Jisho

×

5 strokes
Radical:
turban, scarf
Parts:
market, city, town
Kun:
いち
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
42 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 市 【シ】 city
  • 市民 【シミン】 citizen, citizenry, public, city inhabitant, townspeople, bourgeoisie, middle class
  • 同市 【ドウシ】 same city
  • 田園都市 【デンエントシ】 garden city

Kun reading compounds

  • 市 【いち】 market, fair
  • 市場 【いちば】 (town) market, (street) market, marketplace
  • 骨董市 【こっとういち】 antique market, flea market
  • 草市 【くさいち】 flower market during Obon, fair of plants and flowers (as offerings)

Readings

Japanese names:
い、 ち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
shi4
Korean:
si

Spanish

  • mercado
  • ciudad

Portuguese

  • mercado
  • cidade

French

  • marché
  • ville
  • cité
222 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
144 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
130 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
78 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
284 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
119 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
162 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
195 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.4 Japanese for Busy People
181 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
181 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
547 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
556 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2487 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1258 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1724 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
419 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8775 Morohashi
1993 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1549 New Nelson (John Haig)
412 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
440 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
305 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
109 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
444 2001 Kanji
2j3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4-4-3 SKIP code
0022.7 Four corner code
1-27-52 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e02 Unicode hex code

12 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
Variants:
occupation, camp, perform, build, conduct (business)
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
303 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 栄養 【エイヨウ】 nutrition, nourishment
  • 営業 【エイギョウ】 business, trade, operations, sales
  • 経営 【ケイエイ】 management, administration, operation, running (a business), conducting
  • 運営 【ウンエイ】 management, administration, operation

Kun reading compounds

  • 営む 【いとなむ】 to run (a business), to operate, to conduct, to practice (law, medicine, etc.), to carry out, to perform, to lead (a life), to hold (a Buddhist or Shinto ceremony)
  • 営み 【いとなみ】 activity, action, performance, execution, occupation, business, work, sexual intercourse, sex, preparations

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ying2
Korean:
yeong

Spanish

  • negocio
  • campamento
  • dirigir un negocio

Portuguese

  • ocupação
  • acampamento
  • desempenhar
  • construção
  • conduta (negócios)

French

  • travail
  • camp
  • exécuter
  • construire
  • diriger
741 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
645 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
616 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
348 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
963 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
780 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
418 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1751 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
722 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
735 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
930 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
518 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3216 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1667 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2257 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1043 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
4025 Morohashi
2603 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
857 New Nelson (John Haig)
1034 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1111 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
388 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
749 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
977 2001 Kanji
3n9.2 The Kanji Dictionary
2-5-7 SKIP code
2-3-9 SKIP code
3260.6 Four corner code
9060.6 Four corner code
1-17-36 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
55b6 Unicode hex code

6 strokes
Radical:
lid
Parts:
mingle, mixing, association, coming & going
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N3
178 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 交 【コウ】 association, fellowship, change (of season, year, etc.)
  • 交差点 【コウサテン】 crossing, intersection
  • 絶交 【ゼッコウ】 breaking off a relationship, permanent breach of friendship, rupture
  • 性交 【セイコウ】 sexual intercourse

Kun reading compounds

  • 交わる 【まじわる】 to cross, to intersect, to join, to meet, to associate with, to mingle with, to consort with, to have a sexual relationship, to copulate
  • 交える 【まじえる】 to mix, to combine, to include, to exchange (words, fire, etc.), to cross (e.g. swords), to join together
  • 混じる 【まじる】 to be mixed, to be blended with, to be combined, to associate with, to mingle with, to interest, to join
  • 混じる 【まじる】 to be mixed, to be blended with, to be combined, to associate with, to mingle with, to interest, to join
  • 混ざる 【まざる】 to be mixed, to be blended with, to associate with, to mingle with, to join
  • 混ぜる 【まぜる】 to mix, to stir, to blend
  • 交わす 【かわす】 to exchange (messages, greetings, arguments, etc.), to intersect, to cross, to interlace, ... with one another, ... to each other
  • 交わす 【かわす】 to exchange (messages, greetings, arguments, etc.), to intersect, to cross, to interlace, ... with one another, ... to each other
  • 交々 【こもごも】 alternately, in succession

Readings

Japanese names:
かた
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
jiao1
Korean:
gyo

Spanish

  • cambio
  • reemplazo
  • mezcla
  • asociación
  • cruzarse
  • mezclarse
  • cruzar
  • mezclar

Portuguese

  • Misturar-se
  • misturando
  • associação
  • vindo & indo

French

  • mélanger
  • échanges
  • association
  • mêler
  • aller et venir
212 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
128 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
115 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
200 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
290 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
86 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
298 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
293 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
114 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
114 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
504 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
38 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2508 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1272 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1738 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1283 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
291 Morohashi
2015 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
90 New Nelson (John Haig)
1275 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1368 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
269 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
120 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
466 2001 Kanji
2j4.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-4 SKIP code
2-4-2 SKIP code
0040.8 Four corner code
1-24-82 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4ea4 Unicode hex code

