Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess
Kun:
みや
On:
キュウグウクウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N1
367 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 宮 【キュウ】 palace, tonic (of the Japanese & Chinese pentatonic scale), ancient Chinese punishment (castration for men, or confinement for women), zodiacal sign
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 離宮 【リキュウ】 imperial villa, royal villa, detached palace
  • 巨蟹宮 【キョカイキュウ】 Cancer (4th zodiacal sign), the Crab
  • 宮司 【グウジ】 chief priest
  • 宮寺 【グウジ】 Buddhist temple within a Shinto shrine
  • 二宮 【ニグウ】 the Two Ise Shrines
  • 東宮 【トウグウ】 crown prince
  • 宮内庁 【クナイチョウ】 Imperial Household Agency
  • 宮内 【クナイ】 inside the Imperial Palace, Department of the Imperial Household
  • 月宮 【ゲッキュウ】 moon palace of the Hindu god Chandra
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period
  • 内宮 【ナイクウ】 Inner Ise Shrine
  • 外宮 【ゲクウ】 outer shrine of the Ise Grand Shrine

Kun reading compounds

  • 宮 【みや】 shrine, palace, imperial residence, member of the imperial family, headboard (on a bed), headstand, temple
  • 宮家 【みやけ】 house of a prince of the blood
  • 若宮 【わかみや】 young imperial prince, child of the imperial family, shrine dedicated to a child of the god of the main shrine, newly built shrine (to which a divided tutelary deity has just been transferred)
  • 大宮 【おおみや】 imperial palace, shrine, Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child, elderly woman of imperial lineage

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐ、 み
Chinese:
gong1
Korean:
gung

Spanish

  • príncipe
  • familia imperial
  • santuario

Portuguese

  • Templo Shinto
  • constelação
  • palácio
  • princesa

French

  • sanctuaire
  • constellations
  • palais
  • princesse
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
256 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
419 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1310 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
546 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1209 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1184 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
721 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
734 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
929 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
482 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2828 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1459 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1042 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7156 Morohashi
2274 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1336 New Nelson (John Haig)
1033 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1110 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
353 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.6 Four corner code
21-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bae Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
mouth, opening
Parts:
old
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 2
JLPT level N4
509 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 古今 【ココン】 ancient and modern times, all ages, past and present
  • 故郷 【フルサト】 home town, birthplace, native place, one's old home, ruins, historic remains
  • 蒙古 【モウコ】 Mongolia
  • 懐古 【カイコ】 recalling the old days, nostalgia, reminiscences

Kun reading compounds

  • 古い 【ふるい】 old, aged, ancient, antiquated, antique, timeworn, long, since long ago, time-honored, of the distant past, long-ago, stale, threadbare, hackneyed, corny, old-fashioned, outmoded, out-of-date
  • 古家 【ふるいえ】 old house, deserted house

Readings

Japanese names:
ふゆ
Chinese:
gu3
Korean:
go

Spanish

  • viejo
  • antiguo
  • desgastar

Portuguese

  • velho

French

  • vieux
70 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
121 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
109 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
373 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
770 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
93 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
32 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
154 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
172 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
172 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
86 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
278 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2495 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1262 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1728 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
16 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
3233 Morohashi
2002 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
702 New Nelson (John Haig)
16 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
16 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
320 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
107 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1577 2001 Kanji
2k3.1 The Kanji Dictionary
2-2-3 SKIP code
4060.0 Four corner code
24-37 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
53e4 Unicode hex code

3 strokes
Radical:
one
Parts:
Variants:

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 上 【ジョウ】 from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of, aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above, first volume (e.g. book), superior quality, best, top, high class, going up, governmental, imperial, presenting, showing, ana- (medical, biol.)
  • 上位 【ジョウイ】 superior (in rank), top, ranking, higher order (e.g. byte), host computer (of connected device)
  • 口上 【コウジョウ】 vocal message, speech, statement, prologue at the start of a kabuki performance
  • 水上 【スイジョウ】 aquatic, on the water
  • 上人 【ショウニン】 holy priest, saint
  • 上下 【ショウカ】 top and bottom, up and down, high and low, above and below, upper and lower ends, upper and lower classes, ruler and ruled, the government and the people
  • 主上 【シュジョウ】 emperor
  • 艮下艮上 【ゴンカゴンショウ】 one of the 64 trigrams
  • 上海 【シャンハイ】 Shanghai (China)
  • 上湯 【シャンタン】 top-grade Chinese soup stock

