Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
turban, scarf
Parts:
market, city, town
Kun:
いち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
42 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 市 【シ】 city
  • 市営 【シエイ】 (under) municipal management (transport, housing, etc.), city facility management
  • 同市 【ドウシ】 same city
  • 田園都市 【デンエントシ】 rural or garden city

Kun reading compounds

  • 市 【いち】 market, fair
  • 市中 【しちゅう】 in the city
  • 骨董市 【こっとういち】 antique market, flea market
  • 草市 【くさいち】 flower market during Obon, fair of plants and flowers (as offerings)

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 ち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • mercado
  • ciudad

Portuguese

  • mercado
  • cidade

French

  • marché
  • ville
  • cité
222 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
144 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
130 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
78 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
284 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
119 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
162 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
195 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
181 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
181 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
547 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
556 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2487 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1258 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1724 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
419 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8775 Morohashi
1993 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1549 New Nelson (John Haig)
412 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
440 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
305 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
109 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
444 2001 Kanji
2j3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4-4-3 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
1-27-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e02 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
Variants:
occupation, camp, perform, build, conduct (business)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
303 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 営業所 【エイギョウショ】 business office, place of business
  • 営業 【エイギョウ】 business, trade, operations, sales
  • 国営 【コクエイ】 government management, state management
  • 公営 【コウエイ】 public management

Kun reading compounds

  • 営む 【いとなむ】 to run (a business), to operate, to conduct, to practice (law, medicine, etc.), to carry out, to perform, to lead (a life), to hold (a Buddhist or Shinto ceremony)
  • 営み 【いとなみ】 activity, action, performance, execution, occupation, business, work, sexual intercourse, sex, preparations

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ying2
Korean:
yeong

Spanish

  • negocio
  • campamento
  • dirigir un negocio

Portuguese

  • ocupação
  • acampamento
  • desempenhar
  • construção
  • conduta (negócios)

French

  • travail
  • camp
  • exécuter
  • construire
  • diriger
741 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
645 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
616 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
348 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
963 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
780 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
418 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1751 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
722 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
735 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
930 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
518 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3216 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1667 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2257 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1043 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4025 Morohashi
2603 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
857 New Nelson (John Haig)
1034 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1111 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
388 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
749 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
977 2001 Kanji
3n9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-7 SKIP code
2-3-9 SKIP code
3260.6 Four corner code
9060.6 Four corner code
1-17-36 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
55b6 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
earth
Parts:
ground, earth
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
40 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 地 【チ】 earth, ground, land, soil, place, territory, bottom (of a package, book, etc.), earth (one of the five elements)
  • 地位 【チイ】 (social) position, status
  • 奥地 【オクチ】 interior, backwoods, hinterland, back regions
  • 対地 【タイチ】 ground to ground
  • 地 【ジ】 ground, land, earth, soil, the region in question, the local area, skin, texture, fabric, material, weave, base, background, one's true nature, narrative (i.e. descriptive part of a story), real life, actuality, captured territory (in the game of go), noh chorus, accompaniment music (in Japanese dance), basic phrase (in Japanese music; usu. repetitive), base part (of multiple shamisens)
  • 地合い 【ジアイ】 texture (cloth, fabric, paper), market tone, undertone, balance between the position of white and black stones (in go)
  • 下地 【シタジ】 groundwork, foundation, inclination, aptitude, elementary knowledge (of), grounding (in), undercoat, first coat, soy sauce
  • 築地 【ツイジ】 mud wall with a roof, roofed mud wall

Readings

Japanese names:
どま
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
di4, de5
Korean:
ji

Spanish

  • suelo
  • tierra
  • terreno
  • posición

Portuguese

  • terra
  • chão

French

  • sol
  • terre
111 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
184 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
167 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
40 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1056 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
143 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
143 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
241 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
118 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
118 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
146 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
367 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
236 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
152 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
181 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
521 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4890 Morohashi
204 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
976 New Nelson (John Haig)
515 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
554 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
45 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
130 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1456 2001 Kanji
3b3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-3 SKIP code
4411.2 Four corner code
1-35-47 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5730 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:
below, down, descend, give, low, inferior
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
97 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 下 【カ】 under (influence, control, conditions, etc. of), during (war, occupation, etc.)
  • 下位 【カイ】 low rank, lower position, subordinate position, lower order (e.g. byte)
  • 陛下 【ヘイカ】 Your Majesty, His Majesty, Her Majesty
  • 最下 【サイカ】 the lowest, the worst
  • 下 【ゲ】 lowness (of degree, value, etc.), inferiority, second volume (of two), third volume (of three)
  • 下山 【ゲザン】 descending (mountain)
  • 高下 【コウゲ】 rise and fall (e.g. prices), fluctuation, difference (rank, grade, quality, etc.), variation
  • 帯下 【タイゲ】 leukorrhoea, leucorrhoea, leukorrhea, leucorrhea, mucous discharge from female genitals