10 strokes (also 9)
Radical:
walk 辵 (辶, ⻌, ⻍)
Parts:
traffic, pass through, avenue, commute, counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
80 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通過 【ツウカ】 passing through (a tunnel, station, town, etc.), passing by (e.g. of a typhoon), transit, passage (of a bill, e.g. through parliament), carriage, passing (an examination, inspection, etc.), clearing
  • 共通 【キョウツウ】 common, shared, mutual, to be common (to), to be shared (by), -wide
  • 開通 【カイツウ】 opening (of a new road, railway, etc.), going into operation (e.g. telephone communication), beginning services, reopening (e.g. of a road to traffic), resumption of services
  • 通 【ツウ】 authority, expert, connoisseur, well-informed person, counter for messages, letters, notes, documents, etc., understanding (esp. of male-female relations), tact, insight, supernatural powers, magical powers
  • 通過 【ツウカ】 passing through (a tunnel, station, town, etc.), passing by (e.g. of a typhoon), transit, passage (of a bill, e.g. through parliament), carriage, passing (an examination, inspection, etc.), clearing

Kun reading compounds

  • 通る 【とおる】 to go by, to go past, to go along, to travel along, to pass through, to use (a road), to take (a route), to go via, to go by way of, to run (between; of a rail service, bus route, etc.), to operate (between), to connect, to go indoors, to go into a room, to be admitted, to be shown in, to be ushered in, to come in, to penetrate, to pierce, to skewer, to go through, to come through, to permeate, to soak into, to spread throughout, to carry (e.g. of a voice), to reach far, to be passed on (e.g. of a customer's order to the kitchen), to be relayed, to be conveyed, to pass (a test, a bill in the House, etc.), to be approved, to be accepted, to go by (a name), to be known as, to be accepted as, to have a reputation for, to be coherent, to be logical, to be reasonable, to be comprehensible, to be understandable, to make sense, to get across (e.g. of one's point), to be understood, to pass for, to come across as, to seem like, to be straight (e.g. wood grain), to be well-informed, to be wise, to do ... completely, to do ... thoroughly
  • 通り 【とおり】 avenue, street, way, road, coming and going, street traffic, flow (of water, air, etc.), transmission (of sound), reach (e.g. of voice), fame, reputation, popularity, the same status or way, as (e.g. as expected, as I said), understanding, comprehension, counter for sets of things, counter for methods, ways, types
  • 通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】 to go past, to pass, to pass by
  • 通す 【とおす】 to stick through, to force through, to spread throughout, to thoroughly diffuse, to make a path between two points, to proceed in a logical manner, to let pass, to allow through, to lead (someone) into (a house, room, etc.), to show in, to go through (a middleman), to (look, listen) through (a window, wall, etc.), to pass (a law, applicant, etc.), to force to accept, to force agreement, to continue (in a state), to persist in, to do to the entirety of, to cover all of, to span the whole ..., to do from beginning to end without a break, to convey (one's ideas, etc.) to the other party, to do to the end, to carry through, to complete
  • 通し 【とおし】 continuing from beginning to end, continuous run, consecutive run, appetizer, starter, hors d'oeuvre, performance of an entire play
  • 通し切符 【とおしきっぷ】 through ticket (e.g. rail, air), ticket good for multiple performances (e.g. both matinee and evening shows), all-day ticket, season ticket
  • 切通し 【きりどおし】 road (or railway) cut through hilly terrain, cutting
  • 通う 【かよう】 to go to and from (a place), to go back and forth between, to run between (e.g. bus, train, etc.), to ply between, to go to (school, work, etc.), to attend, to commute, to frequent, to circulate (e.g. blood, electricity), to be communicated (e.g. thought), to resemble

Readings

Japanese names:
とん、 どうし、 どおり、 みち
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tong1, tong4
Korean:
tong

Spanish

  • atravesar
  • traspasar
  • hacer saber
  • pasar
  • ir y venir

Portuguese

  • tráfego
  • passar através de
  • avenida
  • comutar
  • sufixo para contagem de letras

French

  • circulation
  • passer par
  • avenue
  • trajet (travail)
  • compteur de lettres, notes, ...
281 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
193 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
176 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
71 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
4703 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
201 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
261 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1239 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
3.11 Japanese for Busy People
150 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
150 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
204 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
695 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3855 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1982 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2678 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1420 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
38892P Morohashi
3109 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
6063 New Nelson (John Haig)
1408 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1511 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
97 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
198 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3553 2001 Kanji
2q7.18 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-7 SKIP code
3-2-7 SKIP code
3730.2 Four corner code
1-36-44 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
901a Unicode hex code