Jisho

×

10 strokes
Radical:
roof
Parts:
Shinto shrine, constellations, palace, princess
Kun:
みや
On:
キュウグウクウ
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 3
JLPT level N1
367 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 宮 【キュウ】 palace, tonic (of the Japanese and Chinese pentatonic scale), ancient Chinese punishment (castration for men, or confinement for women), zodiacal sign
  • 宮中 【キュウチュウ】 imperial court
  • 離宮 【リキュウ】 imperial villa, royal villa, detached palace
  • 巨蟹宮 【キョカイキュウ】 Cancer (4th zodiacal sign), the Crab
  • 宮司 【グウジ】 chief priest
  • 宮寺 【グウジ】 Buddhist temple within a Shinto shrine
  • 二宮 【ニグウ】 the Two Ise Shrines
  • 東宮 【トウグウ】 crown prince
  • 宮内庁 【クナイチョウ】 Imperial Household Agency
  • 宮内 【クナイ】 inside the Imperial Palace, Department of the Imperial Household
  • 月宮 【ゲッキュウ】 moon palace of the Hindu god Chandra
  • 夙 【シュク】 outcasts common around the Kyoto region from the Kamakura period to the Edo period
  • 内宮 【ナイクウ】 Inner Ise Shrine
  • 外宮 【ゲクウ】 outer shrine of the Ise Grand Shrine

Kun reading compounds

  • 宮 【みや】 shrine, palace, imperial residence, Imperial prince, Imperial princess, headboard with built-in shelves, drawers, etc., temple
  • 宮家 【みやけ】 house of a prince of the blood
  • 若宮 【わかみや】 young imperial prince, child of the imperial family, shrine dedicated to a child of the god of the main shrine, newly built shrine (to which a divided tutelary deity has just been transferred)
  • 大宮 【おおみや】 imperial palace, shrine, Grand Empress Dowager, Empress Dowager, woman of imperial lineage who has borne a child, elderly woman of imperial lineage

Readings

Japanese names:
ぐ、 み
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
gong1
Korean:
gung

Spanish

  • príncipe
  • familia imperial
  • santuario

Portuguese

  • Templo Shinto
  • constelação
  • palácio
  • princesa

French

  • sanctuaire
  • constellations
  • palais
  • princesse
374 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
274 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
256 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
419 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
1310 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
546 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1209 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
1184 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
721 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
734 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
929 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
482 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
2828 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1459 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1964 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
1042 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
7156 Morohashi
2274 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1336 New Nelson (John Haig)
1033 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1110 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
353 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
777 2001 Kanji
3m7.5 The Kanji Dictionary
2-3-7 SKIP code
3060.6 Four corner code
1-21-60 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5bae Unicode hex code

2 strokes
Radical:
man, human 人 (亻)
Parts:
person
Kun:
ひと-り-と
On:
ジンニン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
5 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 人 【ジン】 -ian (e.g. Italian), -ite (e.g. Tokyoite), -er (e.g. performer, etc.), person working with ..., man, person, people
  • 人為 【ジンイ】 human work, human agency, art, artificiality
  • 米人 【ベイジン】 American person
  • 俳人 【ハイジン】 haiku poet
  • 人 【ニン】 counter for people
  • 人気 【ニンキ】 popularity, public favor, condition (e.g. market), tone, character, nature
  • 同人 【ドウジン】 same person, said person, the person in question, coterie, clique, fraternity, kindred spirits, comrade, colleague, dōjin, doujin, Japanese fans or hobbyists who produce their owns magazines, manga, software, etc.
  • 代人 【ダイニン】 substitute, deputy, proxy, representative, agent

Kun reading compounds

  • 人 【ひと】 person, someone, somebody, human beings, mankind, man, people, humans, human (Homo sapiens), (other) people, others, character, personality, nature, capable person, competent person, suitable person, right person, adult, grown-up, I, me, one
  • 人一倍 【ひといちばい】 (much) more than others, exceedingly, extremely, unusually
  • 貴人 【きじん】 aristocrat, nobleman, dignitary, person of high rank
  • いい人 【いいひと】 good-natured person, good person, (one's) lover, boyfriend, girlfriend

Readings

Japanese names:
じ、 と、 ね、 ひこ、 ふみ
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
ren2
Korean:
in

Spanish

  • persona

Portuguese

  • pessoa

French

  • être humain
  • personne
30 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
39 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
39 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
9 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
339 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
4 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
11 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
14 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.5 Japanese for Busy People
1 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
15 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
42 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4175 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2111 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2857 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
960 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
344 Morohashi
3368 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
99 New Nelson (John Haig)
951 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
1023 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
2 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
7 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
1262 2001 Kanji
2a0.1 The Kanji Dictionary
4-2-4 SKIP code
8000.0 Four corner code
1-31-45 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
4eba Unicode hex code