Jisho

×

4 strokes
Radical:
big, very
Parts:
heavens, sky, imperial
Kun:
あまつあめあま-
On:
テン
Jōyō kanji, taught in grade 1
JLPT level N5
512 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 天 【テン】 sky, heaven, God, svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth), deva (divine being of Buddhism), top (of a book), sole (of a Japanese sandal), beginning, start, tempura, India
  • 天下 【テンカ】 the whole world, the whole country, society, the public, supremacy over a nation, government of a country, the ruling power, having one's own way, doing as one pleases, peerless, incomparable, superlative, world-famous, shogun (Edo period)
  • 炎天 【エンテン】 blazing heat, scorching sun
  • 楽天 【ラクテン】 optimism

Kun reading compounds

  • 天津 【あまつ】 heavenly, imperial
  • 天津乙女 【あまつおとめ】 celestial maiden
  • 天 【あめ】 sky
  • 天地 【てんち】 heaven and earth, the universe, nature, top and bottom, realm, sphere, world, top and bottom, gods of heaven and earth

Readings

Japanese names:
あき、 あも、 た、 たかし、 て、 なま
Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
tian1
Korean:
cheon

Spanish

  • paraíso
  • cielo
  • imperial

Portuguese

  • paraíso
  • ceú
  • imperiais

French

  • cieux
  • ciel
  • impérial
119 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese (Florence Sakade)
67 A Guide To Reading and Writing Japanese 3rd edition (Henshall, Seeley and De Groot)
58 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
364 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
16 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
78 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
41 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
93 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
2.8 Japanese for Busy People
141 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
141 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
462 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
410 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
4250 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2148 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2898 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
435 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
5833 Morohashi
3442 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
1138 New Nelson (John Haig)
428 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
457 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
277 The Kanji Way to Japanese Language Power (Dale Crowley)
34 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
3163 2001 Kanji
0a4.21 The Kanji Dictionary
4-4-1 SKIP code
1043.0 Four corner code
1-37-23 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
5929 Unicode hex code

15 strokes
Radical:
hand 手 (扌龵)
Parts:
广
Variants:
chafe, rub, polish, grind, scrape
Kun:
ま.するさす.るす.る
On:
Jōyō kanji, taught in junior high
JLPT level N1
1252 of 2500 most used kanji in newspapers

Speed

Stroke order

On reading compounds

  • 摩擦 【マサツ】 friction, rubbing, chafing, discord, friction, strife, conflict
  • 摩天楼 【マテンロウ】 skyscraper
  • あん摩 【アンマ】 massage (esp. anma, a traditional form of Japanese massage), masseur, masseuse, massager, blind person
  • 研磨 【ケンマ】 grinding, polishing, refining (skill, knowledge, etc.), striving to master something

Kun reading compounds

  • 摩する 【まする】 to rub, to scrub, to scrape, to draw near, to press
  • 摩る 【さする】 to rub, to pat, to stroke, to massage
  • 擦る 【する】 to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass), to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)

Readings

Mandarin Chinese (pinyin):
mo2, ma1
Korean:
ma

Spanish

  • roce
  • fricción
  • caricia

Portuguese

  • escoriação
  • raspar
  • polir
  • alcance
  • arranhão

French

  • irriter
  • gratter
  • caresser
  • frictionner
  • polir
  • moudre
1830 A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters (Kenneth G. Henshall)
1074 A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage
5392 Classic Nelson (Andrew Nelson)
1783 Essential Kanji (P.G. O’Neill)
1380 Japanese Kanji Flashcards (Max Hodges and Tomoko Okazaki)
2428 Japanese Names (P.G. O’Neill)
1530 Kanji and Kana (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1631 Kanji and Kana, 2nd Edition (Spahn and Hadamitzky)
1415 Kanji in Context (Nishiguchi and Kono)
852 Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide
3938 Kodansha Kanji Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2030 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2740 Kodansha Kanji Learner’s Dictionary, 2nd Edition (Jack Halpern)
646 Les Kanjis dans la tete (Yves Maniette)
12613P Morohashi
3175 New Japanese English Character Dictionary (Jack Halpern)
2264 New Nelson (John Haig)
639 Remembering The Kanji (James Heisig)
689 Remembering The Kanji, 6th edition (James Heisig)
1768 Tuttle Kanji Cards (Alexander Kask)
547 2001 Kanji
3q12.6 The Kanji Dictionary
3-3-12 SKIP code
3-11-4 SKIP code
0025.2 Four corner code
1-43-64 JIS X 0208-1997 kuten code
6469 Unicode hex code