-2 SKIP code
2121.0 Four corner code
2421.0 Four corner code
1-18-29 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5316 Unicode hex code