Jisho

×

12 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
cold
Kun:
さむ.い
On:
カン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1456 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 寒 【カン】 midwinter, cold season, coldest days of the year
  • 寒気 【サムケ】 chill, the shivers, shivering fit, cold, coldness, cold air
  • 悪寒 【オカン】 chill, shakes, ague
  • 防寒 【ボウカン】 protection against cold

Kun reading compounds

  • 寒い 【さむい】 cold (e.g. weather), uninteresting (esp. joke), lame, dull, weak, corny

Readings

Japanese names:
さ、 さん
Chinese:
han2
Korean:
han

Spanish

  • frío
  • desolado

Portuguese

  • Frio

French

  • froid (temps)
175 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
263 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
245 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1195 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1322 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
831 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
159 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1714 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
457 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
464 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
120 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
490 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2894 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1490 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2011 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1540 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7239X Morohashi
2311 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1350 New Nelson (John Haig)
1526 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1645 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
393 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
740 2001 Kanji
3m9.3 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-9 SKIP code
3030.3 Four corner code
20-8 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bd2 Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
line
Parts:
in, inside, middle, mean, center
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
11 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 中 【チュウ】 medium, average, middle, moderation, middle school, China, volume two (of three), during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while, in, out of, of the
  • 中尉 【チュウイ】 first lieutenant, lieutenant junior grade
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 訪中 【ホウチュウ】 visit to China

Kun reading compounds

  • 中 【なか】 inside, in, among, within, center (centre), middle, during, while
  • 中島 【なかじま】 island in a pond or river
  • 野中 【のなか】 in the middle of a field
  • そんな中 【そんななか】 wherein, therein, thereinto
  • 内 【うち】 inside, within, while, among, amongst, between, we, our, my spouse, imperial palace grounds, emperor, I, me
  • 此の内 【このうち】 meanwhile, the other day, recently
  • 腹の中 【はらのなか】 in the belly, in one's heart of hearts
  • 当たる 【あたる】 to be hit, to strike, to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed, to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to, to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.), to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win, to be successful, to go well, to be a hit, to face, to confront, to lie (in the direction of), to undertake, to be assigned, to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted, to be called on (e.g. by a teacher), to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at, to be unnecessary, to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak, to feel a bite (in fishing), (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil, to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison), to shave, to be a relative of a person, to be a ... in relation to ..., to stand in a relationship

Readings

Japanese names:
あたる、 かなえ
Chinese:
zhong1, zhong4
Korean:
jung

Spanish

  • centro
  • dentro
  • interior
  • medio

Portuguese

  • em
  • interior
  • médio
  • meio
  • centro

French

  • dans
  • dedans
  • à l'intérieur
  • milieu
  • centre
  • moyenne
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
26 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
55 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
13 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
81 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
31 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
7 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
75 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.3 Japanese for Busy People
28 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
28 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
33 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
16 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4262 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2150 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2902 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
39 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
73 Morohashi
3451 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
28 New Nelson (John Haig)
39 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
39 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
12 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
32 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1655 2001 Kanji
0a4.40 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-3 SKIP code
5000.6 Four corner code
35-70 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e2d Unicode hex code

4 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
water
Kun:
みずみず-
On:
スイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
223 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 水 【スイ】 Wednesday, shaved ice (served with flavored syrup), water (fifth of the five elements)
  • 水位 【スイイ】 water level
  • 用水 【ヨウスイ】 irrigation water, water for fire, city water, cistern water
  • 浄水 【ジョウスイ】 clean water

Kun reading compounds

  • 水 【みず】 water (esp. cool, fresh water, e.g. drinking water), fluid (esp. in an animal tissue), liquid, flood, floodwaters, water offered to wrestlers just prior to a bout, break granted to wrestlers engaged in a prolonged bout
  • 水揚げ 【みずあげ】 landing, unloading (e.g. a ship), catch (of fish), takings, sales (of a shop), defloration (e.g. of a geisha), preservation (of cut flowers, in ikebana)
  • 飲み水 【のみみず】 drinking water, potable water
  • 呼び水 【よびみず】 pump-priming, rousing, stimulation

Readings

Japanese names:
うず、 ずみ、 つ、 ど、 み、 みさ、 みつ、 みな、 みん
Chinese:
shui3
Korean:
su

Spanish

  • agua

Portuguese

  • água

French

  • eau
14 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
16 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
40 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
144 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2482 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
16 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
68 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
54 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1.A Japanese for Busy People
21 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
21 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
19 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1151 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
10 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
132 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17083 Morohashi
10 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3030 New Nelson (John Haig)
130 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
137 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
166 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
31 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1142 2001 Kanji
3a0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
1-1-3 SKIP code
4-4-3 SKIP code
1223.0 Four corner code
31-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6c34 Unicode hex code

8 strokes
Radical:
water 水 (氵, 氺)
Parts:
swim
Kun:
およ.ぐ
On:
エイ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N3
1223 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 泳者 【エイシャ】 a swimmer
  • 泳動 【エイドウ】 migration, movement, phoresis
  • 遠泳 【エンエイ】 long-distance swimming
  • 着衣泳 【チャクイエイ】 swimming fully-clothed

Kun reading compounds

  • 泳ぐ 【およぐ】 to swim

Readings

Chinese:
yong3
Korean:
yeong

Spanish

  • nadar

Portuguese

  • nadar

French

  • nager
352 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
252 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
232 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1198 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
2520 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
562 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
680 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1208 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1271 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
193 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
1168 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
385 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
242 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
289 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
138 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
17328 Morohashi
327 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
3090 New Nelson (John Haig)
136 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
144 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
293 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
342 2001 Kanji
3a5.14 The Kanji Dictionary
1-3-5 SKIP code
3313.2 Four corner code
17-43 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6cf3 Unicode hex code