Kun reading compounds

  • 下 【した】 below, down, under, younger (e.g. daughter), bottom, beneath, underneath, just after, right after, inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), trade-in, preliminary, preparatory
  • 下請け 【したうけ】 subcontract, subcontractor (person or company)
  • 幕下 【まくした】 third highest division, wrestlers of the third highest division
  • 上下 【うえした】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upside-down
  • 下 【しも】 lower reaches (of a river), bottom, lower part, lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses, end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan), dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
  • 下期 【しもき】 second half of the (fiscal) year
  • 風下 【かざしも】 leeward, lee, downwind
  • 裃 【かみしも】 samurai costume, old ceremonial costume, top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends
  • 下 【もと】 under (guidance, supervision, rules, the law, etc.), under (a flag, the sun, etc.), beneath, with (e.g. one blow), on (the promise, condition, assumption, etc. that ...), in (e.g. the name of), (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location
  • 山元 【やまもと】 foot of a mountain, base of a mountain, mine, colliery, owner of a mountain, operator of a mine
  • お膝元 【おひざもと】 beside a nobleman, close aid (of a nobleman, etc.), place where a high ranking person resides, one's own city (of a shogun, lord, etc.), Imperial capital, Imperial court, (shogun's) headquarters, place under one's direct control, one's own turf, one's own backyard
  • 下げる 【さげる】 to hang, to suspend, to wear (e.g. decoration), to lower, to reduce, to bring down, to demote, to move back, to pull back, to clear (plates), to remove (food, etc. from table or altar), to keep on playing after one has formed a scoring combination with captured cards
  • 下がる 【さがる】 to come down, to go down, to fall, to drop, to sink, to get lower, to hang, to dangle, to move back, to step back, to withdraw, to retire, to deteriorate, to fall off, to be downgraded, to get closer to the present day, to go south
  • 下る 【くだる】 to descend, to go down, to come down, to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.), to pass (of time), to surrender, to capitulate, to be less than, to be inferior to, to have the runs, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to be discharged from the body, to depreciate oneself, to be humble
  • 下り 【くだり】 down-train, train heading toward the ending point of its route, down-slope, downward going, downbound (esp. away from Tokyo), downstream, downhill
  • 下り坂 【くだりざか】 downhill, downward slope, descent, decline, waning, ebb, (going) downhill
  • 下す 【くだす】 to make a decision, to draw a conclusion, to give a judgement, to hand down a verdict, to pass a sentence, to give an order, to let go down, to lower, to do oneself, to do by oneself, to beat, to defeat, to have loose bowels, to have diarrhea, to pass (in stool), to discharge from the body, to do in one go, to do to the end without stopping
  • 下さる 【くださる】 to give, to confer, to bestow, to kindly do for one, to oblige, to favour, to favor
  • 下ろす 【おろす】 to take down, to bring down, to lower (a hand, flag, shutter, etc.), to drop (an anchor, curtain, etc.), to let down (hair), to launch (a boat), to drop off (a passenger), to let off, to unload (goods, a truck, etc.), to offload, to discharge, to withdraw (money), to use for the first time, to wear for the first time, to cut off, to fillet (fish), to grate (e.g. radish), to prune (branches), to remove (someone from a position), to oust, to drop, to clear (the table), to remove (offerings from an altar), to pass down (e.g. old clothes), to hand down, to expel from the body (e.g. worms), to abort (a fetus), to invoke (a spirit), to call down
  • 降りる 【おりる】 to descend (e.g. a mountain), to go down, to come down, to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount, to step down, to retire, to give up, to quit, to fold, to be granted, to be issued, to be given, to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.), to be passed (from the body; e.g. of a roundworm)

Readings

Japanese names:
さか、 しと
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
xia4
Korean:
ha

Spanish

  • debajo
  • inferior
  • debajo de
  • parte inferior

Portuguese

  • baixo
  • abaixo
  • descende
  • inferior
  • sub
  • sob

French

  • au-dessous
  • descendre
  • bas
  • donner (vous me donnez)
  • inférieur
21 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
24 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
7 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
72 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
9 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
30 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
6 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
46 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
31 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
4 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4186 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2115 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2862 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
50 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
14 Morohashi
3378 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
9 New Nelson (John Haig)
50 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
51 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
75 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
13 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3154 2001 Kanji
2m1.2 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-1 SKIP code
1023.0 Four corner code
1-18-28 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0b Unicode hex code

13 strokes
Radical:
metal, gold 金 (釒)
Parts:
Variants:
iron
Kun:
くろがね
On:
テツ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N2
672 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 鉄 【テツ】 iron (Fe), strong and hard (as iron), railway, railway enthusiast
  • 鉄製 【テッセイ】 made of iron
  • 国鉄 【コクテツ】 national railway (esp. former Japan National Railways)
  • 新日本製鐵 【シンニッポンセイテツ】 Nippon Steel Corporation

Kun reading compounds

  • 黒金 【くろがね】 iron

Readings

Japanese names:
けん、 てっ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tie3
Korean:
cheol

Spanish

  • hierro
  • acero

Portuguese

  • ferro

French

  • fer
283 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
353 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
327 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4844 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
242 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
976 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1948 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.1 Japanese for Busy People
312 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
312 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
147 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1814 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2147 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1126 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1527 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
854 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
40285 Morohashi
1711 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6253 New Nelson (John Haig)
846 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
909 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
449 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
422 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
2863 2001 Kanji
8a5.6 The Kanji Dictionary
1-8-5 SKIP code
8513.0 Four corner code
1-37-20 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
9244 Unicode hex code