Kun reading compounds

  • 上 【うえ】 above, up, over, elder (e.g. daughter), top, summit, surface, on, before, previous, superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder), on top of that, besides, what's more, upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after), matters concerning..., as concerns ..., since (i.e. "for that reason"), suffix indicating higher social standing, place of one's superior (i.e. the throne), emperor, sovereign, shogun, daimyo, noblewoman (esp. the wife of a nobleman)
  • 上野 【うえの】 section of Tokyo
  • 床上 【ゆかうえ】 on a floor, above floor level
  • 一枚上 【いちまいうえ】 one step higher, one better, cut above, one up
  • 上 【かみ】 upper reaches (of a river), upper stream, top, upper part, upper half (of the body), long ago, beginning, first, person of high rank (e.g. the emperor), government, imperial court, imperial capital (i.e. Kyoto), capital region (i.e. Kansai), region (or direction of) the imperial palace, head (of a table), wife, mistress (of a restaurant)
  • 上方 【かみがた】 Kyoto and vicinity, Kyoto-Osaka region, Kansai region (esp. during Edo period)
  • 風上 【かざかみ】 windward, upwind
  • 御上 【おかみ】 the Emperor, His Majesty, the government, the authorities, proprietress, hostess, landlady, mistress, your wife, his wife, (one's) master, lord
  • 上げる 【あげる】 to raise, to elevate, to do up (one's hair), to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.), to land (a boat), to deep-fry, to show someone (into a room), to summon (for geishas, etc.), to send someone (away), to enrol (one's child in school), to enroll, to increase (price, quality, status, etc.), to develop (talent, skill), to improve, to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice), to earn (something desirable), to praise, to give (an example, etc.), to cite, to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.), to arrest, to nominate, to give, to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.), to bear (a child), to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding), (of the tide) to come in, to vomit, to do for (the sake of someone else), to complete ..., to humbly do ...
  • 上がる 【あがる】 to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised, to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in, to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade, to get out (of water), to come ashore, to increase, to improve, to make progress, to be promoted, to advance, to be made (of profit, etc.), to occur (esp. of a favourable result), to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.), to be finished, to be done, to be over, (of rain) to stop, to lift, to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die, to win (in a card game, etc.), to be arrested, to turn up (of evidence, etc.), to be deep fried, to be spoken loudly, to get stage fright, to be offered (to the gods, etc.), to go, to visit, to eat, to drink, to be listed (as a candidate), to serve (in one's master's home), to go north, to be complete, to finish
  • 上がり 【あがり】 rise, increase, ascent, income, proceeds, return, profit, crop yield, freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops), completion, stop, finish, end result (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out, after (rain, illness, etc.), ex- (e.g. ex-bureaucrat), northbound
  • 上がり下り 【あがりおり】 going up and down, ascent and descent
  • 芸者上がり 【げいしゃあがり】 ex-geisha, former geisha
  • 上る 【のぼる】 to ascend, to go up, to climb, to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise, to go to (the capital), to be promoted, to add up to, to advance (in price), to swim up (a river), to sail up, to come up (on the agenda)
  • 上り 【のぼり】 ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb, up-train (e.g. going to Tokyo), northward (towards Tokyo)
  • 上り下り 【のぼりくだり】 rising and falling, going up and down
  • 逆上せる 【のぼせる】 to feel dizzy, to have blood rush to one's head, to lose one's cool, to be obsessed, to be infatuated, to become conceited
  • 上せる 【のぼせる】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some on out
  • 上す 【のぼす】 to raise, to record, to bring up (a matter), to serve (food), to send some one out

Readings

Japanese names:
あおい、 あげ、 い、 か、 かき、 かず、 かん、 こう、 のぼり、 ほつ
Chinese:
shang4, shang3
Korean:
sang

Spanish

  • arriba
  • encima
  • parte superior
  • cima
  • superficie

Portuguese

  • acima
  • para cima
  • sobre
  • subir
  • galgar
  • em cima
  • escalar

French

  • au-dessus
  • haut
  • monter
  • donner (je te donne)
20 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
23 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
37 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
21 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
798 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
29 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
5 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
47 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.14 Japanese for Busy People
32 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
32 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
31 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
6 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4212 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2128 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2876 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
49 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
13 Morohashi
3404 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
10 New Nelson (John Haig)
49 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
50 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
29 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
12 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1272 2001 Kanji
2m1.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-3-2 SKIP code
2110.0 Four corner code
30-69 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4e0a Unicode hex code

5 strokes
Radical:
turban, scarf
Parts:
linen, cloth, spread, distribute
Kun:
ぬの
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 5
JLPT level N2
877 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 布 【ヌノ】 cloth, bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)
  • 布教 【フキョウ】 propagation (e.g. a religion), proselytizing, missionary work
  • 麻布 【アサヌノ】 hemp cloth, linen
  • 公布 【コウフ】 official proclamation, announcement, promulgation (e.g. of regulations)

Kun reading compounds

  • 布 【ぬの】 cloth, bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)
  • 布地 【ぬのじ】 cloth, fabric
  • 麻布 【あさぬの】 hemp cloth, linen
  • 磨き布 【みがきぬの】 polishing cloth

Readings

Japanese names:
う、 の、 ほ
Chinese:
bu4
Korean:
po

Spanish

  • paño
  • tela
  • difusión

Portuguese

  • Linho
  • pano

French

  • linge
706 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
799 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
778 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
749 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1468 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
737 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
494 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
170 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
675 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
688 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
887 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
557 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3691 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1886 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2566 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
412 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
8778 Morohashi
2973 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1548 New Nelson (John Haig)
405 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
433 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
653 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1444 2001 Kanji
3f2.1 The Kanji Dictionary
3-2-3 SKIP code
4022.7 Four corner code
41-59 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5e03 Unicode hex code